Sociology 3315
Department of Sociology and Anthropology
UMD
Social Disorganization Theory


W. I. THOMAS & FLORIAN ZNANIECKI

HOW DO WE FIND CAUSES AND WHERE DO WE LOOK?

  1. RULES REFLECT ATTITUDES
    VALUES, COLLECTIVE CONCEPTION OF WHAT IS DESIRABLE
  2. RULES MAY REFLECT A MULTITUDE OF VALUES,
    THEFT = PRIVATE PROPERTY, AUTONOMY, PRIVACY, FREEDOM OF MOVEMENT, ETC.
    TOO MANY CAUSES OF RULE VIOLATION TO DETERMINE PRIMARY CAUSES; INSTEAD, LOOK FOR:

    "LAWS OF SOCIO-PSYCHOLOGICAL BECOMING, I.E. FIND CAUSES WHICH ALWAYS AND EVERYWHERE PRODUCE CERTAIN DEFINITE ATTITUDES, AND THESE CAUSES WILL EXPLAIN ALSO SOCIAL DISORGANIZATION..."


ROBERT E. PARK TELLS US

I. SOCIETY CONSISTS OF
  1. PRIMARY GROUPS


  2. SECONDARY GROUPS

II. DELINQUENCY IS FOUND IN COMMUNITY NOT FAMILY OR NEIGHBORHOOD
A SIGN OF COMMUNITY FAILURE

A. SMALL TOWN LIFE WAS GREAT

B. LARGE CITIES HAVE TAKEN OVER FOR MANY REASONS

RESULTS IN BREAKDOWN IN FAMILY AND NEIGHBORHOOD INFLUENCE AND CONTROL
III. CHANGE IS BAD

"EVERY NEW DEVICE THAT AFFECTS SOCIAL LIFE AND THE SOCIAL ROUTINE IS TO THAT EXTENT A DISORGANIZING INFLUENCE. EVERY NEW DISCOVERY, EVERY NEW INVENTION, EVERY NEW IDEA, IS DISTURBING. EVEN NEWS HAS BECOME AT TIMES SO DANGEROUS THAT GOVERNMENTS HAVE FELT IT WISE TO SUPPRESS ITS PUBLICATION."
  1. AUTOMOBILES, NEWSPAPERS, MOVIES
    "APPARENTLY ANYTHING THAT MAKES LIFE INTERESTING IS DANGEROUS TO THE EXISTING ORDER."
  2. MIGRATION, EFFECTS ON YOUNG
    PROBLEMS WITH ACCOMENDATION AND ADAPTATION (MELTING POT)
  3. SAME IS TRUE FOR IMMIGRATION AND WOMEN
IV. "PROGRESS IS A TERRIBLE THING."
THERE IS A PRICE TO BE PAID FOR PROGRESS
"OUR GREAT CITIES,..., ARE FULL OF JUNK, MUCH OF IT HUMAN, I.E., MEN AND WOMEN WHO, FOR SOME REASON OR OTHER, HAVE FALLEN OUT OF LINE IN THE MARCH OF INDUSTRIAL PROGRESS AND HAVE BEEN SCRAPPED BY THE INDUSTRIAL ORGANIZATION OF WHICH THEY WERE ONCE A PART."
V. SECONDARY GROUP SOCIETIES CREATE NEW INSTITUTIONS TO DEAL WITH SOCIAL PROBLEMS;
  1. CHURCH, SCHOOL, COURTS FIT OLDER SOCIETY (PRIMARY GROUPS)

  2. NOW: JUVENILE COURTS, PROTECTIVE ASSOCIATIONS, PARENT-TEACHERS' ASSOCIATIONS, BOY SCOUTS, YOUNG MEN'S CHRISTIAN ASSOCIATIONS, BOYS' CLUBS, PLAYGROUNDS, ETC.
THESE ARE BASED ON SCIENCE NOT TRADITION

WHAT DOES THIS TELL US ABOUT CITIES AND DELINQUENCY?


CITIES HAVE NATURAL AREAS;

THAT IS, DISTINCTION SECTIONS THAT OCCUR BECAUSE OF THE PROCESSES OF SOCIAL CHANGE

SOCIAL DISORGANIZATION IS NOT A PROBLEM IN ALL AREAS OF THE CITY

ONLY CERTAIN AREAS ARE AFFECTED

LOTS OF MOVEMENT FROM INNER ZONE TO OUTER ZONE

HOWEVER

ZONES REMAIN THE SAME!!

BREAK DOWN OF PRIMARY GROUPS IN TRANSITION AREAS, BREAKDOWN IN STANDARDS AND NORMS

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Copyright: © 2001, John Hamlin
Last Modified: Thursday, 02-Jul-1998 05:34:17 CDT
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