Name(s) of Tribe: Sioux, Dakota,
Lakota, or Nakota (based on dialect).
Redwood Ferry: Captain Marsh receives news of the attack on Lower Agency. Takes his 46 soldiers and heads for Lower Agency. Marsh and his troops find Redwood Ferry and as they are about to board the "conveniently" placed flat bottomed ferry, the Sioux opened fire and ambushed the white troops. Marsh drowned in the process of escaping, along with 24 other men. The 15 who escaped made their way back to Ft. Ridgely.
Ft. Ridgely: On August 20, 1862 the Sioux made their first attempt to take Ft. Ridgely. Chief Little Crow gathered together about 400 warriors for the attack. Ft. Ridgely was housing about 200 refugees seeking protection from the Sioux. Sergeant John Jones, who was an artillery man, taught many of the refugees to fire guns and cannons in order to fend off the attacking Sioux. The soldiers managed to fend the Sioux off until sundown, when the Sioux retreated to Lower Agency. August 21 brought heavy rain, and the Sioux could not mount a second attack until August 22, when Little Crow gathered about 800 warriors to attack. The Sioux attempted to wear the defenders out by setting constant fire to the fort and then launching an attack on the southwest side of the fort, but were unsuccessful again. The Sioux fleed after taking many casualties. The soldiers and citizens at the fort only accumulated 3 casualties and 13 wounded in the 2 battles.
New Ulm: The first attack on the German settlers came on August 19th, and resulted in only a few casualties and a few burnt buildings. About 100 Dakota fighters attacked the city, but the settlers were ready for them when they arrived. After about two hours of battle, a rainstorm swept through the city and caused the Dakota to withdraw. In the second attack, 650 Sioux surrounded New Ulm and swarmed the town. The settlers resisted the charges and the Sioux were finally chased away by nightfall. The 2,000 people of New Ulm were left to live in a three block area. With conditions worsening with time, the people of New Ulm decided to evacuate to Mankato.
Birch Coulee: Major Joseph R. Brown and his troops were ambushed by Chief Grey Bird and his 200 warriors on the morning of September 2, 1862. This battle accounted for the highest number of casualties in a battle for the entire Dakota War. While the white military lost many soldiers, the Sioux suffered only a few casualites.
Ft. Abercrombie: Conflict began between whites
and the Sioux way before an actual battle occured. It began on August
20, 1862, when both Sioux and whites began building up fortifications for
an impending battle. Finally, on September 3, the Sioux attacked
the fort at 5:00 am. The battle lasted until 11:00 am, when the Sioux
retreated, leaving 400 of their own killed or wounded.
After spending two days just firing across the river at the fort, the Sioux launched another attack on Ft. Abercrombie. This attack also failed. Henry Sibley did offer peace to the Sioux after this battle. But Little Crow declined the offer, due to the arrogant nature of Sibley's demand for the prisoners without any negotiation.
Wood Lake and Camp Release: Henry Sibley
and 1600 soldiers met Little Crow's forces by the small lake. The
battle started at 7:00 am, and only lasted two hours. Fourteen Sioux
and four whites were killed in this battle. Among the dead Dakota
was Chief Mankato. The Dakota stopped fighting after this battle.
On September 26, 1862, the Sioux surrendered and released the 269 white prisoners at a site named Camp Release. After this event, the Sioux were placed on trial and 300 were sentenced to death. President Lincoln reduced the number to 38, saying 300 was too many. The rest of the Dakota were shipped to a desolate reservation on the Missouri River.