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Flying Bird Image

When Everybody Called Me Gah-bay-bi-nayss,
"Forever-Flying-Bird":
An Ethnographic Biography of
Paul Peter Buffalo

Timothy G. Roufs
University of Minnesota Duluth

a note on tenses
a note on style

orignal tapes information

Table of Contents

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Buffalo Image

Paul Buffalo Interviews Index

M

video and audiotape index: A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
This is an index of the hardcopy transcripts, not the 0n-line chapters.
Index numbers refer only to where a discussion starts, or resumes.

tape number:
01 02 03 04 05 06 07 08 09 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20
21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40
41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60
61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75
76 77 78 79 80 81 82 (videotape)

Maa-skwat [sp?] Resort 63-37
machines / machinery 66-29, 78-11, 78-38
McKusick [sp?] 41-02, 78-03
mad 81-27
Ma-dray-aash [sp?], Maggie 63-05
maggots 62-19
magic 14-55, 39-21, 51-03, 72-13
Magid 60-14 (J.B.'s mother)
Maine-ite 67-03
"mains of life" 69-01
mammoth 52-30
man 80-38
Manito 32-01, 40-09, 44-11, 44-18, see also "God"
maple sugar 01-11 (equipment; equipment storage; plugs), 01-12 (equipment; birch bark; bread = candy; energy from), *09-43 (general; boiling over), 09-46 (boiling over; taffy; candy; "scouting" berries; bears), 13-71 (going to sugarbush, scout; games), 14-112 (using sugar with sumac drink), 29-10 (packing bark roofing; spring move to sugarbush; equipment; trading; ants; general; boxes; yield; move to garden area), 31-10 (territory; 10 miles to sugar; 31=34; studied and wondered; preparing to go; March; going to sugarbush; equipment; patching; baskets; 8 miles; general; boiling over; Fred Crow; going to scout blueberries; gardening), 31-34, 38-02 (seasonal move summary), *49-19 (crow comes, 49-16; getting ready; general; women; men trapping; women ownership; yield; territory; moccasin game), 51-19 (10 miles; territory; last of March; tools; equipment; trapping--men; women; Scott's Landkng; sugarbushes; Sugar Point; yield; storage; location), *51-24 (sugarbush location; 4-5 families), 63-33 (ling, sugarbush; March), 63-35 (ling, baskets), 63-39 (boiling inside; ling, baskets; straining; crystallizing; last kettle; ling, time it takes; fires; Fred Crow telling metal came in ca 1900), 64-01 (ling, wooden spoon, etc.), 64-04 (ling, log bowl, taffy, paddle, baskets), see also "syrup," "maple sugar time"
maple sugar time 31-34 (territory; finding lost relatives), 63-07 (ling), 63-33 ff (ling, sugarbush; March), 64-01 (ling, wooden spoon; ling, log bowl, taffy, paddle, baskets), see also "maple sugar"
maple trees 31-34 (territory; finding lost relatives), 51-21 (500-1,000 baskets; 4000-8,000), 72-20 (and curing fish), see also "maple sugar" and "maple sugar time"
March 31-10, 63-33
Marken, Jimmy 13-22, 13-29
Marken, Maime Nason 64-11, 71-33
marriage 03-04, 06-32 to 06-36, 06-37 (cousin), 06-38 (polygamy), 06-39, 06-40 (incest), 06-41 (talking), 07-01 (regulations with relatives), 07-02, 07-03 (dodaim), 07-04, 07-05, 07-12 (two brothers ans sisters), 07-13 (death of spouse), 07-14, 07-15 (levirate), 07-16 (advice on partners), 16-26 to 16-31, 27-15, 32-05, 35-28, 49-32, 51-17, 64-34, 64-45, 79-24, see also "intermarriage" and "kinship"
marriage license 10-52
marrow 57-20
martin 75-01
Martin, George 10-73
Masons see "Freemasons"
mating / mating season 61-26, 81-23
mattresses 57-20
mats 31-06, 63-20
"mean" 78-42
meat 05-29 (souring while hunting), 36-28, 71-21
medals 12-17, 12-75
medicine 08-14, 10-02, 10-28, 11-47, 12-55, 12-65, 13-120, 14-42, 14-59, 14-66, 14-80, 14-85, 14-110, 14-136, 16-01 (John Smith), 27-47 (weather), 34-16 (doctors), 35-37, 36-11, 36-13, 36-29, 37-01, 37-10, 37-12, 42-07, 47-08, 49-30, 51-48, 52-03, 52-42, 54-04, 55-02, 55-29, 56-08, 56-14, 59-01, 59-06, 60-05, 60-27, 61-03, 61-29, 61-37, 62-07, 65-24, 68-13, 69-26, 70-22, 70-24, 71-01, 72-01, 72-14, 72-26, 75-16, 76-12, 76-15, 76-20, 76-23, 77-01, 79-29, 79-35, 79-36, 79-37 (bad), 80-02 (drum), 82-16 (frog and), see also "doctoring"
medicine bag 51-08
medicine doctors 02-10, 02-11, 03-09 (song), 03-10 (song), 06-xxx, 07-33 (and drum), 14-26, 14-46, 14-50, 14-55, 14-66, 46-26, 47-03, 47-20, 47-32, 51-23, 52-03 (three doctors), 52-31, 56-01, 56-11, 60-50, 60-28, 65-11, 65-22, 65-23, 65-24, 68-13, 69-15, 69-25, 71-31, 72-06, 76-17, 76-30, 76-31, 77-01, 78-44, 79-29, 79-30, 79-35, 70-37, 80-08, see also "doctors," "jessakid," "spiritual doctors," and "sucking doctors"
"Medicine Man" 46-01, 76-17
meditation / meditating 12-17, 12-32 ff, 13-03, 13-12, 13-96, 13-125 (recording of), 13-133, 31-41, 51-04, 60-26, see also "medicine"
meetings 08-81, 11-12, 20-01, 20-12, 20-27, 20-30, 32-08, 32-11, 43-12, 51-36, 63-19, 73-26, 79-40, 81-13
megis 49-12, 51-03
memory 03-05
mesabi 13-76, 13-79, 42-10, 68-14, 68-39
menstrual houses and ceremonies 06-33, 37-01, 45-12, 54-13, 55-01, 72-05
mermaids 68-03
merry-go-round 08-45, 80-28
messengers / messages 03-09, 08-19, 10-16, 12-22, 13-24, 13-31, 13-32A, 13-41 (with deceased), 14-31, 14-43, 14-50, 27-40, 44-10, 47-02, 51-02, 61-37, 65-09, 76-12, 77-03, 82-12, 82-13
metal 08-04A, 12-04, 63-44, see also "minerals"
meteors 14-48, see also "comets"
Mexico 60-12
Mexicans 09-37, 10-57
Michaude, Charlie 05-31 to 05-36, 08-64, 09-54, 28-05 to 28-09, 45-31, 58-33, 62-01, 80-29
Midewiwin
("Grand Medicine")
03-09 (song), 06-43, 08-17, 08-44, 10-01, 10-09, 10-29, 14-101, 15-11, 21-33, 21-34, 21-35, 25-20, 37-16, 47-08, 47-26, 51-03, 51-39 (scroll), 52-11, 52-46, 55-21, 60-25, 61-04, 65-04, 66-17, 68-20, 69-25, 72-11, 77-05, 79-35, 79-40, 79-46, 82-07
"Midway" 80-31
midwife 36-12, 47-17, see also "doctoring"
migration 49-12 (knew everyone, and camping), 70-08, see also "seasons / seasonal movements," and "moving around"
migration legends 49-12, 60-11
milkweed 61-19, 61-20
Mille Lacs 08-04A, 13-102, 20-26, 27-75 et passim, 42-09, 47-32, 52-14, 65-10, 68-27
mills see "lumber mills"
mind 01-09 (clear), 13-07, 40-09
mineral rights 34-10, 65-13
minerals 12-04, 12-16, see also "metals"
mines 08-85, 08-89, 11-25, 62-04, 65-14, 77-11
Minnesota 13-55, 27-55, 34-15, 73-36, see also "state"
Minnesota Chippewa Tribe 08-50
minnow 66-11
missions 35-06
Mississippi River 01-11 (life at; home), 05-15 (see 13?; mill' deadheads; travel; chanel; steamboats; game; trip), 05-16 (boat; steamboat), 05-17 to 05-20, 05-17 (selling wood), 05-20 (fishing boat; fishing), 27-32 (steamboats; life; fish; travelling; visiting; camp sites), 35-03 (river; living; fish), 43-07 (camps; fish), 66-27 (divisions; hay)
Mississippi Band 08-71, 63-01
Mississippi Forks 67-25, 70-12, 70-19, 76-01, 78-47, see also "Leech and Mississippi Forks" and "Leech River" and "Mississippi River"
Mississippi Rapids 61-27 (bears in camping spot), 66-24 (father's logging camp)
mistakes 01-06, 08-42, 12-xxx, 13-84, 41-24
Mitchell, Jim 08-04A, l0-26, 27-74, 41-06, 49-30, 74-23, 76-14
Mitchell, Johnny 47-37
"mixedbloods" 35-16, 68-33, see also "breed"
moccasin 31-10, 63-32
moccasin drum 79-03, 80-03, see also "drums"
moccasin game 03-12, 03-13, 08-01, 08-52, 13-73, 38-11, 49-29, 51-28, 54-01, 73-01, 79-01, 79-22, 79-27, 80-03 (drum), 81-26, see also "games," "gambling"
moles 40-05, 76-10
money 08-22, 08-50, 09-12, 10-14, 11-37, 12-06 (no charge for meditation), 41-03, 58-24, 58-25, 61-17, 65-28, 66-15, 67-13, 78-09, 78-21, 78-36, 78-37
monsters 15-32, 27-62, 45-21, 62-05
Montgomery Wards 40-10
months 63-33, 71-02
moon 12-14, 12-27, 36-17, 45-27, 52-25, 63-34, 69-08, 71-02, see also "sun," and "light"
moose 31-09, 57-17
moose hide 63-32
Morgan, Cecil 08-33
Morrell, William 13-109, 13-116, 20-02
Morrell, Sandy 45-06, 74-29
Morse, Father 66-21
mosquitoes 79-26
moss 61-15
mother 05-11, 08-34 (Leech Laker), 08-95 (and la crosse), 12-11 (dream), 12-61 (last day, "you're the oldest"), 13-43 (talking to her after death; brothers and mother), 13-47 ("you're the oldest" and last day), *13-109 (life pulling two ways; her youth; oldest son), 17-55 (ling.), 30-15 (dying), 36-06 (story at Leech Lake, and belief), 36-10 (medicine -- fertility -- and birth), 39-14 (dream of mother dying, 1916), *39-25 (seeing someone -- father?), 56-01 (as medicine woman - horse), 57-29 (old place going to heck >> Ball Club), 58-34 ("Who's his mother?"), 63-02 (building shack, 1912, and Nason), 65-24 (Paul Buffalo getting medicine for mother), 65-28 (talking of mother's funeral -- Fred Nason), 66-15 (Paul Buffalo -- 6 years old; mother and food from old days), 66-16 (dream about priest; I remember my mother, 1902; sister >> Catholic), 67-05 (meeting [future step-father] Nason at Portage Lake), 67-36 (Kim S. Roufs in hospital), 68-09 (age of; learning from), 69-04 (responsibilities of a father / mother), 69-22 ("When I first noticed her she was. . . ."), 70-08 (at Leech Lake, with old people), 70-09 (Fred Crow), 70-12 (helping mother with fire; playing), 70-13 (and Nason, and building Bena shack >> Leech Lake), 70-22 (as midwife), 71-21 (travelling around; green meat), 71-33 (doctgoring, was a good person), 71-34 (born and reaised with Indians), 75-01 (dream of mother's death, from 39-14), 75-04 (death -- 1932?), 78-44 (and Paul Buffalo's birth), see also "parents"
mother's dream 12-11
motor 05-13 (boat?), 06-22
mourning 07-13, 07-14, 39-21, 55-03, 75-02, see also "wakes," "funerals," and "burials"
"mouth" 73-25
movies 14-44
moving around 15-30, 51-23 (leaving equipment; oldays were more stationery; sugarbush, half would go), 78-47 (searching for land -- tract -- at White Oak), see also "migration," "wild rice camps," and "seasons and seasonal movements" and individual seasons
mowing machines 66-29, see also "machines / machinery"
Mud Lake 14-32 (black [shadow] spirit man in window; man seeing daughter), 14-90 (general; trip to), 51-21 (food; sugaring), 53-01 (mills; lumbering), 53-17 (hotel), 54-09 (and steam sovel with grandmother), 66-13 (loggers), 66-27 (haying; divisions), 66-28 (divisions), 72-37 (horses in powwow ring), 73-24 (campfire talk), 81-23
Munnell [sp?], Jake 73-35
murdock 61-20
music see "songs"
muskrats 51-30, 51-32, 64-26, 68-11
mu-zaan (wild rice "dust") 64-08
"my Indians" 77-06
myths 14-51, 42-01, 46-21, 60-11, see also "legends," "stories"
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Copyright: © 1997 - 2014 Timothy G. Roufs

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