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Cultural Anthropology
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Tim Roufs

 su2012 calendar [archive]

Week: 01   02   03   04

class slides on-line:
www.d.umn.edu/cla/faculty/troufs/anth1604/caslides.html
(free PowerPoint Viewer 2007)


Wikipedia:

cultural anthropology

Thursday, 27-Nov-2014 13:32:11 GMT
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OWL logo, Online Writing Lab, Purdue University.

    


Phonemics

The study of basic sound units (phonemes)

    • phone = the smallest sound of a language

    • phonemes are sounds that make a difference for meaning in a language
  • phone = “sound”
    • telephone
    • megaphone

  • sounds in language follow a pattern
    • Tzotzil : Tzeltal
    • Bangu : Ngbatu
    • click sounds: !Kung
    • ? in Anishinabe (Chippewa)

  • some languages have only a few basic sounds
    • e.g., Hawaiian

  • others have many more
    • e.g., Kwakiutl

  • rarely are there more than 45 or 50 phonemes

  • no language uses all of the possible phonemes

  • sounds are conventionally divided into vowels and consonants

  • there are classes of sounds
    • stopped
    • nazalized
    • continued (syllabate)
    • trilled

  • “minimal pair”
    • two “utterances” (words) that differ in only one sound

      • pit / bit
        unvoiced / voiced

      • these / those
        unvoiced / voiced

languistics index page

 

 

Neanderthal man: Interbreeding debate continues.

"Neandertal man:
Interbreeding debate
continues
"
BBC

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Homo sapiens neanderthalensis

"Neandertals"

see also
see also
 Archaic Archaeological Stage
  Denisovans
  Archaics
  Homo sapiens heidelbergensis

slides


PBS HomePage:
Neanderthals on Trial

 

Neanderthals
Neandertals


Neandertal child.

"Gibraltar I:
Reconstruction of a
ca
. four-year-old
Neandertal"
PBS

In the News . . .


© 1998 - 2014 Timothy G. Roufs    Envelope: E-mail
Page URL: http:// www.d.umn.edu /cla/faculty/troufs/anth1604/ca-comm-phonemics.html
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