Skip to the Contents  A    B    C    D    E    F    G    H    I    J    K    L    M    N    O    P    Q    R    S    T    U    V    W    X    Y    Z
~ Blenco Search
 
~ Google advanced
 
~ Google scholar
 
~ Google books
 
~ Google images
 
~ Google Translate
 
~ Google URL Shortener
 
Wikipedia
 
Wiktionary
 
The World Fact Book -- CIA
 
BBC News
 
explore the world
-- Lonely Planet
 
UMD Library Main Catalog
Cultural Anthropology
Anthropology in the News

Moodle

HomePage

Tim Roufs

 su2012 calendar [archive]

Week: 01   02   03   04

class slides on-line:
www.d.umn.edu/cla/faculty/troufs/anth1604/caslides.html
(free PowerPoint Viewer 2007)


Wikipedia:

cultural anthropology

Friday, 04-Sep-2015 23:09:50 GMT
Today in History
Today in Headlines
Word of the Day

Babel Fish Translation
~ translate this page

Enlarge Fonts

OWL logo, Online Writing Lab, Purdue University.

    
top of page /\  A-Z index

The study of basic sound units (phonemes)

    • phone = the smallest sound of a language

    • phonemes are sounds that make a difference for meaning in a language
 
  • phone = “sound”
    • telephone
    • megaphone

  • sounds in language follow a pattern
    • Tzotzil : Tzeltal
    • Bangu : Ngbatu
    • click sounds: !Kung
    • ? in Anishinabe (Chippewa)

  • some languages have only a few basic sounds
    • e.g., Hawaiian

  • others have many more
    • e.g., Kwakiutl

  • rarely are there more than 45 or 50 phonemes

  • no language uses all of the possible phonemes

  • sounds are conventionally divided into vowels and consonants

  • there are classes of sounds
    • stopped
    • nazalized
    • continued (syllabate)
    • trilled

  • “minimal pair”
    • two “utterances” (words) that differ in only one sound

      • pit / bit
        unvoiced / voiced

      • these / those
        unvoiced / voiced

languistics index page


In the News . . .



© 1998 - 2015 Timothy G. Roufs    Envelope: E-mail
Page URL: http:// www.d.umn.edu /cla/faculty/troufs/anth1604/ca-comm-phonemics.html
Last Modified 15 August 2015
Site Information / Disclaimers ~ Main A-Z Index


View Stats