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Ancient Middle America

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  map: Mesoamerica and Its Cultural Areas
  Mesoamerica
 Pre-Hispanic Mesoamerica




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Scale of Traits
Present in Mesoamerica
and Neighboring Culture Areas

 
 TRAIT
SOUTHWEST
SOUTHEAST
AMAZONIA
CHIBCHA
ANDEAN
MESOAMERICA
Cultivation X X X X X X
Ceramics X X X X X X
Corn X X X X X X
Beans X X X X X X
Squash X X X X X X
Cotton X   
X X X X
Potato  
X X X X X
Blowgun   
X X X X X
Head Trophies   
X X X X X
Human sacrifice   
X   
X X X
Confession   
X X   
X X
Cannibalism   
X X X   
X
Sweet cassava (manioc)   
 
 X X X X
Chile   
 
 X X X X
Pineapple   
 
 X X X X
Avocado   
 
 X X X X
Papaya   
 
 X X X X
Zapote  
 
 
 X X X X
Spondia   
 
 X X X X
Fattened voiceless dog   
 
 X X X X
Duck   
 
 X X X X
Woven shields   
 
 X X X X
Lances   
 
 X X X X
Metallurgy   
 
 X X X X
Roads paved with stone   
 
 X X X X
Markets   
 
 
 X X X X
Cultivation done by men X   
 
 X X X
Construction of stone or clay X  
 
 
 X X X
Sandals X   
 
 X X X
Terracing for cultivation  
 
 
 
  X X X
Hanging bridges   
 
 
  X X X
Gourd rafts   
 
 
  X X X
Clans of calpulli-ayllu type   
 
 
 
   X X
Removing heart from living persons   
 
 
 
   X X
Sprinkling sanctuaries with blood   
 
 
 
   X X
Basketwork blowing fan   
 
 X  
 
 
 X
Plates for cooking bread  
 
 
 X  
 
 
 X
Game with rubber ball   
 
 X   
 
 X
Wooden drum with languettes   
 
 X   
 
 X
Drinking ground-up bones of deceased relatives X X   
 
 
 
   Matrilineal clans X X   
 
 
 
   Poisoned weapons X X X  
 
 
 
  Palm trees X   
X X   
 
 Adornment of edge of ear X X X   
X  
 
Cocoa X  
 
X X X  
 

Adapted from Kirchhoff, Paul. "Meso-America," in Heritage of Conquest, Sol Tax, ed., pp. 17-30. Glencoe, Illinois, 1952.

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