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Culture and Personality
(Psychological Anthropology)


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Major Schools and Approaches
of
Psychological Anthropology

After Philip K. Bock. Rethinking Psychological Anthropology, Second Ed.
(Long Grove, IL: Waveland, 1999), p. 47.

Culture-Personality Relations

 

School
Approach and Dates
Leading Figures
     
Psychoanalytic anthropology
Orthodox
(1910 - )
Freud, Róheim, Flügel, Ferenczi
 
 
Later Freudian
(1930 - )
Fromm, Erickson, Bettelheim, LaBarre, Devereux
     
     
Culture and personality
Configurationalist
(1920-1940)
Benedict, Sapir, M. Mead, Barnouw, Hallowell
   
 
Basic and modal personality
(1935-1955)
Kardiner, Linton, DuBois, Wallace, Gladwin
     
 
Cross-cultural
(1950 - )
Whiting, Spiro, LeVine, Spindler, Edgerton, Munroe, D'Andrade
     
     
Social structure and personality
Materialist
(1848 - )
Marx, Engels, Bukharin, Godelier
     
 
Positionalist
(1890- )

Veblen, Weber, Merton

     
 
Interactionalist
(1930 - )
G. H. Mead, Goffman, Garfinkle
     
     
Cognitive anthropology
Primitive mentality
(1879 - )
Tylor, Lévy-Bruhl, Boas, Lévy-Stauss
     
 
Developmental
(1920 - )
Piaget, Cole, Price-Williams, Witkin
     
 
Ethnosemantic
(1960- )
Conklin, Frake, Kay, Berlin, Hunn
     

After Philip K. Bock. Rethinking Psychological Anthropology, Second Ed.
(Long Grove, IL: Waveland, 1999), p. 47.


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