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 Anthropology of Food
Sunday, 23 November 2014, 10:34 (10:34 AM) CST, day 327 of 2014
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Chili Pepper

(chili)

cf., Spices

Large Cayenne.

Large Cayenne

Wikipedia

 

 

Naga Jolokia pepper.

Naga Jolokia
(naga morich, bhut jolokia),
the Bangladeshi chili tested hottest in the world at 1,040,000 Scoville Units. Moche Culture

 

The Red Savina pepper

The Red Savina pepper, one of the hottest chilis, is rated at 580,000 Scoville Units. Only the Naga Jolokia is hotter.

chili
VARIANT FORMS:   also chil·e or chil·li
NOUN:   Inflected forms: pl. chil·ies also chil·es or chil·lies
1. The pungent fresh or dried fruit of any of several cultivated varieties of capsicum, used especially as a flavoring in cooking. Also called chili pepper. 2. Chili con carne.
ETYMOLOGY:   Spanish chile, from Nahuatl chilli.
     
The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition. Copyright © 2000 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by the Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.

Google Search: Society > Food > Condiments > Sauces > Hot and Pepper > Chile Peppers

Wikipedia:

Chili pepper
Scoville scale

search chili on JSTOR

 

A Bell Pepper has a Scoville rating of zero.

A Bell Pepper
has a Scoville rating of zero

 

In the News . . .
 
Scoville scale

Source: Wikipedia -- Scoville scale

Scoville rating Type of pepper
15,000,000–16,000,000 Pure capsaicin
8,600,000-9,100,000 Various capsaicinoids, such as homocapsaicin, homodihydrocapsaicin, and nordihydrocapsaicin
2,000,000–5,300,000 Standard U.S. Grade pepper spray, FN 303 irritant ammunition
1,176,182 "Infinity Chilli" -- 'Record-breaking' chilli is hot news -- BBC News (18 February 2011)
855,000–1,041,427 Naga Jolokia
350,000–580,000 Red Savina Habanero
100,000–350,000 Habanero chili, Scotch Bonnet Pepper
100,000–350,000 Datil pepper, Capsicum chinense
100,000–200,000 Rocoto, Jamaican Hot Pepper, African Birdseye
50,000–100,000 Thai Pepper, Malagueta Pepper, Chiltepin Pepper, Pequin Pepper
30,000–50,000 Cayenne Pepper, Ají pepper, Tabasco pepper, some Chipotle peppers
10,000–23,000 Serrano Pepper, some Chipotle peppers
4,500–5,000 New Mexican varieties of Anaheim pepper, Hungarian Wax Pepper
2,500–8,000 Jalapeño Pepper, Guajillo pepper
1,500–2,500 Rocotillo Pepper
1,000–1,500 Poblano Pepper
500–2,500 Anaheim pepper
100–500 Pimento, Pepperoncini
0 No heat, Bell pepper

 

Cubanelle Peppers.

Cubanelle Peppers
Wikipedia

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