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Conduct Process

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Hearing: an educational conversation about an incident or complaint.
Informal Hearing
Formal Hearing
Appeals Process
Student Rights

Conduct Language Guide

Complainant: the individual who reported prohibited conduct under the Board of Regents: Student Conduct Code. The University may also act as the complainant.
Respondent: the individual(s) or organization who is alleged to have engaged in conduct that could constitute prohibited conduct under the Board of Regents:  Student Conduct Code.
Advisor:  the individual who advises the complainant or respondent, as permitted by campus procedures, through the disciplinary process. An advisor may be an attorney, union representative, advocate, support person, or any other individual of the student’s choosing with the exception of those who are witnesses with information about facts material to the underlying case.  In cases of Sexual Misconduct please refer to Roles and Responsibilities of Advisors.
Witness:  individuals with information about facts material to the underlying case.  Character witnesses are generally not allowed.
Charge: a subdivision of the Student Conduct Code allegedly violated.
Hearing: an educational conversation about an incident or complaint.
Sanction: the outcome of a determination of responsibility.


The Office of Student Conduct & Conflict Resolution (OSCCR) will facilitate a prompt, fair, and impartial process from the initial report/referral to the final result. The process is conducted by officials who do not have a conflict of interest or bias against the parties involved. Reports concerning student behavior are made by faculty, staff, students, UMDPD and DPD.  When a report is received, if the information in the report suggests a possible violation of the Student Conduct Code, a hearing officer is assigned the case.  In some cases, more information is needed and OSCCR will conduct an investigation, including interviews with any relevant parties, before beginning the conduct process.  OSCCR encourages informal resolution of student conduct cases.  OSCCR contacts the Respondent via UMD e-mail with fair and timely notice of the allegations, and a meeting request to begin the first level of possible resolution.  The student conduct process is comprised of the following three levels, described below.  At every level, the standard of review used for decision-making is preponderance of the evidence.

Informal Hearing
Formal Hearing
Appeals Process

Conduct process map

Informal Hearing:

During the administrative meeting, the incident report and the rights and responsibilities of the respondent are reviewed. Questions regarding the conduct process are answered. A respondent may then:

Accept informal resolution and request the hearing officer take appropriate action.
Reject informal resolution and invoke their right to a formal hearing with the Student Hearing Panel.

If during the administrating hearing, the hearing officer finds that no violation of the Student Conduct Code occurred, no further action will be taken and the case will be closed.

NOTE: A student may take up to five calendar days to accept or reject the informal resolution offered in the administrative meeting. At the expiration of five calendar days, any lack of response will be deemed an acceptance of the resolution.

NOTE: Failure to attend an administrative meeting may result in (1) a hold being placed on the respondent’s account, and/or (2) a decision rendered in the respondent's absence.

Formal Hearing:

The Student Hearing Panel (SHP) is the formal hearing body at UMD. SHP assists in implementing the Board of Regents: Student Conduct Code. SHP is comprised of trained students, staff, and faculty. Members are appointed by OSCCR. This is done through referrals and selection with appointments made for a semester or longer, as well as ad-hoc. The hearing panel is chosen for each hearing based on its availability in scheduling. The chairperson may be a student, staff, or faculty. The Director for The Office of Student Conduct & Conflict Resolution, or designee, serves as an advisor to SHP in order to provide procedural clarity and direction but is not a participating member in the deliberations.

If a student invokes their right to a formal hearing, the case will be referred to SHP. The accused student has the right to:

  • Hear a summary of the allegations;
  • Timely and equal access to information used in the hearing;
  • Present their own response, including calling witnesses;
  • Be accompanied by up to two advisors in a non-participatory role;
  • Question participants and information presented;
  • Receive written notice of the hearing committee’s decision;
  • Appeal, if responsibility is determined, and if there are grounds for an appeal. 

A fair and timely notice of hearing will be provided to the complainant and respondent in advance of the hearing. The hearing is closed. Parties may have up to two advisors present during the hearing, but these advisors cannot actively participate in the hearing process.  Advisors may be an attorney,  advocate, support person, or any other individual of the student’s choosing with the exception of those who are witnesses with information about facts material to the underlying case.  

The respondent may choose not to appear at the hearing, but the hearing will be held in the respondent’s absence. 

The respondent is expected to provide the hearing panel with the following at least 24 hours prior to the hearing: any material, the names of witnesses, if any, as well as the parties intentions relative to appearing/participating in the hearing and the names of advisors, if any, and a description of their relationship to the advisor.

Respondents & Complainants can use this form to help prepare for a SHP.  For more information on Formal Hearings click here.

The panel determines a finding of not responsible or responsible with appropriate sanctions. The Student Hearing Panel has autonomy in their decisions, through expulsion.

Appeals Process:

After a decision is made by the hearing officer or Student Hearing Panel, the respondent has the right to file an appeal. In cases of sexual assault and sexual misconduct, both the complainant and respondent have the right to an appeal. Appellate review generally is a review of the record to determine whether a serious error occurred in the original proceeding that resulted in unfairness. Appellate review respects the credibility judgments of the hearing body, and respects the hearing body's determinations as long as there is evidence to reasonably support them. The Student Appeals Panel (SAP) is responsible for making a deliberative judgment regarding the specific grounds appealed - not to rehear the complaint. The hearing panel may uphold, reduce, or increase the sanctions imposed by the prior hearing party.

Appeals must be made in writing within 5 week days of the date of the outcome letter using the appeal petition. Appeals may be based on the following grounds:

  • New information became available that was not known at the time of the hearing;
  • A major procedural error was made, or;
  • The sanction assigned was inconsistent with current sanctioning.

Once an appeal has been received by OSCCR, in cases of sexual misconduct, the remaining party (Complainant or Respondent) has the opportunity to submit a written response within 5 (five) weekdays.  The appeal petition and responses are shared with both parties. 

The Student Appeals Panel will convene to review the appeal.  To decide an appeal, the appellate body reviews the written appeal submitted by the appellant,  (in sexual misconduct cases, any written responses) and may review any or all portions of the record as appropriate to decide the appeal. The panel may uphold, reduce or increase sanctions imposed by the prior hearing party or remand the case to be heard by a new hearing body. The Student Experiences Committee administers the appeals process and the Committee has the authority to appoint additional appellate body members from the campus community to serve on SAP per UMD Shared Governance Bylaws.  There is one campus-wide appeal of a finding of a violation.

Student Rights:

The University will protect the rights of all parties involved to the best of its ability. The rights of parties involved include, but are not limited to, the following:

Shared Rights. All parties have the right to:

  • have the incident taken seriously and be treated with care and dignity,
  • have up to two advisors who act in a non-participatory role with you during all meetings or hearings,
  • receive referrals and resources as appropriate,
  • have the report investigated and responded to in a timely manner, and
  • an opportunity to share your perspective on the incident.

Respondents have the right to:

  • be provided a summary of the allegations,
  • be informed that you may appeal a sanction imposed by the hearing party, and
  • have their case reviewed by the Student Appeals Panel.

Complainants have the right to:

  • not be coerced into filing a formal police report,
  • be informed of the outcome of any disciplinary proceeding against the respondent (sexual misconduct, or violence situations only),
  • receive information on victim/survivor advocate support,
  • be notified of options/accommodations for changing academic and living situations, (sexual misconduct, or violence situations only) and
  • appeal the decision of the hearing party (sexual misconduct cases only).

Outcome of charges

Outcomes of charges are communicated to the student via UMD e-mail.  


A sanction is the outcome of a determination of responsibility. In most cases, two sanctions are issued. First, a status-based sanction is decided. This could include a warning, probation, suspension, or expulsion. Then, an educational sanction is decided. Educational sanctions are unique to each case and attempt to best suit each individual's needs.  A full range of possible sanctions is provided in the University of Minnesota Board of Regents Student Conduct Code.


Students in the student conduct process are afforded privacy in accordance with state and federal laws.  Student conduct records are considered student education records which are handled in accordance with this System policy.