GIS and Biology
Habitat encroachment and loss, invasive species, and wildlife can all be monitored and managed using GIS. In addition, GIS is also used by biologists to study endangered species, inventory habitats, correlate species with their geographic region, track changes over time, and study the results of conservation practices and policies.
Following are recent examples of how GIS is integrated into various aspects of the field of Biology:
- GIS is being used to plan, design and implement wildlife corridors. Various tools in ArcGIS have been developed specifically for creating corridor and habitat models
- The Wildlife Conservation Society uses GIS to study Patagonian Sea ecosystems, helping improve the understanding of these waters and work towards better preservation of these unique ecosystems
- Conservation International is creating GIS tools to monitor, manage, and prioritize the potential environmental risks that accompany economic development
- The Woods Hole Research Center is using GIS to study biomass and carbon in U.S. forests