There are two main exam paths for Actuaries. The first is toward an FSA designation as a member of the SOA. The second is toward an FCAS designation as member of the CAS. SOA actuaries tend to work in life, consulting, pension, or retirement. CAS members tend to work in property and casualty.
Each of these paths require passing Exams P, FM, and MFE as well as the VEE, but then they separate. :
Obtaining the FSA designation requires first obtaining the ASA designation, either through the normal ASA path or CERA path.
Details on how to obtain FSA beyond the preliminary exams and VEE can be found at https://www.soa.org/education/exam-req/edu-asa-req.aspx
Obtaining the FCAS designation requires first obtaining the ACAS designation. There is also a CERA designation for the CAS, although its acquirement differs from the SOA.
Details on how to obtain CAS beyond the preliminary exams and VEE can be found at http://www.casact.org/admissions/process/