Retention Framework


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The Strategic Enrollment Management (SEM) subcommittee endorses the Framework for Student Retention, (the 4Pros) as a tool for identifying actions leading to improved student success.

UMD 4 Pros Framework for Retention

Learn more about each of the four framework goals by selecting the following links: 
Profile | Progress | Process | Promise  

Campus-level measures are included for each goal and guiding questions are provided to direct opportunities for investigation at program, unit, and/or campus levels.  Many of the guiding questions reference all students. This is a foundational aspect of the framework as it seeks to engage and support all students in fully experiencing UMD's mission and values. Strategy examples are also shared for guidance but are not intended to limit potential initiatives.

Programs/units are encouraged to begin their retention conversation by selecting one of the four goal areas and focusing on a question or two related to that goal. The current SEM Action Plan (released summer 2016) includes action items already underway.

High impact practices (HIPs), which are referenced within the framework, are associated with deep learning and self-reported gains.


Learn about the HIPs associated with student learning and persistence
Additional information available at AACU

SEM subcommittee charges the campus community with using the 4 Pros framework to identify action steps to enhance undergraduate student success. See the SEM Action Plan for Student Retention for examples.  Action items can be at the course, program, department, unit, or campus level. 

Use the online form to submit action items. Submissions using this form represent what action you and/or your program are planning to undertake to support student success. This is not intended to serve as a tool for brainstorming what other areas should do. Action items already underway may also be added to the action plan. Use the online form to share this information.

The 4P's strategy was developed at DePaul University. UMD's framework was adapted from that strategy using the source: Kalsbeek, David. H. 2013. Reframing Retention Strategy for Institutional Improvement, New Directions in Higher Education, no 161.San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.

Kalsbeek references UMD's 30-60-90 Roadmap as a best practice in supporting student progress.

Additional sourceStudent Success Strategy Map, University of Minnesota Duluth, July 2014 edition.