Center for Regional & Tribal Child Welfare Studies

Racial Identity Development

Alvarez, A. N. (2002). Racial identity and Asian Americans: Supports and challenges. New Directions for Studesnt Services, 97,33-43.

Behrens, J. T., LaFleur, N. K., & Leach, M. M. (2002). White racial identity and white racial consciousness: Similarities, differences, and recommendations. Journal of Multicultural Counseling and Development, 30(2), 66-80.

Betancourt, J.R., Green, A.R., Carrillo, J.E., & Ananeh-Firempong II, O. (2003). Defining cultural competence: A practical framework for addressing racial/ethnic disparities in health and health care. Public Health Reports, 118, 293-302.

Bennett, J.M., & Bennett, M.J. (2004). Developing intercultural sensitivity: An integrative approach to global and domestic diversity. Handbook of Intercultural Training, 3rd ed., 2004, p. 147-165

Burnette, E. (1997). Talking openly about race thwarts racism in children. APA Monitor, 28(6), 6.

The Bray Native American Border Community Racial Identity Development (RID) Model.

Daniels, J.A. (2001). Conceptualizing a case of indirect racism using the white racial identity development modelJournal of Mental Health Counseling, 23(3), 256.

Helms, J. (1995). An update of Helm's white and people of color racial identity models. Handbook of Multicultural Counseling, 181-198.

Herring, R. (1995). Developing biracial ethnic identity: A review of the increasing dilemmaThe Journal of Multicultural Counseling and Development, 23(1), 29.

Kerwin, C., & Ponterotto, J. (1995). Biracial identity development. Handbook of Multicultural Counseling. 199-217.

McDermott, M., & Samson, F. L. (2005). White racial and ethnic identity in the United StatesAnnual Review of Sociology, 31,245-261.

Ponterotto, J., & Pedersen, P. (1993/2006). Minority identity development and prejudice prevention. Preventing Prejudice. A Guide for Counselors and Educators. 39-62.

Poston, W.S. C. (1990). The biracial identity development model: A needed addition. Journal of Counseling & Development, 69(2), 152.

Rockquemore, K. A. (2002). Negotiating the color line: The gendered process of racial identity construction among black/white biracial women. Gender & Society, 16(4), 485-503.

Tatum, B. D. (1992). Talking about race, learning about racism: The application of racial identity development theory in the classroom. Harvard Educational Review, 62(1), 1-24.




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