The following definitions may help clarify common issues.
Affirmative Action: Any action that is intended to correct effects
of past discrimination, to eliminate present discrimination, or to prevent
discrimination in the future.
Affirmative Recruitment: Special recruitment efforts undertaken
to assure that qualified minorities and women are well represented in
the applicant pools for positions in which they have been excluded or
substantially underutilized. Such efforts may include contacting organizations
and media with known constituencies of minorities or women, and similar
actions. Open job posting and advertising and "Equal Opportunity
Employer" statements may be necessary in many situations simply as
a matter of non-discrimination, rather than as measures of affirmative
Equal Employment Opportunity
(EEO): A system of employment practices under which individuals
are not excluded from any participation, advancement, or benefits because
of their race, color, religion, sex, national origin, or other factor
that cannot lawfully be the basis for employment actions. An employment
system in which neither intentional nor unintentional discrimination operates.