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The ADA prohibits employers from asking pre-employment questions about disabilities and physical conditions unless the questions directly relate to "essential job functions." You can only ask for job-related disability information after you make a conditional offer of employment. Other laws, such as the Civil Rights Act of 1964 and the Age Discrimination Employment Act, also affect the types of pre-employment questions that employers may ask.
The same questions must be asked of all applicants. Examples of questions that you may ask include:
For information about Disabled Applicant and Reasonable Accommodation, Disability Services Information.