2015. "Production Efficiency and the Extensive Margins of U.S. Exporters: An Industry Level Analysis" Open Economies Review, Forthcoming. (Accepted March 13, 2015). Co-Authors:Roger White and Elias K. Shukralla)
Abstract: Using data from 85 NAICS 4 digit-level industry classifications that span the years 2004-2008, we evaluate whether productivity differentials, which have been shown to determine the decision of firms to export, affect the extensive margins of trade at the industry-level (i.e., the number of firms within an industry that engage in exporting). We use a stochastic frontier production function to derive a time-varying, industry-specific measure of technical efficiency. Employing a multi-level mixed effects model and accounting for the variance structure of the data (i.e., destination markets, industries, and time), we examine the average effect of an increase in industry-specific technical efficiency on the number of firms involved in exporting and the corresponding industry-specific deviations. Our results show that higher levels of industry-specific technical efficiency correspond with larger numbers of firms involved in exporting implying the importance of giving due consideration to approaches that focus on improving technical efficiency. Additionally, a much larger increase is observed among small-sized firms than for medium- or large-sized firms. We discuss the implications of the observed deviations, particularly for policy makers interested in increasing the extensive margins of their nations’ trade.
Immigrants Reduce Bilateral trade Costs? An Empirical Test" Applied Economics Letters, Forthcoming (Accepted December 13,
2014). Co-Author: Roger
White (Whittier College, Whittier, CA)
African Immigrants Enhance Their Home Nations’ Trade With Their Hosts?"
The Journal of Developing Areas,
47(2):199-228. (Accepted December 1, 2012). Co-Author: Roger White (Franklin and
Marshal College, Lancaster, PA)
2013. "The Impact of Foreign Direct Investment on Horizontal Export Diversification: Empirical Evidence," Applied Economics, 45(2):141-159. (Accepted June 3, 2011). Co-Author: Elias K. Shukralla (Siena College, Albany, NY)
2012. "Do Immigrants Enhance International Trade in Services? The Case of US Tourism Services Exports," International Journal of Tourism Research, 14(6):576-585 (Accepted May 1, 2010).Co-Author: Roger White, Franklin and Marshall College, Lancaster, PA.
2011. "Tourism and Economic Growth in Latin American Countries (LAC): Further Empirical Evidence"; Tourism Economics, 17(6):1365-1373. (Accepted June 6, 2010). Co-Author: Fayissa, B.(Middle Tennessee State University, Mufreesbro, TN) and Nsiah, C(Black Hills State University, Spearfish, SD)
2011 (Book). International Migration and Economic Integration: Understanding the Immigrant-Trade Link, with Roger White, Edward Elgar Publishing: Cheltenham, UK and Northampton, MA, USA.
2011."Emigrant Effects on Bilateral Trade: Reexamining the Immigrant-Trade Link from the Home Country Perspective" Eastern Economic Journal, 37(2): 289-310.Co-Author: Roger White, Franklin and Marshall College, Lancaster, PA
2010. "The Effects of Refugee and Non-refugee Immigrants on US Trade with their Home Countries," The Journal of International Trade and Economic Development, 19(2):289-317. Co-Author: Roger White, Franklin and Marshall College, Lancaster, PA
2010. Does Cultural Distance Hinder Trade in Goods? A Comparative Study of Nine OECD Member Nations", Open Economies Review 21(2):237-261. Co-Author: Roger White, Franklin and Marshall College, Lancaster, PA
2010. "Cultural Distance as a Determinant of Bilateral Trade Flows: Do Immigrants Counter the Effect of Cultural Differences?" Applied Economics Letters, 17(2):147-152. Co-Author: Roger White, Franklin and Marshall College, Lancaster, PA
2009 (Book). Foreign direct Investment, Trade and Exchange rate Volatility, Lap Lambert Publishers, ISBN 978-3-8383-1491-4, Paperback, 172 pages.
Description: The desire of firms to enhance their global presence, diversify their production and the interest of policymakers to augment domestic production with more efficient foreign technology has contributed to a surge in the cross border flow of capital. By taking into account market characteristics such as market maturity and export platform status of Japanese FDI hosts during the 1990s, this dissertation examines the link between FDI, trade and exchange rate volatility. More specifically, the following questions are addressed: What induces multinational firms to reach diverse destinations? Which of the host country characteristics attract investing firms most? Are trade flows among partners related to the volume of FDI flows between them? What does the geographical distribution of FDI reflect: efficiency, technological advances, or liberalization of trade and FDI policies? Given the diminishing role of the traditional FDI driving factors (such as factor abundance and cheap labor), to what extent do market maturity, export platform status and size of the host nations matter in determining the inflow of FDI?
2009. (Book Chapter) Cultural Diversity, Immigration and International Trade: An Empirical of the Relationship in Nine OECD Host Countries: In Cultural Diversity: Issues, Challenges and Perspectives. Nova Science Publishers: Hauppauge, NY). Co-Author Roger White, Franklin and Marshall College, Lancaster, PA
2009. "Volatility in Exchange Rate Components and the Volume of International Trade," The Journal of International Trade, 23(2):110-141
2008. "Immigrants, Cultural Distance and U.S. State-Level Exports of Cultural Products," The North American Journal of Economics and Finance,19(3):331-338. Co-Author Roger White, Franklin and Marshall College, Lancaster, PA
2008. "The Impact of Tourism on Economic Growth and Development in Africa," Tourism Economics, 14(4):807-818
2008. "Do Immigrants Counter the Effect of Cultural Distance on Trade? Evidence from U.S. State Level Exports," The Journal of Socio-Economics, 37(6):2304-2318. Co-Author: Roger White, Franklin and Marshall College, Lancaster, PA
2008. "The Impact of African Growth and Opportunity Act (AGOA) on U.S. Imports from Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA)," The Journal of International Development, 20(7):920-941
2008. "Social Capital and Self-Rated Health: Results from the US 2006 Social Capital Survey of One Community", Journal of Social Science & Medicine, 67(4):606-61
Abstract: Using data from the 2006 Social Capital Community Survey in Duluth, Minnesota, and Superior, Wisconsin, USA, we investigate associations between individual social capital measures (attitudes on trust, formal group involvement, informal socializing, organized group interaction, social support and volunteer activity) and self-rated health after controlling for individual and economic characteristics. In particular, we address issues of social capital as an endogenous determinant of self-reported health using instrumental variables probit estimation. After accounting for the endogeneity of these various measures of individual social capital, we find that individual social capital is a significant predictor of self-rated health.
2008. "Culutral Distance and the US Immigrant-Trade Link, The World Economy," 31(8): 1078-1096. Co-Author: Roger White, Franklin and Marshall College, Lancaster, PA
Abstract: Using data from the World and the European Values Surveys, we estimate cultural distances between the US and 54 immigrant home countries and examine the influence of cultural distance and immigrant populations on US-home country trade for the years 1997-2004. Our study indicates that the trade-enhancing effect of immigrants partially offsets the trade-inhibiting effect of cultural distance. Further, decomposing our measure of cultural distance and revisiting the immigrant-trade relationship, we find significant variation in the extent to which immigrants counter the trade-inhibiting influences of underlying dimensions of culture on imports and exports. Our findings have the implication that by countering the trade-inhibiting influences of cultural differences between their home and host countries, immigrants exert pro-development effects.
2008. Does a Unilateral Policy Change Promote Export? The Case of African Growth and Opportunity Act," Review of Developement and Cooperation, 2(1):87-104. With Bichaka Fayissa,Middle Tennesse State University, TN)
Abstract: Employing data for Italy and 68 trade partners that span the period 1996-2001, we examine the role of immigrants in influencing Italian exports to and imports from their respective home countries. Particular emphasis is placed on variation in the immigrant-trade relationship across Former Soviet Republic (FSR) and Post-Communist (PCOM) home country classifications relative to immigrants from non-FSR and non-PCOM home countries. The findings provide information that may assist in policy formulation and lead to more enlightened public and political debates of the issue. Immigrants are generally found to exert pro-trade influences; however, the typical immigrant from an FSR or PCOM home country exerts greater absolute influences on Italian-home country trade as compared to immigrants from non-FSR and non-PCOM home countries.
2007. "East-West Migration and The Immigrant-Trade Link: Evidence From Italy," The Romanian Journal of European Studies. With Roger White, Franklin and Marshall College, Lancaster, PA
Abstract: Employing data for Italy and 68 trade partners that span the period 1996-2001, we examine the role of immigrants in influencing Italian exports to and imports from their respective home countries. Particular emphasis is placed on variation in the immigrant-trade relationship across Former Soviet Republic and Post-Communist country classifications relative to immigrants from non- and non- countries. The findings provide information that may assist in policy formulation and lead to more enlightened public and political debates of the issue. Immigrants are generally found to exert pro-trade influences, with proportional immigrant effects being somewhat comparable across home country classifications. However, estimated per-immigrant effects, in absolute terms, of immigrants from or countries are greater in magnitude as compared to the effects of immigrants from non- and non-countries.
2007. "Immigration Policy, Cultural Pluralism and Trade: Evidence from the White Australia Policy," Pacific Economic Review, 14(4):489-510. With Roger White, Franklin and Marshall College, Lancaster, PA
Abstract: We examine a potential immigrant-trade link for Australia using data for 101 trading partners that span the years 1991-2000. We report that immigrants from nations privy to preferential treatment under the White Australia policy have negligible effects on Australian trade. However, immigrants from nations that, historically, were not afforded preferences typically increase exports to and imports from their respective home countries by $1,887 and $865, respectively. This suggests immigration that increases cultural pluralism may positively influence trade. Immigrants increase trade in differentiated products to a greater extent than trade in homogenous products. Similarly, with respect to non-manufacturing products, immigrants tend to increase exports more than imports. However, when considering the influence of immigrants on trade in manufacturing products we see that imports increase more than exports.
2005. Export Platforms, Industry Specific FDI and the FDI-Trade Relationship: Journal of Economic Integration. With Ryan, Michael, Western Michigan University, Kalamazoo, MI.
2004. Host Market Characteristics, FDI and the FDI-Trade Relationship. The Journal of International Trade and Development Economics. With Michael Ryan, Western Michigan University, Kalamazoo, MI.
2002. Empirical Analysis of the Determinants of Demand for Children in Jimma City, Ethiopia: An Application of Count Data Model. Eastern Africa Social Science Research Review. With Sisay Asefa, Western Michigan University, Kalamazoo, MI
1999. Anthropogenic Determinants of Success in Agricultural Education: The Case of Jimma College of Agriculture, Ethiopia. Eastern Africa Social Science Research.
Abstract: Using cross-section data on urban households from Jimma city, Southwestern Ethiopia, in this paper we apply the economic theory of consumer choice and examine some endogenous household characteristics that affect the demand for children among urban households in Ethiopia. Based on parameter estimates derived from a count data model, we also simulate the average number of children desired by a woman of median urban household characteristics and assess the extent to which an exogenously set population policy goal of lower fertility can be achieved. The results of our study indicate that enhancing paternal and maternal education, altering the economic value of children, increasing household income, and delaying the marriage age as important policy measures that should be pursued to reduce fertility. Institutional approaches that involve “faith-based initiatives” are also relevant. An important implication of the study is that by using measures that target these socio-economic variables via market incentives, fertility levels among urban households in Jimma and other urban areas of Ethiopia with similar demographic features can be reduced.
2002. What Should Be Done to Enhance Maize Technology Adoption in Orormia? Some Strategy Options: The Journal of Oromo Studies
1998. Measuring Inequality: An Experience using Indian Data. Ethiopian Journal of Economics
1997. Technical Efficiency in Paddy Farms of Tamil Nadu: An Analysis Based on Farm Size and Ecological Zone, Agricultural Economics. With Krishnamoorthy, A., Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, Coimbatore, India
1996. Determinants of the Household Probability to Cross the Poverty Line: An Application of Tobit Analysis, Journal of Rural Development