ENGLISH 5444: Childhood in History, Literature and Culture
Dr. Sigler

EARLY THEORETICAL MODELS OF CHILDHOOD


Augustinian
(Puritans,17th Century)
Educationalist
(Locke,18th Century)
Natural Educationalist (Rousseau,18th-19th Centuries)

Nature Of Child
innately corrupt, sinful/animal nature (self-will) must be overcome or constrained  blank slate (tabula rasa), neither good nor evil; child needs to be constructed, imprinted innately pure/wise; innate "childlikeness" (self-will) needs to be developed, protected from social institutions

Mode Of Instruction
discipline though physical constraint, punishment  directive control through reason and intellect; "instruction and delight" non-directive; "well-regulated liberty"

Objectives 
spiritual intellectual, moral emotional/psychological, moral