Educ 1100 Human Diversity & PEA 299 Intercultural Understanding and Competence: Spring 2004 - Vaxjo University: Kajsa Higgins & Helen Mongan-Rallis

1100 Syllabus|Schedule|Assignments|Resources

Human Diversity Readings

  1. McIntosh, P. (1989). White Privilege: Unpacking the Invisible Knapsack. in Peach and Freedom. Julu/August 1989, 10-12. [copy of article - scanned and in readings folder]

Online resources:

  1. Teaching Tolerance:

Poverty issues:

  1. Public Attitudes Toward Low-Income families and Children. ( (2 articles linked from this page)
  2. Employment Alone is Not Enough for America's Low-Income Children and Families. Living at the Edge:Research Brief No.1 by Nancy K. Cauthen and Hsien-Hen Lu (2003). National Center for Children in Poverty, Columbia University. ( Download as an 11 page pdf.

Bilingual/ELL issues:

  1. A National Study of School Effectiveness for Language Minority Students' Long-Term Academic Achievement: Final Report Executive Summary. by Wayne P. Thomas and Virginia P. Collier (CREDE) ( Especially focus on last section of this report summary on Major Policy Implications.
  2. Brain Research: Implications for Second Language Learning
  3. Teaching Language Minority Students in Elementary Schools by Jana Echevarria (Ed). California State University, Long Beach. December 1998. ( Based on CREDE's Five Standards for Effective Teaching and Learning, this article focuses on language development (standard II) to illustrate how teaches can apply that standard in their instruction with English Language. Overviews some basic steps teachers can take to facilitate the students' language development.
  4. Teaching Secondary Language Minority Students by Jana Echevarria and Claude Goldenberg, California State University, Long Beach. October 1999 ( Similar to the article above for elementary students, this one is on language and academic development for ELL at the secondary level.
  5. Bilingual Education Resources (> Variety of articles including: Bilingual Education is a Civil and Human Right; Leaving English Learners Behind; Does Bilingual Ed Work? Bilingual Education: A Goal for All Children; Bilingual Education Works; Raising Children's Cultural Voices; A History of Bilingual Education.

Unequal Education

  1. The Return to Separate and Unequal ( You can download the full report from here or an executive summary. Describes how Milwaukee area schools have become separate and unequal.
  2. Bush's No Child Left Behind Act. ( Provides links to a variety of articles about implications of NCLB.


  1. International approaches to anti-racism education. Racism No Way - Working Together ( Looks at anti-racism work in Australia, UK, USA. Very important reading to lay foundation as it looks at similarities and historical underpinnings across these countries.

1100 Syllabus|Schedule|Assignments|Resources