Stage Two: Encountering
Stage Three: Immersion/Emersion
Stage Four: Internalization
Stage Five: Synthesis/Commitment
Silence: few openly "out” role models; little sense of lesbian and gay history/culture; invisibility of gay/lesbian contributions to history
Lies: distorted Images and stereotypes/myths by news media, church, TV/films; lack of accurate/responsible research.
Isolation: without the freedom to gather or be open, gays and lesbians cannot easily share ideas and strategize ways to combat heterosexism and homophobic oppression
Intimidation: as lesbians and gays become more open, society becomes more overt: in ridiculing, jokes, legal threats of attack, prison, blackmail, custody battles, job loss, eviction.
Physical violence: assaults; rape; murder; electro shock therapy
Denial of basic civil rights: employment; housing; child custody; freedom of association/assembly; freedom of speech.