2014 Sensory Physiology

Complex processing

Critical Fact Icon
Series processing
Series processing refers to information that is passed in an ascending manner, from one neuron to the next within a specific pathway.
  • in this diagram, from first order neuron to second order neuron, etc.

This type of processing is a fundamental component of the labelled line theory of sensory coding.

Divergence

However, sensory information can also be expanded from the primary sensory pathway into multiple, parallel processing routes.

  • e.g., in the auditory system, the auditory nerve branches within the cochlear nucleus to form 3 separate tonotopic maps
  • nociceptive pathways branch to activate autonomic and emotional responses, as well as reaching somatosensory cortex
Convergence

Sensory information can also converge --- both within a pathway, and across modalities.

  • the simplest example would be where a 2nd order neuron has a receptive field that represents the sum of the receptive fields of the 1st order neurons that synapse on it - see the discussion of simple and complex cortical cells in the visual system

  • another example explains the gate theory of pain - stimulation of touch afferents can decrease pain perception due to convergence of inputs onto spinal cord neurons
Descending input

Lastly, there is descending control of all aspects of sensory processing. These control systems include:

  1. centrifugal connections (i.e., those that provide feedback control within a sensory system)
  • an example of feedback control of sensory receptors occurs with modulation of outer hair cell function by efferent cells of the auditory brainstem
  1. non-sensory inputs, such as those that allow for selective attention
  • see the discussion of pain as an example

 

 

Email: Dr. Janet Fitzakerley | ©2014 University of Minnesota Medical School Duluth | Last modified: 4-feb-14 8:26 PM