EnEd 3309: Outdoor Leadership
Spring Term, 2018 (Tuesdays, 9-11:30) (1 cr)
3310: Outdoor Leadership
Field Experience
May Term, 2018 (2 cr)

"Perhaps some of the most important learning that I will take away with me are the people skills. Not only are these skills relevant to managing groups in an outdoor setting, but they are equally relevant to dealing with people in everyday situations. Indeed, group management skills was an area that I needed to (and did) learn about; especially in regard to a younger audience. It became clear to me that without the proper skills to manage a group, the activities and outcomes can lose all meaning."
(Anna Schmidt, 2003, Internship Synopsis paper)

"...that place holds a special place in my heart for this lifetime. Our trip was a great experience and I learned so much about group dynamics (I think of this frequently in the work place as we collaborate each day); I'm so grateful for this, because I keep calm when the group starts storming--knowing that with communication, that phase will pass."
(Megan Heitkamp, 2016)

Ken's Home




Equipment List

List of Species & Landforms

Administrative Demands Notes

Risk Mgmt Form

Completed RAMS

Incident Report Form


Answer Key Part I Exam

Trip Photos

Course Handouts:

FA Kit List
Group List

Class Notes:
Group Dynamics

Ethical Issues Readings

Empathy v. Sympathy

Diversity and Inclusion:

Circle of Courage (Inclusion)

Circle of Courage Philosophy

Mattering & Marginality



Course Syllabus



EnEd 3309 & 3310

Class meeting time:

We will meet Tuesdays 9-11:30 am in SpHC 9A - Beginning Tuesday, March 14.

Class meeting dates:

Units & Reading Assignments;

Pack-out (MANDATORY - ALL): May 15: 9 am-1 pm. (meet @ MP4)

May 16-24: Trip (Depart at 5 am)

Course Fee: $286.00 (includes all expenses) - paid with tuition.

Class meeting location:


1. Units & Reading Assignments;
2. Each week your group will provide an update report on your planning progress
3. Written Exam
4. Pack-Out - May 15
May 16-24: Trip (EnEd 3310)


Danny Frank & Greg Petry


726-6258 (Ken);



Course web url:

 http://www.d.umn.edu/~kgilbert/Rec 3310/

Course Description

This course is designed to teach three primary components of leadership: Group behavior, Hard skills (based on camp craft & field natural history promoting sense of place), and logistical aspects of leadership. We will use an outdoor setting, the North Dakota Badlands - South Unit (Teddy Roosevelt Nat'l Monument) as the classroom for most of this course. The course uses the prairie setting in a week-long learning intensive as the best opportunity to teach leadership skills. We will focus on a more humanistic approach to leadership which is based more on psychological aspects of group development, communications skills, and interpersonal awareness.
While you need to be physically fit and able to hike challenging terrain (8-9 miles/day), no prior camping skills are required for this course.

Outcomes of this Course:

From this course, you will be able to:

* Describe what attributes make an effective leader.
* Explain what different kinds of leadership styles are best used under certain conditions.
* Identify what style of leadership most often describes yourself.
* Identify and describe group development stages.
* Describe various theories of leadership practice and explain pros and cons of each.
* Describe & Demonstrate leadership responsibilities related to administrative and management tasks.
* Demonstrate leadership skills including camp craft instruction, navigation, natural history interpretation, group development & cohesiveness, and group facilitation skills.

Course Requirements:
1) Complete reading assignments
2) Take part in class discussions
3) Complete a final examination.
4) Demonstrate appropriate leadership skills in the field.
5) Present 2 brief topics on the trail:
a. Natural/cultural history based (1 item ea. of the 5's listed below - see the "list of species".)
b. Safety based
6) The "5's": Identify five of each of the following:
a. Trees & shrubs
b. Plants (flowers, grasses, non-vascular plants)
c. Animals (mammals, reptiles, invertebrates)
d. Birds
e. Geology (soils, rocks, geomorphology)
7) Demonstrate competency in back-country skills



 Assignment Points Grade Scale

Safety + Interp.

15 ea. 90% A
Written Exam: 65 80% B

Soft Skills:
Interpersonal communication; Facilitation; Conflict resolution

25 70% C

Attendance; preparation; judgement; active involvement

"5's": Plants; Animals; Geology; Birds; Trees 25 (1 pt ea.)    
Hard Skills: Navigation; Camp Skills; Cooking; Menu; Travel Skills 25    
Total 195 pts.    


Text Materials:

**Priest, S., & Gass, M.(2005). Effective leadership in adventure programming, 2nd. Ed.. Human Kinetics. Champagne, IL

**Hunt, J. (1990). Ethical issues in experiential education. The Association for Experiential Education. Boulder, CO.

  • Note: Both texts will be used this quarter, in addition to a few other sources. We are requiring only the ** texts. Please understand that, although not all of the text will be directly used this term, it is still to your benefit to read the entire book. Also, in efforts to help reduce textbook costs in this course we will draw upon other materials, which we will share with you, yet will not require the purchase of these materials.

Course Content:
EnEd 3309 (1 cr):

Unit #1: Expectations: Planning and logistics (We will establish responsibilities for the trip so that everyone can have a hand in the trip plans); Individual assignments for on-trail presentations (interpretive lessons and risk management)

Unit #2: Theories, styles, & attributes of effective leadership; Group dynamics; Group cohesiveness; Ethical issues.

Unit #3: Administrative details; Final preparations.

EnEd 3310 (2 cr):

On-Trail: May 16-24, 2018.


May 15 : 9 am - 1 pm: Pack-out. (Approximately 3-4 hours of time committment)
You must be in attendance for the entire time of pack-out.

May 16: Depart from SpHC (Concrete Arch) at 5 am. Arrive at Teddy Roosevelt N.P. around 4 pm. Get permits; Orient to park at visitor center; Fill water containers; Set up camp; Distribute food & water into caches; group meeting.
May 17: Set out food/water caches; Drop off groups; Beginning skills; adjust to "place". This is a long hard day - 8+ miles.
May 18: Group travel alone, meet instructors at lunch spot, travel alone to camp site (5 mile day)
May 19: Group travel alone.
May 20: Short day of navigation; 3 hour solo; camp set-up; group closure with both groups coming together, Final Written Exam and conferences
May 21 (a.m.): Divide new groups and plan routes/water cache.
May 21 (p.m.) - May 23: Hike to group determined site. Group determined activities and route with camp at the Little Missouri River for Final wrap-up and preparation for departure.
May 24: Up at 4:00 am (Minnesota Time); Pick up caches; Depart the Badlands; Arrive on campus around 6 pm.

Note: The route is tentative based on water in the creeks and the depth of the Little Missouri River. Plan to adjust accordingly.


You will need to be in moderate physical condition for this trip. The ND Badlands are exciting in that you can travel anywhere you want. Still, the terrain poses many ups and downs and is very arid and hot. So, this will be a physically challenging trip.

In addition, there are some hazards: Heat, cacti, Ticks, Bison, and Prairie Rattle Snakes. While we have never had any problems from any of these, the potential for injury from any of them is real. THERE WILL BE NO TOLERANCE FOR ANY BEHAVIOR THAT IS UNSAFE TOWARD THESE ITEMS.

Each day we will hold debriefing sessions where we discuss plans for the day, how the day has gone, what dynamics occurred, problem solving skills, and interpersonal strengths & limitations. You should expect to share in group discussions. As such, the intent of this trip is leadership education. While it is a fun and enjoyable trip, it is a learning experience first.

Finally, in order to make this trip run as smoothly as possible so that we can cover course material in an optimal manner (having minimal "lecture" time), it is imperative that you prepare for the trip both physically AND cognitively. That is,please do the assigned readings before we leave so that we can simply refer to them along the trail. This course will conclude with a written final examination.


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