Recreation and Leisure Today
Rec 1000, 4 cr.
11-11:50 am MTWF
SpHC 9
Fall, 2002
Instructor: Dr. Ken Gilbertson
Office: 107 SpHC, Hours by app't
web URL:

Goal: The goals of this course are to provide you with an introduction to the field of Recreation. The general aspects of recreation including definitions, history, diversity, trends, and issues of the profession will be explored. This course will emphasize those aspects of Outdoor Recreation.

From this course, you should have a fundamental awareness and understanding of the field of Recreation including developing an understanding of your own recreation behaviors. That is, you should be able to describe, demonstrate, and illustrate the following:

1) Definitions of recreation and the specialized areas within recreation.
2) Historical antecedents leading up to current recreational trends in our society.
3) The different types of recreation.
4) Trends and issues concerning the recreation profession and how the recreational needs of society are met.
You should be able to demonstrate your understanding of these outcomes by describing them as well as applying your understanding of them through a class presentation, written exams, and class discussions.



 9/3  Introduction  
 9/4 - Definitions of types (Leisure; Recreation; Play) - Groups & Topics assigned
- Chap. 1-2
 9/6  -Activity - Dress to be outside - Assignment #1 (5 pts.): Your leisure activity
 9/9 - Why Recreate? - Chap. 4
 9/10 - Recreation Styles -Chap. 5
 9/11 -Life Changes -Chap. 6
 9/13  - Activity: Class Discussion - Assignment #2 (5 pts.): Life changes in your family members toward recreation
 9/16 -American Work "Ethic" v. Recreation - Group Progress Report
 9/17 -History of Recreation -Chap. 3
 9/18 -History of Recreation -Chap. 3
 9/20 - EXAM #1 - 30 pts.  

II. Types & Providers of Recreation



 9/23 -Public v. Private Recreation - Group Progress Report
- Chap. 10
 9/24 - Local Government Agencies   -Chap. 7
- Local Government Agencies - Assignment #3 (5 pts): Web research
 9/27 - Speaker (Duluth Parks & Recreation)  
 9/30 - State Government Agencies -Chap. 8
 10/1 - State Government Agencies  
- Federal Government Agencies - Chap. 9
-Assignment #4 (5 pts): Web research
 10/4 - Federal Government Agencies  
 10/7  - Speaker (Minnesota DNR)  
 10/8 -Quasi-Governmental Agencies (National) - Chap. 10
 10/9  -Quasi-Governmental Agencies  
 10/11  - Group Progress Report   - Activity: Dress to be outside
 10/14  - Commercial Agencies  - Chap. 11
 10/15  - Speaker (BSA)  
 10/16  -Speaker (GSA)  
 10/18  -Speaker (Commercial Rec - Golf)  
 10/21  - Summer Camps  
 10/22  - Recreational Sport  
 - Recreational Sport - Assignment #5 (5 pts): Assess UMD Rec Sports 
 10/25    - Presentation #1
 10/28 -Therapeutic Recreation  Chap. 12
 10/29    -Activity: Ropes Course
 10/30  No Class  
 11/1    - Presentation #2
 11/4  - Outdoor Recreation  
 11/5   - Adventure Education  
 11/6   - Outdoor Education  
 11/8    - Presentation #3
 11/11   - Arts & Recreation  - Assignment #6 (5 pts): Survey of Arts in Duluth
 11/12  - Review  
 11/13  -Exam #2: 40 pts.  
 11/15    - Presentation #3

III. Professional Delivery



 11/18  - Tourism & Economic Impacts  
 11/19   - Economic Impacts  
 11/20    -Presentation #4
 11/22  - Program Planning - Chap 12
 11/25 -Facilities Management  
 11/26  - Leadership - Activity (Dress for outdoors)
 11/27 YES, THERE IS CLASS TODAY.  -Presentation #5

IV. Trends & Issues



 12/2   - Cultural awareness in recreation - Chap. 15
 12/3   - Issues in cultural diversity in recreation  - Assignment #7 (5 pts): Culturally diff. Rec activity
 12/4  -Seniors in Recreation  
 12/6    - Presentation #6
 12/9   - Trends in recreation - Chap. 16
- Assignment #8 (5 pts): Your prediction of trends
 12/10   - Issues in recreation  
 12/11   - Issues facing the recreation professional  
 12/13  - Review  

Final Exam: Dec. 19: 10 am - Noon (50 points)

Edginton, Jordan, DeGraaf, & Edginton. (1995). Leisure and Life Satisfaction. Brown & Benchmark.


 A = 92%   Exam #1: 40
 A-= 90%  Exam #2: 60
 B = 82%  Assignments: 40
 B-= 80%  Presentation: 50
 C = 72%  Final: 50
 C-= 70%  Total = 240 (approx.)
 D = 62%  
 D-= 60%  

Attendance is required in this course. Class interaction is an important part of this course. Your involvement is needed to make the course succeed. After 3 unexcused absences, you will drop one grade, 6 - 2 full grades, etc. Excused absences are: School sponsored event; severe illness; school canceled by weather.

Some pointers: Even if you miss class, notify your instructor and be sure to take it upon yourself to be up-to-date on what happened in class.

This course is going to be approached through the belief that one learns best by doing. As such, the above schedule is to serve only as a guide to pace yourself. You will team into groups for the quarter working together to build an understanding of your topic of study.
In each group, you will strive to learn the following aspects of your subject area:

Present your topic in the following sequence and respond to the following categories. The quality and depth of your presentation is dependent upon the degree of your creativity.:

Your Topic:
Definition & role in recreation. What is it and how does it fit into society and into recreation as a profession?
Target audience. Who does it serve?
Where does the audience come from? How do they find out about the activities/services provided.
What do they do? What kinds of activities/services do they provide (related to recreation)?
How do they do it?
Staff - what education qualifications and skills are required? (Beyond "Having good people skills")
Logistics - Equipment, transportation, facilities
Where do they get their money from? How do they fund the service/activity?
User Fee
Tax dollars
•How's it run? What's the administrative structure & philosophical approach to the agency?
•How did it get there? What's the history of the agency and why are they the way they are today? Where do they see themselves going in the future?
•How do they know they are doing what they think they are doing? Evaluation.
Problems and issues that the agency is aware of or is trying to resolve.
CONCLUDE BY SYNTHESIZING ALL THE PLACES YOU INTERVIEWED AND EXPLAIN HOW THEY COMPRISE THE SUBJECT AREA YOU ARE PRESENTING (e.g., How do all of the Outdoor Programs studied represent Outdoor Programming at colleges and universities?)

Subject Areas:
City Parks & Recreation
Therapeutic Recreation
Nature Centers: Residential
Adventure Education (Outward Bound being one agency studied)
Nature Centers: Non-residential
Tourism - Minnesota office of Tourism
College Recreational Sports
College Outdoor Programs
State Parks
Commercial Recreation
Religious based recreation
Summer residential camps
Boys and Girls Club
Community Schools
Tweed Museum of Art/The Depot

Each group will spend four weeks studying their subject. The region of study will be the North Shore of Lake Superior, including Duluth. Beginning Week five, you will get 45 minutes to present your subject area to the rest of the class.

You must use the best means of presentation appropriate to your delivery. I encourage you to use video, audio, PowerPoint, role playing, etc. to make your topic dynamic. Finally, this is a formal presentation so you will be expected to dress appropriately (dress as if you are doing a very important interview for your dream job).

Your guide will be:
Each other
The Text
Your Instructor

Sept. 2, 2002