July 2003 updated December 09><


Monochromaticly painted before the dedication reunion, this was the original Administration Building eagle - weighing in above 200 pounds - and perches finally atop its permanent pedestal upon IS&SCS terra firma. I enjoyed recalling having lived on the second floor in late 1951 and seeing it up close from a vantage on the roof. Its surface patina had a decades-old petina consisting of a roughened, weathered multi-coloring of greys, blacks and very smudgy dark off-whites.

Orphan Trains 'til 1920s>; ">A Place We Called Home"< > >what recollections & or images do you have ? <<

Commemorating the and every VOICE IN THE WIND who, over the generations included orphans beyond the Civil War and whose countless children were provided vivid and fond memories while residents. We'll carry thoughts of those days beyond our physical existence. The many questions we individually would have liked to be answered will have to accompany the inevitable passing of us as earthguests. Though it is still possible to fill out some paperwork in order to receive your "file with its possible photographs, observations and commentaries from house parents, teachers or superintendents." All the memorable and omnipresent natural and human made sounds we were born into are decreasing and or increasing and many remain vaguely familiar- allthough they have been uniquely sustained and upgraded- while our human voices numbers have increased on "Spaceship Earth."* Seguing places- all those names and dates- now it's your turn to take care of Earth's water standard (replaced the gold standard, where H2O in/output-sensing-per-capita is now a rightful "taxation" with transparent representation.

* R.Buckminster Fuller

U-High class reunions for graduates of Felmley Junior High School and University High are usually held in September; RE: September 08 IS&SCS reunion including potographs


built during 1861-1865

I date this postcard to be around 1905, well before red barn paint I remember covered the structure and the circular fire escape to the left of this Main Administration Building entrance. Sheridan cottage for older girls is the building east of the admin.bldg.and has a red roof. --To the right edge and in front of the main building you'll notice the white-appearing and concrete working fountain (it has three saucer-shaped tiers). Immediately to the right are four or five red maples which I remember were pretty much grown by the time I was in Felmley Junior High School. I'm not sure of the species of the tree to the left of the fountain. Notice the curved but broken lines next to the straight tree trunk on the right in this postcard. These disconnected pieces of a curve is part of the United States Postmarked circle.The postcard above was derived from the black and white image below.

NOTE water fountain on rightMain Building views: 1861, 1940s, 1950s

"People gave land (96 acres) and money ($30,000 seed dollars from the state legislature) to have the home located in Normal; children came June 1, 1869." Edwin S Palmer

(From Civil War Illinois Soldier's Orphan's Home, 1864 to Illinois Soldier' and Sailors' Children's School June 18, 1931 and to ISSCHome in 1950s)

*We also commemorate those children and babies who were part of the Orphan Train History; more more to your place

Courtesy of the Kansas Historical ciety

Younger Catalpa tree ( trees, shrubs and buhes) in front of Felmley, teacher and student body, 1926.



The annual group session under a full sun: image from a KEN-WAY Studio Photograph Bloomington Illinois - from KEN-WAY Studio, Bloomington Illinois

The two trees I remember the most are the Catalpa above (Amerucan Elm top right) and a hugh Weeping Willow- out-of-sight, below and right, and was between the Felmley auditorium and the tool shed. And below it, to the East, was the barn which housed the deep yellow International Harvester bus made 2-way trips between IS&SCS and the Normal Illinois U-High school. In the winter, many from the Boys Row would arrive there with the driver in order to get a good seat.


North view of Felmley Junior High School


William E. Hogan, Managing Officer; Mr James R Cretcher, Superintendent; L. J. East, Superintendent Normal, Illinois Mrs Faye M Ashbrook, Assistant Managing Officer Dr. Sol Ditkowsky, Pediatrician ,Mr William F.Lynch, Dentist Miss Harriet Hallam, Dean of Girls ,Christian B. Harpster, Principal of Felmley Junior High School


Ah yes, Mr Rogers and his IS&SCS telco operator wife

I well remember them both. The Mrs was regularly at her switchboard each time I came up the black cast iron steps and looked into her cubicle and the rows of mailboxes to her right. On the East lay Superintendent L.J East's apartment. At the time I had two jobs: Hubbord's Cupbord (shortorder take out cook 'cause I couldn't get on the waiting list at Route 51 Steak-'N-Shake and the Hamilton Hotel (elevator operator and gofer)- both in Bloomington. Always late arriving on that 5c bus drop-off at the 400 E. Lincoln Street south-facing shelter for the long diagonal walk up to the Main bldg. (Where, up from the barber shop and on the road in front of the L.J. East apartment, the 1949 black 4-door Buick Roadmaster was parked) My excuses to me always seemed logical and I had a variety available. However, the Mrs did take my Permit Slip following a lot of two-way chit chat, and eventually I tip-toed up to my room 201-at the top of the stairs- in the Main Building. The Mr was a different experience. There was the time when I raided the electric shop just below the superintendent's quarters. (This area later was used to check out Schwinn bikes). I was always fingered after any and all capers. Two of the boys supervisor aggressions come to me: the most physicaly painful was the time this giant man hit me over the head with an electrical transformer and, on another occasion , he gave me a "milkshake" while in his office. HEADSHAKE= Two thumbs pressing the inside cheeks and his remaining fingers held my head firmly- then he shook it, violently.

1940s PROGRESS REPORT--The teachers of .invite the houseofficers (cottage parents, house parents) to visit and become well acquainted with the work of the school. Visitors are always welcome.



From the seven Brush children, only Helen, Richard, Paul, LeeRoy* (r.on piano bench) entered IS&SCS at this time and appear here in the Ken-Way Studio, 1935. Bill and Porter left and lived on their own and Ailiene, the youngest, was adopted. She was at IS&SCS long enough to have graduated from Felmley Junior High School and appears in 4a below.

* Of the seven children whose names appeared in Simon Porter Brush's Diary, mine had several spellings: LeRoy Gale (as in March birthdate), Gail, Leroy, and Leroi (he was a War I veteran).

INTAKE EXAMINATION: The Receiving Building, located between the 1926 hospital and the Main Building's west side, hosted all incoming children. Each was thoroughly examined and talked with by resident chaplin, psychologist, dentist, nurse (Ruby Alexander) and male doctor. One child above has a usual ringworm-bandaged headwrap. In the back row, the education students from Illinois State Normal University are student teachers and ome of these students are seen elsewhere in these (official) Ken-way Studio, Normal, Illinois photographs.
Typically after a weeks observance, all children were released in the care of Cottage Parents (ladies) who were in charge of eight different Village Cottages on the sounthern edge of the home. These were completed between 1930-1934 and had commemorative names derived from the first war.
Children known in both images are from L: 1, Frida Bell Spotson, 3, Elmer Shippee, 4, Leroy Brush, 5, Julius Moser, 8. Paul Brush, 14 Bob Scott. Called a social gathering, the children were served milk and oyster crackers topped with iceing and a redhot.

LEFT Beginning with knickerbockers and winding up wearing long pants, I spent many week ends during summers and winters between 1943 and 1947 at the Gridley, Illinois US home of my brother Porter and his wife Georgiana (Hughes). I would take the Greyhound bus north from Bloomington, Illinois to El Paso, Illinois where either would pick me up. On some occasions Porter would give me a roundtrip ride in Georgiana's parents 1939 Chevrolet 4-door. Here at the edge of Lake Bloomington Chuck Hughes (Georgiana's dad) taken me and a neighborhood friend for fishing experiences.

RIGHT another wintertime visit

On both sides of this walkway there were Elms, Maples and Oak trees.

At least from 1932 to 1951 there were hundreds of French and Russian lilacs, burberry, cotoneaster, Russian-olive bushes, shrubs and many tree speciies: cotton wood, Catawba (in front of Felmley Junior High School), weeping willow (on the East side lawn of Felmley), American elm, black walnut (near the tennis court and incinerator), oaks and huge red maples facing the Administration Building. What evergreen was this in front of old main?


(Eleanor Hickstein, Leroy Brush, Julie Beebe?)

The metal IS&SCS sign behind the three proclaims

the main entrance,The No Trucks

post on the right. Both 1947

or 47 photographs. During this period. I really wanted to be a "grown up". For instance? Wearing non-prescribed glasses and working after school in a Normal Illinois GMC truck dealership.




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Bulova watch from my sister-in-law Georgianna Hughes Brush following graduation from Felmley Junior High; Several views of the Gymnasium and swimming pool (50s and 80s) where a considerable thining of hugh red Maple trees and a variety of shrubs has occcurred .- including the many dozen lilacs that ringed the entrance to the Village. Remnants of the 1926 water fountain can still be seen with the original concrete and stone benches. Now skip down to here and see what's been built over this site. The three red maples above, because of their trunk sizes, appear to be replants.


(Richard Wachter, ?, Frank Priest, Arthur Goetz, Leroy Kite, Orville Hinshaw)

I believe this mid 40s photograph was taken against the south-facing wall of the Storeroom (shoes and jackets overalls and shirts, like these worn here). The bright red MACK fire engine (with higly polished chrome bulldog as a hood ornament) was stored right, at the east end of this building.

Williams brothers pre-IS&SCS; Fred Lou Robert

Yates Cottage, Mayme Rogers, Matron --(below) Recognize anyone not identified? Backrow--Left:1 Darlene Mau, 2 Bessie Guthere, 3 Margaret O'Connell, 4 Ada Pritchert, 5 Nellie Jasper,6, 7 Ceil Cass,8,9 Secondrow--1,2,3, 4 Margaret Maddio, 5 Helen Brush, 6 Margaret Aumiller, 7. Frontrow--1,2,3,4,5,6 Mildred Aumiller

Helen Brush writes in her memoirs: "...When visitors came to ISSCS- the office always called Yates Cottage, and asked Mrs Rogers to send up a girl to show the guests around the home. I was always # 1 pick - made a lot of dimes/quarters for doing so, which was put into my Bank acct. @ the main office. So when I left the grounds to go to movies, football games @ ISNU I could buy myself a taffy apple. Always walked to and from Home; quite a distance to go - but always had fun..."

above photograph from Mary Lou Hanley Hawk

Third on Girls Row, Logan Cottage 1947- Doris Pikerton, Ms
Kent-housemother, Lillian Hickstien, Mary Lou Hanley

In this photograph, what direction is the cottage faceing? West. We see the south faceing walkway, and if it were the north sidewalk we'd also be seeing a road. Those tall windows suggest the Gymnasium building and its extended basketball court with the new water tower behind. What year was this tower (top r ) constructed?

8th grade Gym class Helen Brush, second from right; Bessie Guthere in dress---To the right (west) is the baseball field , Jane Delano is barely visible at the top far left and I really remember the abundance of trees and shrubs in the Village. Bennett cottage is directly behind this archery class.


Helen Brush's Diploma was inset upon a cream silk background and in a dark green folder


above, Mabel Pumprey's Fifth grade class room windows faced the north view ? from Felmely Junior High School.


Fourth Grade Garden Club


Coach Foy's Felmley Flashes

On Rounding the turn in a competitive 880 yard relay race, LB crashed into a nearby tree and his right shoulder bears his scratches.

Hubbord? Cottage girls

Roth Cottage

above, in front of Roth Photograph from James D Seyster

Bottom row: Billy Moore, Charlie Moser, Jim Racine, Tom O'Connell (1933-1948), Jimmy Zimmerman, Bobby Pippin.

Middle row: Donald "Spud" Campbell, Clayton Merrit, Jim Davenport, Gene Farmer, Earl Holcomb, Paul Brush.

Top row: Mattie Canerdy, Paul Pregle, Roderic "Gus" Creager, Alfred Pippen, Robert Creager, Howard Green (known for rotten teeth).

Perky to more 50s IS&SCS photographs


Ken-Way Photo Studios photograph in front of entrance to Mabel Pumphrey's class room


(announcement and program from the Fred K Knuppel print shop to) Above invitation was twpewriten ny LB to his dad Simon Porter Brush Bridgeport Illinois





Roy Robinson , Bob Kadlec, Earl Holcomb, Jim Barnes, Leroy Beechcraft, Leroy Brush


?, Janet Graff, Mildred Kermeen, ?, Mary Ann Hans, ?, Julia Beebe

2d signed diploma

Passenger (Roy Robinson-left), and (Leroy Brush) was the owner of a 1936 Pontiac four door w/floor stick shift. Both went on long rides on the dirt roads encircling the home and ventured around Bloomington (Steak 'N' Shake) and around UHigh. Angered by this illegal purchase (it was $100.) and the absence of a drivers license, Lawrence J. East asked for the car title from Leroy while he was recuperating from an apendectomy in the home hosptial. He then had to sell the car. Leroy was punished by being expelled from Cantigny. A 2nd floor room in the Administration building was Leroys place 'til he graduated from UHS in 1951. Shirley Donahue and Roy were my best friends at the home. Upon leaving, Roy, Ronald Kuder and Leroy had a rented room on the outskirts of Normal before Leroy departed for Chicago. Neither Ronald or Roy were ever heard from again until Leif Brush called Roy in Florida (thanks to his long time friend Bill Bebee) in early April 2000. Roy did "not attend the ISSCS reunions" this year.

Roy's sister, Shirley Robinson, whom I did not know, sent this email, September 10th 2007-
Hello.....my name is Shirley Robinson, the younger sister of Roy Robinson. You have some pictures of Roy with one of your brothers and in the graduation picture with one of your sisters and the Goetz family members in it, is also a picture of one of my sisters.Helen Robinson. She is in the second row third from left.
You see, there was eight of us Robinson kids brought to ISSCS in 1943, the year our mother died. There was 13 of us but just the 8 youngest came to the home. I am the 3rd from the youngest....and I just learned some sad news this morning.....my brother Roy died peacefully with his family in Florida this morning. Out of the 13 Robinson kids, I am now the only surviving one.
I just wanted to feel some closeness after I learned of Roy's death so I just went to Google & I've been reading your web page. I was only at the home from 1943-1949, then went to foster homes...I ended up graduating from Normal Community High School with the class of 1954.
Thanks for listening...just needed to talk to someone who knew of our past. Shirley Robinson Smith


Hello Joy,
And after all these years, including those with Roy, it surely has been
a seemingly fast, memorable, busy and rewarding trip through out. And
I'm glad you're calm and staying in touch with him.
We're the proud elders now and the grandchildren really seek us out.
I'd love to be able to hear them address their lives and experiences.
I hope you saw my 1999 and personal Internet tribute to Roy and its
addition by one of his sisters.
Kindest regards leif BRUSH

Roy's Veteran's Burial site




Thanks Lou for additional names & info

Standing L.toR. Coach Farnsworth, R. Scott,R.Robinson,C.Coons,J.Donahue,J.Barnes,D.Williams,J.Green,D.Troyer,L.Brush,B.Johnson,R.Wachter,W.Schultz, Ollie's older brother, he came back from the Korean War with shell shock after all his group were killed but him and he died at the Veterans Hospital in Danville, Illinois.

KneelingL.toR. R.Gaddy,G.Fearheily,H.Stillman,E.Gray,R.Kelly,D.Houser,W.Firebaugh,E.Hunter,D.Bates,J.Anderson,R.McKinley,S.McCormick
R.Johnson,R.Williams,F.Williams,J.Baker,R.Ellerbrock,F.West,T.Smith,O.Schaab,S.Hilburn,J.Alexander, Mgr.R.Davis



in front of Mabel Pumphrey's class room

I just remember my girl friend Shirley Donahue, 5th from left in first row and my sister Ailene Brush 6th.

Other names? Paul Goetz, Jim Aigner, Frank Priest, Myrtle Goetz, Charles Clough

Remember where you spent your time here

On through the late 1940s, LB was a frequent writer from 400 East Lincoln to The Daily Pantagraph, Bloomington Illinois

Aerial photographs from the The Daily Pantagraph.

Tons of trees and bushes can be seen. I well remember the dense covering of lilacs on the hill immediately above the north sidewalk of the Village (detail below left and the Village is added below in the right photo. Gene Farmer's model of the Village was based on his memory and image 8 below


6aNIGHT WATCHMAN'S KEY BOX 7 The Paul Brush, Burt O'Conner, Red Mowers and other's pigeon coop is just N.W. of Felmley and has a slight tower. The Home's original water tower, which many of us climed and several got into real trouble if they were caught, is directly East of Sheridan Cottage and it butts up near the E. entrance to the main building. The sidewalk between these buildings leads to the Joe the Cook's main kitchen, Ice House, Bakery and Boy's Row..


Cottonwood, elm and maple trees are shown between Alice French (lower right) and Jane Delano (top right). Beneath these dense tree clusters, an open summer house with juts four pillars had a dirt "floor" as did the large and open and in this image the playgrounds are hidden beneath the canopies. I recall how really shady it was when playing here. Jimmy Pippen should remember this as well as others whom I don't remember.


While in Jane Delano Cottage there was a sorting among our twenty children: five girls and three older boys eventually moved into new cottages elsewhere on the IS&SCS grounds. Tearfully among the transferees was my brother Paul. He went to Roth Cottage, Later, I was consoled with a serving of sliced peaches and cream. Our girl friends were transfered to the various Cottages comprising eight on Girls Row. This was south of the tennis court, incinerator and Felmley Junior High School. The remaining boys were still wearing knickerbockers, striped socks and later moved on to long pants. We marched hand-in-hand- two by twos to Friday movies or various religious services Saturday and Sunday held on the top floor of the Administration Building.
Our Village was for Kindergarden through first grade- as in Gene Farmer's drawing ABOVE- and comprised of eight Cottages. My Jane Delano was among the four on the east side of this shrubed, formal quadrangle and we all shared a large dirt playground, summerhouse with a second floor, but was only accessible by rope ladder. Our terrain was completely surrounded by mature cottonwood and american elm trees. The one story terra cotta orange roof title had white washed brick walls outside, linoleum flooring with themed nursery rhymed painted wood cut outs on the wall above an active fireplace . Jane Delano

Japanese Barberry (above) was at the base of the very large oval hill which overlooked the Village on the South, and from the North view was the Gymnasium and Administration Building. Three quarters of the upper oval was covered with hundreds of lilac varieties.

9 This concrete bench sat in a semi circle with the American Legion plaque at the front which faced north. In the distance lay a Trailer Park whose sprawl matched the east-to-west width on the southern boundary of the home. A meadow was behind the bench and it butted against City US Route 66.


On the S. E. corner of Alice French Cottage, Hennie-Pennie and her chicks are fed by (l) Helen Brush and Gus Lavoris, Leroy Brush, ?, Jimmy Pippin, ?, ? look on for the Normal Illinois Ken-Way Studio Photographer. Grace Tucker's slope-backed, two-door black Pontiac is out of site on the road to the left of the children. "Alice French (1850-1934) was an American writer ofshort stories and novels. Octave Tanet was her pen name. She was born in Andover, Mass and educated in Massachusetts, but she made her home in the
Middle West. She was also an organizer and during the World War I she organized the
American War Mothers It is because of this that one of the cottages in the
Village was named for her. Alice French cottage was dedicated in 1931." Tom O'Connell


Photographed in the 80s and located just left of Alice French Cottage. The original dark red-orange ceramic titles have been replaced by the asphalt shingles seen above. Compare these to the ceramic tiles on the Alice French roof pictured below.


Posed picture by Ken-way Studio Normal photographer, some of these kids look at the birdie on or near the swing at the S.E. corner of Alice French. Frida Belle Spotsen is the only black child and Leroy Brush is on the far right swing. (The others?)

10 top side

1930-1934--Directly beneath an existing flagpole (at least in 1984 when I took this photo), this brass plaque

is located facing opposite the concrete bench (seen in 9). This clearly shows

two American Legion emblems on both sides at the top.

(The Legion and their families shared in many a good time on these grounds--especially their parade of engines, tipsy cars, horse troughs full of pop and plenty of black walnut ice cream- which was my favorite.)

American Legion Day in 1954

LEFT-Former Felmley Junior High School Principal and later, teacher, Mae Goodwin with Leif Brush; CENTER- Faye Vincent, Roth Cottage Parent; Lucy Pollack, Jane Delano Cottage Parent; Paul Brush driver, Tom O'Connel front seat pasenger, Bob Hickey back left with Dan O'Connel; RIGHT- Mae Goodwin and Lucy Pollack having a chat on the dirt playground area which served all four east Cottages from Jane Delano (r) and Alice French out of sight, left. Mrs L. J. East is seen chatting with an friend on the opposite side of the temporary picnic table. Mrs East was the wife of Superintendent Lawrence J. East.

Cantigny Cottage, the home for Felmley Junior High School Seniors, was on the N. W. corner of the eight 1926-1932-built cottages and comprised Boy's Row.

These are images I recorded using a reel-to-reel 8 MM silent and hand wound camera during a visit from Chicago to Normal's Orphanage for an IS&SCS Reunion. I arrived in Bloomington aboard GM&O's Ann Rutledge and my return north was aboard the same rail lines Abraham Lincoln. Cantigny had Felmley's recent grads.((Cantigny, was a village near Montdidier in the French Somme region during the first war. My father was permanently disabled and was released to the states before the conflict ended. His resulting cranal injury affected and destablized his entire life and he died in 1956.))

The front porch and colums are shown with a Siberian pea hedge approx twenty feet away to the North

Cantigny house parents Clayton and Quanita Townsend join my brother Paul walking past the analog film camera.


U-High class reunions for graduates of Felmley Junior High School and University High

submit yours

The late John Stevens paid for these photographs. Can you help identify who these former U-High students are- by the row they are in?

front-Janet Graff Fred Williams - Richard Wachter Mary Ann Hans

back- - John Stevens leif BRUSH


(Left to Right) front - Bill Wachter,Arthur Goetz Fred Williams, Louie Nordine, Bill Sanders

2nd leif BRUSH, Lou Ann Unzicker Drummond, Jessica Means Brink, Alma Lou (Polly) Lathrop, Mary Ann Hans Lukens, Dick Wachter

3rdGloria Thomas Wilcox, Jane Olson Davis, Helen Holiday Ross, Helen Jefferson McCormick, Janet Graff Wilson, Donna Jo Sizemore Woltzen, Bob Snearly

4th - Steve McCormick, Roger Getty, Patty Orr Burnham, Joe Green, Owen Cluts, Dick Osborn, Bob Davis, Kenny Burnett


1980s photograph by Georgiana Hughes Brush

Parents Helen Susie Schnepper, Olney Illinois & Simon Porter Brush, Flat Rock Illinois
back (L) Richard, Porter, Bill; Aliene, Leif, Paul Helen

IS&SCS backward glances, cont.

Main Building

Torn down in 1961




"People gave land (96 acres) and money ($30,000 seed dollars from the state legislature) to have the home located in Normal; children came June 1, 1869... The youngsters are no longer housed in the one large dormitory of the Main Building, but live in more home-like conditions in the twenty -six cottages separated into three groups, the Village group, the Boys' Cottages, and the Girls' Cottages. Each cottage has its own living room, dining room, dormitory, and all the modern conveniences... In 1935, the population was 695 and by 1940 there were 530 children..."Edward S. Palmer










from Felmley Junior High Flashes

December 20, 1940:"...The chorus consists of Lillian Moore, Mary Alice McNier, Elmer Shippee, Clarence Jasper, Donald Wright, Frank Hickstein, Jerry Froman, Clarence Weathers, Leroy Brush, Billy Cooper, Minnie Belle Burnett, Gene Seyster, Freda Mullen, Margaret Sanders, Robert Scott, John Stevens, Harley Brayfield, Roy Robinson, William Maxey, Earl Holcomb, and Marlene Eaton. Committees for the program have included Esther Choate and Marian Hickey for costumes and Robert Shantz and Paul Mathiasen for Lighting. Invitations were sent out by Perry Cooper, Theodore Berger, Clara Mandrell, Orville Hinshaw, Clarence Garlock, Ruth Shepard, Gladys Jennings, Howard Green, and Lilly Belle Sparks..."

June 23 1957 IS&SCH residents 1957-1958

Dorene DiFede, 2nd from left, believes the 1st girls name was Wanda?


Qs & As

24 As I.S.N.U. was in charge of the schools, in what year did the first 8th grade class attend UHigh (called Normal High in 1908)?

I. S.N.U.Main Building

I.S.N.U.'s Old Main Building in 1954 without its dome faces the quadrangle to the south. U-High's hallway was connected onthrough to the right of the building.

Leif Brush on newer bench in front of the ISNU Main Building (w/o its dome) at the N. end of the quadrangle


where Senior Milt Kadlec posed for a Clarion (Yearbook) photographer

seated on one of several stone benches available to college and high school students.


and his brother Paulwho graduated from UHIGH earlier

(1950, 1980 & 1935 photographs)

25 When and where was the wading pool and fountain, what year was it built, and what species of trees were planted nearby?

26 What were some of the Main Building interior features like, and what were some of its key architectural features ?

27 In which years were pictures 11 and 12 taken, and what are some significant differences between these two photographs?

28 Who was Alice French, and to what section of the home was this of significance?

29 What cottage was directly West of Jane Delano (and who was she) and connected by sidewalk (both entrances faced north)

30 What constructions were happening in picture 17, and where is scene this located?

31 How many girls and boys cottages were there?

32 What direction did the Gymnasium face?

33 Who was Edward S. Palmer?

34 In picture 6,where was the incinerator and what man made structure was it closest to?

35 What trees species were nearby?

36 Where was picture 18 taken, and where was this building relative to the power plant?

37 What was the Chicago Daily News Radio Fund?

38 How was food delivered to cottages, and by whom in the 1940s?

39 Who are the employees seen in 15 and 16?

40 What was the stone theme carved into the limestone arch above the entrance to the Felmley Junior High School and, where was the bell situated, relative to the overall structure? What were some of the prominent tree species on either side as you approached this entrance? What nearest building did Felmley's main entrance face?

41 When did Lawrence J. East come to the home, and what make and model car was he given for his official use?

42 Who taught arts and crafts?

Where in the are you nowgot answers, pictures, questions and URL or EMAIL listings?

get your IS&SCS documents- via a wrtitten letter- to: Midwest Adoption Center 3158 Des Plains River Road DES PLANES ILLINOIS 60018.


"ISSCS was in existence for 102 years before it closed it doors in 1979.",

J Anthony Spataro: renewed uses for otherwise familiar IS$SCS buildings



now Biography43 43a 44

The radio play"This Heritage of Freedom," written, acted in parts and produced by LB. The broadcast was overseen by teacher Thalia Tarrant's U-High Senior History Class and was broadcast the summer of 1950 over WJBC, Bloomington, Illinois USA. The University High School students included Narrator Jessica Means, Sound effects from Lou Ann Unzinger, Zelvin Mitchell, Charles Kolar, Mike Mihawlski, Art Stoddard and Norm Foster.

Some technical notes: Leroy Brush checked out a Brush Soundmirror-shown below- BK-401 audio Recorder and/or Player from U-HIGHs AV Department. The above recording was recorded onto paper-backed tape (today a historic reel-to-reel tape medium ). It was the 3M Companies No. 100, a "Scotch" black oxide paper tape. Compared to the iron oxide coating on mylar backed tape, it was not up to the 1950 High-Fidelity standards later evolving from RCA's microphone and recording labs. There is no family relationship here; however, since I was and am a sound researcher, this was another historic connection I've always appreciated. (A Brush electric car was introduced in 1912)

Image of Cottage radio, used by 18 U-High schoolers and was donated by the Aurora Illinois American Legions. Popular 78 RPM records* were picked up from this radio/phonograph console.* He used a borrowed microphone to pick up a variety of "sound effects" which he concocted and these were wired to a roof speaker from the 2nd floor bathroom "studio." Prizes depended what items were in the kitchens pantry and what edible goodies were available on a moments notice -before being handed over by my accomplice to winnders by Elmer Shipee (from whom I borrowed the mic, an amplifier and loud speakers). Some popular requests included *I'm looking over a 4 leaf clover, Celery Stalks along the H-way**

LB's microphone"broadcasts" were beamed to all eight of the Boys Row Cottages and emanated from Cantigny Cottage. His impromtu performance was influenced by popular "DIAL-FOR-DOLLARS programs" which were aplenty w/"name the tune and receive a dollar" promos. It was a final "broadcast" from his orphanage"home" before asking his brother Richard to drop him off at the Wabash Avenue YMCA, on the south side of Chicago's Loop.



leif BRUSH was an outside broadcast trainee, under Walter Lamee, with CBW Winnipeg Canada 1951-1952. He reported via telephone from the Conrad Hilton Hotel on Michigan Avenue when the then Allied Commander General Eisenhower was campagining in Chicago. Also in 1952

Buckingham Fountain

he broadcast- via telephone hook up- to the Trans Canada Network via CBW, Winnipeg as the Queen of Canada came ashore from Royal Yacht Britannia. Negotiating north and sound bound traffic on the Outer Drive did cause her entourage to miss the protocols time for arriving at Buckingham Fountain. Miss Kate Sturges Buckingham, a philanthropist and art patron donated the fountain.


leif BRUSH, 1954, Fort Leonard Wood Missouri and before induction;

Acting according to his Doberman Pinscher breed, Helmut Demhauf is being posed in a Jacksonville North Carolina backyard. It was a chilly April and LB was continuing his AM broadcasting ambition as WJNC's News Director. He eagerly got into his Six O'Clock news, hostingthe sunday Night Owl Service (classical music) and Camp Lejeune Hears (pop tune 'n talk) (mp4s) Helmut was born in Chicago and I selected him from a local kennel. He was my tollroad companion from Chgo to Jacksonville. It was the stop- in his behalf- along the Pennsylvainia section before heading south, that he failed to return until nearly dark. He did like to scrunch below the rear wind in the 2-tone, Buick Century 2-door , V8, w/overhad valve engine- made by Charlie Wilson's General Motors.


July 1956, Ft Eustis West Virginia, LB finally made SP3 (While in Fort Belvoir Virginia, his promotion was put on hold because of a tape recording he'd made during an indoctrination period prior to him joining others who were preparing for deployment to Baffin Island, Canada- in a joint naval and army assignment. He had made mess hall recordings during a lunch break which also included discriminatory comments made against one soldier by a non-commisioned master sargent. The company Adjutant General ordered me to retrieve the relevant tapes which I had previously sent to a friend in Chicago. They arrived next monday by United States Post Office Special Delivery. After the recordings were listened to by officers , several soldiers were demoted and or transfered to other units. Some how my pending promotion was "lost.")
LB in barrack-office and following his amazing round trip North on the Atlantic ocean to Baffin Island and returning later to Hampton Roads,Virginia. We assisted in a miniscule contribution to the enormous challenge executed in part by the AT&T monoply, the U.S.Gov (Defense) & other interested parties who combined partnerships eventually constructed "a shield that would protect us from incoming Russian missiles." At the time when we were all disembarking from our LSD Lindenwald ship-to continue ourindividual journeys- I never pondered what was buried and left behind for the winters yet to come. For me, it was my wrap-it-up.

Yet, here, another experiential unwraping along the New River where our final home was situated.

The sights and sounds which initially greeted me could be seen and heard while scanning the river water, looking upward from our camp site and looking into the mouth of a coal mine above my right shoulder.This was early early sunday morning. The blue jays, with their widened-voicing reverberates between the hills in this valley, cutting through the compacted local ambience and, within me, welled up a slow, smiling, feeling. (add WWNR Radio Show hosting mp4) coal again, at this site, yet another issues, mining: National Geographic March 2006 V209 #9 p, 104-123

Directly opposite the distant mine shaft entrance was our army camp walter filtration plant. We drew water directly from the New River, located below our camp, and did chemical alterations for drinking from these holding tanks and whose output was pressurized at the storage site -below- for use throughout our facility. Photograph was taken by operator Pfc George Ellmore -from Georgia- who was in charge of purification operations. Rubberized blanket covers were over eight tanks and-as shown here- were mounted on a heavily constructed wooden platform.

Pall Mall smoker pauses ouside the mess hall on a Saturday morning. Fatigues will soon give way to civilan clothes and then the drive to Beckley radio station wwnr for my DJ stint for Coca-Cola (where the don't have a Pesi machine!)Below left is my office, records room and armory; the two huts right and top right house the troops which are slso stationed here.



My final day before being officially- and honorably discharged from my 2-year military obligation. I was cigar smoking Captain Lawler's right hand man, radio operator (btwn Pentagon and Camp Prince ), company records clerk and broadcaster over the camp PA system. Eventually being driven by Jeep to sign my departure papers, and while In downtown Beckley, I purchased a one way fare to Chicago. I went via a DC3 from Beckleyto Washington and finally aboard a turboprop Viscount, to Chicago's Midway Airport.


My father died before I departed the Army of the United States and I was granted two-way railroad fare from the Red Cross for my travels between Beckley West Virginia and Southern Illinois.

Dad Brush, whom I never new and recall his twice visiting the home (Calla lily) I never knew my motherwho died the same year I was taken to the above Normal Illinois orphanage.

these photographs are stills from an 8MM film camera in which I was able to get the images I sought on just a 50 foot reel.


The desire to continue an AM radio career proved to consist of start and end positions and, at least, I remained on my sound track which resumed from what follows after considering the following link:



WJNC-Jacksonville North Carolina-interviewing Amsterdam Lt. General Leiftink when he visited Camp Lejeune

tape reporter w/mobile unit Jacksonville (L) pipe smoker in Wilkes-Barre Pennsylvania

Chicago days, on the streets, suited up where in the early sixties I did freelancing using a battery operated Dictet recorder. I charged six dollars a minute and my tape reports ranged from at least a minute for a headline item and I did not give any discounts for my reports over this mimimum time. Most of my live a/or playbacks were delivered over AT&T telephone wires into the radio station control room. To do this I unscrewed the telephone mouthpice and clipped on a pair of alligator clips attatching them to a pair of contacts. I also used the phone directly call into stations and these sometimes were accompanied by a steady series of tones. This technique was an FCC ruleing which did not make any sense because of the additional line noise that was always present over these analog circuits. Time rolled by quickly. I was able to keep moveing from appartment to aparetment. First car? Years rolled into another, commercial radio interests faded after the nomination of President Kennedy. Bye bye carbon copy Am radio. An abbreviated interval followed, wandering around by car as far away as California. An internal calling and a nudge from a friend, I segued -eventually connected- w/my second college try: the Schools of Chicago's Art Institute


"NBC CHIMES GIVEN AUDIENCE TRIAL "Reprinted from Radio World
(October 1, 1932) The contrivance, invented by Captain Richard H. Ranger designer of the pipeless organ and the bell-less carillon, has been installed in the main control room of the RCA-NBC Building in New York. If the trial period proves its operation practical and its precise notes pleasing to the public, it will be adopted as permanent equipment at the New York Studios and also installed in the main control rooms of NBC Studios in all other cities. to network chime variations.























Surely, not all the complete answers below (do you have any versions of these answers, or anything to add, click this if you do ):

I hope you'll add your images, rememberances, comments and/or captions to the photos on this page anytime. Info:Leif Brush

I S & S C S reunions?

1a Image furnished by Richard Wachter. An interesting coloration from this early 1900s lithographed postcard; I recall both the firescape and the main building as being deep barn red.

1 Drawing from the Felmley Flashes

2 Detail of the Class of 1947



2c Detail of Ken-Way photograph of May 25, 1951 Prom

2b Detail Class of Felmley Junior High Class of1947

3 Detail of the Class of 1947

4 Detail of 1947 University High school football team .

Do you recall these trees and bushes? 5 6 6a During his appointed rounds the night watchman on duty had to use the key stored in this box and was located at the edge of the sidewalk wihich joined Pershing and Cantigney cottages in the Boys Row. QUESTION: Was it always there or was it installed- to keep the watchman honest- during the 1950s7 Aerial views of the grounds prior to 1940. Notice the original water tower. 8 Jane Delano is top right (remember the black and white photograph in the hall entryway which showed a missing finger on her hand?), Alice French lower right, Roth lower left, and Cottowood trees in 1999 still line the non-existent playground on the right, and the East side of the Village. Who has the right order: 4 x 4, with Roth and Alice French as the southern pair; ? and Jane Delano as the directly above northern pair?

8a Detail of the built Village 1931, 1932, the full scale model of the environs by Gene Farmer.

9 There as seen in 1954, the southern most manmade structure in the Village. As you look at this image, Alice French is to the left and Roth Cottage to the right. Artist Ruth Staub who also was the cottage parent in Alice French sketched her children whom she would arrange on this structure.

9a Grace Tucker's Hennie-Pennie was a big hit for all the children that moved out into the home from Alice French Cottage.

10 Near the sidewalk which was on a straight line between Alice French and Roth Cottages, and directly beneath a flag pole, this bronze bas relief plaque faced the stone bench some fifteen feet further south.

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11 Year taken? Administration Building: Shows the canopy which Lawrence J. East had installed in the mid 1940s.

12 Year taken? Who knows what year the fire escape got removed?

13 Where is the painted cast iron eagle today? go to J Anthony Spataro's pages

14 Year taken? A diagonal concrete walk led N.E. from the Bus Stop to this Main Building view. The Hospital and receiving buildings were to the north of this angled walkway.

15 Joe the Cook, who else.

16 Coach Foy tells us where to drop our mousey-grey and scratchy swim suits after our foot bath and group showering. I'm in the front row, third from the left. Seems like belts were OK.

17 This photograph shows the swimming pool building joined to the Gymnasium. Great regular and non-regular swim times here. But what was this construction all about?

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18 I did have farm and laundry chores. While working in this laundry, I explored steam pipes which were beneath this building and the steam system meandered under the major walks throughout the home. These dark tunnels were ear-witness to quite a few events which are distinctly remembered. Did you visit these underground places?

19 Pigeon coop is the dome in the top left, Northwest of Felmley Junior High School. I have no clue about some of the structures in this photo; however, Paul Brush and others did refer to the Pigeon Coop on several occasions. I do remember that the old water tower overlooked the girls dorm, kitchen, bakery A courtyard also lead to the cold storage lockers in an old power plant building, known as the institution store rooms, where we got our shoes and denim blue shirts. The long shop building where woodworking, printing, electricity and soldering were taught was across the treet from the tennis courts. The incinerator was in a walnut grove north of and ran parallel with the tennis courts.I cannot remember the building directly East of the water tower.

20 I have no idea what events were going on in these fields northwest of Cantigny, do you? Richard Wachter: "It probably took place in the later stages of IS&SCS."

21 Bright's Farm Market on Business Route 66 and what North-South street?

22 This arched entrance to Alice French Cottage had smooth and rough-hewn bricks (not all white) and a orange-red, curved ceramic tile roof. The summer house can be seen to the left beyond the kids, and Roth Cottage is barely visible in the distance on the far left.

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23 The Living Room in Alice French Cottage with the three bears slightly visible over the fireplace. Large, dark red and black linoleum covered this floor.

24 In 1908, and in 1926 there were 30 students attending Normal High. In 1933, it was called University High.

25 Centered directly south of the main building and west of the gymnasium (built in 1916), it lay between two large red maple trees. Also walnut, elm and catalpa. This wading pool was dedicated July 24, 1925. "... The pool was built at a cost of $500.00, and included an aquarium, ornamental drinking fountain, and four cement benches. (Do you think this was also the time in which the village bench was constructed, also of reinforced concrete?)

26 The monumental cast iron steps, were supported by piers of limestone. It had a "tubular style fire escape." (it had an interior shiny steel slide just like a slides on the playgrounds.) Main building. Metal ceilings with pressed in designs. Tom O'Connell

27 You tell us.

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Jane Delano was a World War I Registered Nurse. A photograph of her in a black cape (which also showed a missing finger on her right hand) use to hang just inside the main door way. RETURN TO PREVIOUS QUESTION

29 Do you know?

30 Do you know?

31 Girls Row: Lincoln Cottage is seen on the right in this Richard Wachter-furnished Photograph at the top (in progress), Wood, Fifer, Oglesby, Yates, Logan, Grant, Illinois Number of Girl cottages 9 with Sheridan.

Boys Row: Hubbard, Roosevelt, Wilson, Pershing, Chateau Thiery (spelling?), Lawton, Bell, Cantigny Number of boy cottages 8; 9 when Horner Hall was a boy's cottage.

32 west

33 Assistant farmer and manager of the Boys' Hall in the Administration Building, E. S. Palmer was born in Empire township, McClean County on May 27, 1875. Married Emma Naffziger of Danvers, Illinois on December 28, 1898 and they were the parents of six children. Mr Palmer retired from IS&SCS on January 1, 1947 with a record of over 36 years of interrupted service, most of which was spent in working with his boys in the home. References to him can be found in the Bloomington Public Library.

34 It was located west of the vocational shop (the guy who taught woodwork, arts and crafts was Fred Knuppel.
Roland Grey taught metal crafts, electrical,
Max Honn was the printing instructor, and supervised the printing of the Felmley Flashes.) building and, together with the incinerator and adjacent tennis court, they both were parallel to Felmley Junior High on the north. Tom O'Connell

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35 walnut, elm, catalpa, red maple

"The American Legion an Auxiliary, United Spanish War Veterans, and the Sons of Veterans planted nearly 900 shrubs -lilacs in the Village- and a number of trees." (Still all but gone in 1999 )

36 The laundry was directly west from the coal fired power plant.

37 "...In 1925, the Chicago Daily News Radio Fund gave the home a master radio. The Department of Illinois American Legion bought and had telephone lines and speakers placed in all the cottages, boys' hall, chapel, isolation quarters, and the hospital building."

38 Prepared in the main kitchen, I was the designated kid from Jane Delano who was assigned to take a round trip with a wagon to get the prepared food in a three-stack aluminum container. Carrying food to cottages. Children were given the detail of carrying the sectional containers, at least during the war. We always carried milk to the cottage in a small milk can. Tom O'Connell

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39 Joe the Cook, and Coach Foy are pictured in this 1936 swimming pool building.

40 Painted plaster plant and flower bas relief

41 September, 1948. A black, 4 door 1949 Buick Roadmaster with a Dynaflow drive

42 I don't know.

43 Schwinn bikes could be checked out at 6PM from the Recreation Room helper who hung out beneath the cast iron steps of the Main building. (Orange Trumpet vines draped both sides of the steps.) In the distance to the left is the arched, limestone Gymnasium entrance. Below me, the road leads directly West to the Bloomington-Normal Bus Lines stop at 400 E. Lincoln Street. What was the intersecting st. called?. (The modest wooden shelter was at the edge of Bright's Farm Market property.) Leroy Brush was at the home from 1935, my brother Richard Brush drove me to Chicago in 1951, and thereafter I was known as Leif Brush.

44 I was very interested in sound, electronics and the networking concepts of the National Broadcasting Company's hookup of radio station via AT&Ts wires in the US..

It was in 2007 that I first heard of Paul Otlet.

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after 1910 S. H. Knox postcard from IS&SCS Archives

Order your copy of A Place We Called Home edited and compiled by Ruth Cobb, contact:
Jill Munro Vernon
(309) 829-1800
e-mail: vern.ja@verizon.net
Please put "ISSCS History Book" in the subject line.
mail order cost is $23 (includes shipping cost)

Very nice Ruth and I'm very satisfied that with the inclusion of your a
place called home, that the IS&SCS Annals will sustain a national archives.
(I also heard from a contributor who wrote that she was from the ISSCHome.)
Does this preclude an epilogue? I hope it remains an inviting and open
ended opportunity-since it's possible for generational input from grand
or great grandchildern reader-contrubutors. Sincerely, leif BRUSH

"...Yes, they are still actively seeking archival material and reminiscences from Home Kids, former employees, and from family members. You are correct about the need for the inclusion of memories of the children and grandchildren of those whose lives were touched by the Home. It's all part of the ongoing story!"- Ruth Cobb

IS&SCS was/is a special and specific Place: (submit your Internet photographs and personal page(s) here)

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The Receiving Buiilding is barely visibile directly West (left).

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----Original Message-----
From: RICHARD W WACHTER [mailto:gabbyhawkeye@msn.com]
Sent: Sunday, September 07, 2008 9:00 PM
To: Bill Wachter; ALAN and Helen Ross; blblunk Blunk; Fred Williams; Janet Wilson; Pat Burnham; Polly Lathrop; Pat Castro; leif brush; Lou Williams; Joe Green; Joy Robinson; Lill Beebe
Subject: FRIDAY NIGHT FOOTBALL SCORES - Sept. 5 (2nd Week)

Hi Everyone,
Well most of us are back from the ISSCS reunion in
Normal, Illinois and we all who attended had a great
time visiting and telling stories about the good old days
when we were all so young and innocent. My thanks
go out to Patty Burnham and Joe Green and his Mrs.
who traveled such a long distance to be with us. It
was great to see you all and the time spent was well
worth it. To the Williams's, Bill Wachter, and so many
that came I shall never forget the good times we had.
Can we do it again in 2 years when we all get just a
bit older and wiser?

Sorry I am late with the scores but had to wait till
I returned home from the reunion at ISSCS. Yes,
it is still there and will never be forgotten by many
of us. We are all very proud of that place and how
it managed through the years to influence how our
lives turned out. As I said to the last Supt. of that
place, "We all will never forget how ISSCS was such
a high-point in our young lives. There may not be
any orphanages still in existance but they were there
many years ago for the youth of our nation." You
know I think I saw a tear or two in his eyes when
I made that statement while we were there for the
lunch and the dedication ceremonies.

P.S. I have to say something about my grandson
Travis who is now playing JV football for
Gladbrook-Reinbeck in Iowa. He in his first
game gained 120 yards and scored 2
touchdowns in that game which ended
38 to 0 in their favor. He says that his big
goal this season (as a sophomore) is to
block a punt which he came very close to
doing in his first game. So Travis is on his
way to a great season and Grandma and
Gramps hope he successes continue.
Have a great week everyone.
Signing off. Gabby Wachter


From: Pat Burnham <pat.burnham@together.net>

To: RICHARD W WACHTER <gabbyhawkeye@msn.com>
Bill Wachter <bwjw2@earthlink.net>
ALAN and Helen Ross <alsross@msn.com>
blblunk Blunk <blblunk@ilstu.edu>
Fred Williams <muffin1@GreaterBaynet.com>
Janet Wilson <janilou1@comcast.net>
Polly Lathrop <plathrop160@comcast.net>
Pat Castro <Cast3770@aol.com>
leif brush <lbrush@d.umn.edu>
Lou Williams <freebluesky83@yahoo.com>
Joe Green <j2green@comcast.net>
Joy Robinson <rwr0406@yahoo.com>
Lill Beebe <wbeebe8569@aol.com>

Dear Gabby,

I believe I've caught up today on all of your e-mail since our time together as ISSCS last Saturday. I deeply appreciate your motivating me to get there. As you know, I timed other visits in Bloomington/Normal and southern Illinois to coincide with the ISSCS event. The lunch table time together was the most special time at ISSCS for me, but I truly enjoyed the dedication of the statue and the tributes of various dignitaries to the history of the Home. You may recall that I lived in Normal again from 1963-1979, so most of those I saw the rest of the week date back to that later period. One link was Jill Vernon, now on the ISSCS board as community liaison. She recognized me when I went in to lunch last week as having been her children's literture professor at ISSCS! 'guess the totally light gray hair doesn't completely change one's appearance.

Do you know who the statue sculptor was? After reading the advance and the follow-up Pantagraph articles and all of the materials provided last week at the event, I can't figure out who the artist was. I talked for awhile in the lunch line with Zelvin Mitchell and note that he's on the board and participated in the ceremony, but I didn't know at the time to ask him.

As part of my longer visit there, a friend and I walked quite a length of the Constitution Trail and toured what is now called "Uptown Normal" with a young woman from the Town offices who described all of the development plans for the area. When I lived in Normal, I never thought of the town was having a "Plan." My dad actually served on the town council in the late sixties, but I never heard such grand plans.

I enjoyed having good conversations with your brother, Bill, as well as with Joe and Jeanne, Fred, and others.

Thanks once again for your special role in encouraging me to join you.



Pat Burnham

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IS&SCS site, west from the Gymnasium
The original ornament was a three level concrete fountain dribbling water from the top and whose overflowing bowls eventually spilled into a concrete basin. In the photograph below this reservoir has been filled-in with a sandy-soil-mixture and has several varigated ground covers atop. The central jet black painted ready made lamp post, does it light up? I suspect not, it appears to be symbolic of the earlier water-flowing fountain. The traditional figurative metal works remain as unidentified bronze statues and tie every past and present home kid in a perpetual "Circle of Friendship." (
e.g./i.e. http://www.bangor.ac.uk/~mas010/thsarticle.html) These photographs are from the dedication locale.

Here, a few moments in time of the dedication around the original IS&SCS fountain site and directly south of our former, and memory-laden, old main building. Ceremony hosted mostly by native orphans and some of whom arrived well into the late seventies- before the Eagle came down. This newly built encircling stone wall sets at the fast feet of a bronze figurative tableau. A perspiring touch of "realism" relies on the Green-patinated t shirts on the backs of youthful energies. The embossed enamel September 2008 plaque underscores this commemorative Normal Illinois public "stage.".

Left-near the dedication site- includes Fred Williams. Lous Williams, Gabby Wachter, Paul Goetz, Bill Wachter, Joe Green & wife, Jim Ahng

Sports reporter Gabby Wachter gives Zelvin Mitchell a "broadcast" covering his photo journal (journey)

Lou Williams stirred up some memories (and created new relationships with its current owners) during an invited visit to the refurbished interior of his brother Robert's former Boys Row Cottage, Lawton



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