WAIT FOR THE DOWNLOAD TO COMPLETE

Leif Brush

 prereqs you must be familiar with the Mac prior to class

3030 software/hardware

you are graded only for what you do with them

Class size & expectations

direction, content & evaluate  

 Guide to Multimedia &

QuickTimePRO

  OK, whose got a different idea?

 class partners

  assistance, feedback, 2nd opinion & another perspective

 workshops

TBA

  become familiar with the limited hardware & software; what have you not thought about?

  classes

 what's likely to happen

 demos

demos & labs are some key elements of the class

 assignments

never been there? see & hear for yourself People aren't sounds are they? 

 labs

 schedule & reserve ahead for all your assignments & projects

first time web page? click here

  headstart & getting started

  see connections, plan ahead & self pacing

 summary/project

 personal focus: clarifying, understanding research, concepts & write briefly about your process

 resources

you're not alone in this "discover" class

 Copyright issues

 respecting the rights of others' work
I will Email you details of upcoming session information or changes in the syllabus calendar.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

class size We are limited because of the software and hardware availability . This hands-on class will introduce you to the capabilities and potentials of technologies past and present. Mechanical devices, analog and digital recording & editing, computer applications & internet pages

Students in this class will work on interdisciplinary, sometimes collaborative projects linking the traditional arts to the emerging electronically-based technologies. Regular attendance is expected. inform me otherwise by email

Good planning skills are essential for successfully completing this course. We'll strive toward this goal with continuity in the labs, workshops and assignments. When your project goals become clearer, I hope that the ongoing interactions with everyone in class will help motivate you toward defining a major project and summary paper. Multimedia presentation due dates: Day school: May 13 and 14 in VK 131 at 2:PM . Night school: May 9 and 16 in VK 131 at 6:PM

expectations The lab, field work and access to some limited software and hardware will be on a rotating basis for work on assignments, research and your major project.

Each student is to do linked pages to your existing web page(s), or, create new ones during this semester incorporating three 3030 softwares, a multimedia project and summarizing paper.

Sixth week evalautions are due. On March 4, 6, 11 or 13th you will be expected to discuss your probable direction. You may propose a final project at any time that serves your own interests. We'll also discuss your ongoing plans during the mid-term individual crits on the date you've selected.

You'll be expected to expand on those web page(s) done last semester by at least 2-3 additional links, or create new ones. Suggested aspects could include streamable projects (option z), realtime Internet interaction using Quick Time VR Authoring Studio, PanoWorx, ObjectWorx, SceneWorx, gif,.mov & AIFF files, etc., Quick Time sound and video, sound editing and computer projections. The elements used in your project should result in an integrated whole work and be later briefly detailed in your summarizing paper. The projected and sound-amplified presentation of this project is due (day) May 14 or 16th (night class only) May 9 or 16.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

class partners (collaboration) You are encouraged to work collaboratively to complete lab assignments. You may already know someone registered for this class with whom you would like to work (let me know today). To identify partners for other students, we will follow the class listing. Software and hardware will be available on a rotating basis for your use as a team (i.e., share one software, camera, recorder or tripod; however, each person is to create their own saved files and images). Individually, your goal will be to participate in the Labs, create your own major project and final paper. Go over class list checking registrations.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

classes In the spirit of cooperation, please be sure to let someone know besides you and your class partner what you have reserved or intend to reserve, e.g., lab equipment, a particular software on VK 131 computers, any equipment, and especially cameras, tripods, lenses and Ouick Time VR equipment.

UMD students, not only those in this class, are eligible to check out most of the equipment from Equipment Loan you'll be using , so early reservations are extremely important. At times, the equipment you want may not be available.

Use the calendar below to determine where our tuesday & thursday classes will take place. I will email you in advance of any plan changes. The rooms for our use also include Engr 236, Library 409 and VK 131. (remember, as a registered student, you have a reserved seat in VK 131 during tuesday & thursday class hours, and you have priority use of the lab over someone who is not registered for the class) .Discuss with me as soon as you have become familiar with the hardware and software you are likely to focus upon for use. to January calendar

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Use the library or Internet to search available URLs which may be related to the direction of your possible project.

Become familiar with topics and concepts in (in the UMD bookstore) as these may help shape your interests during and beyond this semester.

(in the UMD bookstore) for MAC and WIN--if you elect the streaming, Parsons/environmental options

Also refer to the January syllabus calendar.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Workshops

DETAILS OF

3030 is structured to be roughly in 3rds. During the first weeks (approx. to February 27th) you will need to become somewhat familiar with the computer hardware, cameras, software, and other equipment that will be sharable by you and your class partner. This will be approached through class demonstrations. We'll talk about scheduling your use of these resources. Please be very careful in their uses, particularly the camera tripods. Reserve these from Karl Oman and/or equipment loan-underneath the Library (6222). Pick up and return the equipment on time.

When you and your class partner share a single software, both won't be expected to learn it completely; just set your individual objectives and each go for them separately. You'll probably find favorites among everything available to you, but for now, try 'em all 'til you're ready to put it all together.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

demos

Workshops, demos and labs are key elements

of the class and will be held in the rooms as announced here:

 

I will Email you details of upcoming session information or changes in the calendar and information about what's ahead.

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labs

To use the small lab Engr 236, you and your class partner must reserve the lab itself from me for the class period or a portion of it and the piece of equipment you plan to use. This space, along with the VK131 lab, is available to work on assignments and your project. Remember, some equipment is liimited (e.g., we have only one four track, reel-to-reel audio recorder to use for surroundsound recordings).

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

headstart:

A. if you elect to begin with a web page, create a Root folder like this and save in your Zip.

create a separate folder for each multimedia form you're likely to experiment with; however, place all these folders in your Root folder, e.g., lbrush Root !

The UMD server public sofware is Pagemill. A very basic web page authoring software for first time users. The Dreamweaver look however has a steeper learning curve and offers a heck of a lot more options.

(Save your files images, videos, QTVRs, sounds, Simple Text and HTMLs etc. in your Root folder.)

Get or share with your class partner a:

B. Class text: Pocket Guide to Multimedia (school store), 1.5 floppy(s), 30 0r 60 VHS tape, Zip cartridge or Orb (avail. for use in SBE17) ,

C30 or C60 audio cassette, and a MiniDV 30 or 60 tape.

These media are available in the UMD Computer Corner (or BestBuy).

NOTE where the scanners(2?) and 10-USB floppy drives are for transfering imaging files are located.

This hardware will be identified either by a notice on the front, simply by checking each machine, or asking the lab assistant or someone in class.

C. X look overthis equipment list after our visit to Audio/Visual

D. - 1. Making a panoramic .mov

2. Begin here! Open this QTVR User's manual here

3. Reserve the Mavica camera; tripod and follow the instructions given above

 

 

 

4. Use the split screen setup below for any of your tutorials using the ART 3030 softwares.

*Open QUICK TIME AUTHORING STUDIO from your hard drive

 

*Open the QuickTime VR user's Manual.pdf on your desktop and choose Making a Panorama From an existing Panoramic Image

 

 

*Resize both of these side by side to fit yourscreen like so...

and proceed w/this tutorial after you have used the Mavica and tripod.

 

* Make arrangements with Karl Oman and with the help of your class partner each person complete an object or pano project . Reserve and check out a tripod and or digital Mavica camera from Karl or AV.

Open VR ObjectWorx and position the PDF file on the left. Open the tutorial and place it as shown. Follow along with the instruction and do the suggestions. Do the same tutorial as rerquired for Quick Time Authoring Studio.

review Syllabus or

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Listening / Hearing

listen, v.i. to give ear or hearken : to follow advice.

-n. art of listening.
-n. listener, one who listens or hearkens (hearken, v.i. - to hear attentively)

hear, v.t. to perceive by the ear : to
accede to : to listen to : to listen to in trial of ability to
repeat : to be informed : to be a hearer of. -
v.i. to have or exercise the sense ofhearing : to listen : to have news of or from : to be spoken of ...

Chambers Twentieth Century Dictionary

*

"The next time you need an unusual sound effect, I hope you'll
look beyond stock sources and consider a quest to gather your
own. The world is full of sounds---go out and get 'em!
" Rudy Trubitt

 

People aren't sounds are they?
Is there such a thing as silence?

silence, n.

absence of sound : abstention from sounding, speech, mention, or communication : a time of such absence or abstention : taciturnity : of spirits, flavourlessness, - adj. silent, noiseless : without sound : unaccompanied by sound : refraining from speech, mention, or divulging : taciturn: not pronounced : of distilled spirit, without flavour or odour : inoperative : of the new moon, not yet visible ...

Chambers Twentieth Century Dictionary

Even if I get away from people, do I still have to listen to something? Say I'm off in the woods, do I have to listen to a stream babbling? Is there always something to hear, never any peace and quiet?

John Cage, Communication

Silence

[John Cage's 4' 33" (1952)

may be performed by any instrument or combination of instruments. The performer(s) sit silently on stage for the duration of the piece; the music consists of whatever noises are made by the audience and whatever sounds come from outside the auditorium.]

I have spent many pleasant hours in the woods conducting performances of my silent piece, transcriptions, that is, for an audience of myself, since they were much longer than the popular length which I have had published. At one performance, I passed the first movement by attempting the identification of a mushroom which remained successfully unidentified. The second movement was extremely dramatic, beginning with the sounds of a buck and doe leaping up to within ten feet of my rocky podium... The third movement was a return to the theme of the first, but with all those profound, so-well-known alterations of world feeling associated by German tradition with the A-B-A.

John Cage, Music Lovers' Field Companion

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

http: resources Check out the UMD Library resources, which also can be used to do complementary research on materials, information and URLs that may be useful to you, in addition to those you obtain from the Internet.
We will be using the Internet examples below to search and find background information, and to understand and clarify concepts, topics and subjects which are to be discussed and used in our class meetings. Some examples we have found.

reasons and examples why we are not alone at this time and in this place.................................................................................................................................................

   The multimedia installations of Remo Campopiano  Former UMD student and photographer John Alspach The Emergent Systems of Kenneth E. Rinaldo  "Highly powered virtual stills & animations"  Is technology a veil? Tina LaPorta

 installation, painting and performanceVasyl Bazhay: The Labyrynth
 web sound, looping & image installation too fast to copyBalthaser Studio      Art 5030:works to bring nearer Art, Science and Technology. ACROE-- broadcasts, theories, artistic objects, material tools and softwares, by research, creation, formation and valorization activities     to ITV explaination            the POP SHOP &all the rest of Keith Haring  
"Your Vampire's Teeth"  STILL IMAGES    A dance choreographed for the web by Molissa Fenley

 After the Taj Mahal music by Chris

topher Penrose

New Twists  

 

Écoutez quatre extraits d'écologie acoustique!

En format Quicktime

  1--get this 2--to get this    

"Imagine designing a
website for the most critically minded and visually literate audiance imaginable
"

hyper-

interactive

WEB PROJECTS

     Get other perspectives about directions now in ART and LIVINGworldwide 2001      

the digital body auto

mata 

 Illusions is a call to reinvest moving images ... past, present and future. Zoe Beloff  

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

webpage software on the G4s in VK131:

NOTE: PAGEMILL 3.0 (for beginners) & DREAMWEAVER 4 (has a challenging learning curve!) --are UMD server softwares!

-------------------------------------------------

examples & 3030 software for your use

Some softwares to be used in VK 131 are now on hard drives or may be downloaded from the lab servers:

Getting out of freezes &

keyboard shortcuts for Mac OS 8.5, 8.6, and 9.0

FAQS about QuickTime VR Authoring Studio 1.0 EXAMPLES: SOLTICE Human Movement Men's Dorms Mississippi River, U of M, Weisman Tradewinds & hotspots my 1st QTVR MOVIES lstice Solstice( object movies: a b c d) RevolVR makes QuickTime VR movies automatically rotate when displayed: slow version fast version object movie" SoundsaVR what does it do? Examples: direct sound B C" (is on 4 G4s-- this allows the embedding of sound spots in QuickTime VR movies and is on 7 G4s--and makes Quick Time VR "movies" rotate);

MapsaVR (get manual)--examples: * *(long wait) is on 3 G4s add maps to photographic or rendered singlenode and
multinode QTVR panorama movies
; NodeSaVR with maps

VRObjectWorx (is on 6 G4s--and creates rotateable objects-get serial #s from me) VRPanoWorx ,

VRSCENEWorx &The VR WORX--is on 6 & 1 G4s respectively and creates panorama "movies; get serial #s from me" conVRter edits the horizontal, vertical and zoom angles, extracting pictures from panoramas or a single node from a multinode panorama. Sound Edit16/2 Tutorial aural pleasure

DECK (digital audio editors ) Canary 2.1 (is on 4 G4s-- sound effects and lets you "see" sound patternsGifConverter, Gifbuilder? can be imported to your desktop from the Lab_Server/Utilities; customize images; and others will be on G4s and available from the UMD Lab Server. QuickTime 5.0 (is on all G4s; this playsback sound and video files from NETSCAPE.) Icab or Internet Explorer, + best place to download a quicktime 4 player

(( above ground\ is an internet radio show streaming quicktime audio every sunday - 8p to 11p CST - listen)) QTmovies (explanation)
QuickTime 5.0

art and design

OSX Server , Sorenson Broadcaster (Overview Tutorial)

Sorenson Video3 could be available as class option Z.

TUTORIAL: what is QUICKTIME Internet streaming?

get the feel of roboCam

 

hardware: Reserve and pickup the Mavica and Panasonic digital video cameras from 726 6222; see Karl Oman to checkout the Sony DV cameras, tripods (for panos, etc.), and the Oman object making rig.

Recap Being A Registered student for this class, you will be assured of a seat in VK 131 during our class hours. This should be rememberd, for instance, if you and your class partner have just concluded an hour recording video and created sound in nature or in another of our rooms.or back to FA1300

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

assignments

Experiment with Art3030 hardware and the software demos & tutorials. Determine what you need & wish to know. Work out your objectives and web page themes. Begin your learning process. Not including PageMill or Dreamweaver (or whatever you are now using and familiar with), include at least three of the Art 3030 softwares in any of your new or updated and linked web pages. When using Dreamweaver you are able to test any pages by going off line and use Netscape, Icab or Explorer for previewing. After you have uploaded the entire contents of your root folder to the a UMD server, you will be able to see your page and the page you sent on Netscape side by side on your monitor. (Ask if you need assistance w/this.)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

SUMMARY PAPER Write a brief overall fall semester summary and the results of your objective, and include an emphasis as to how your work related directly to this class. Keep your summary in the TEXT/HTML folder of your Root folder. A Simple Text document (or whatever you now use) in your Root folder is preferred. Or. If you have a hard copy of your summary, hand that in.

final project Your major project should have integrated
new or updated pages this semester with a minimum of two 3030 softwares enabling digitally manipulated original and/or canned sound
(CD, MP3, cassette); pano, object or a scene project using the tripod and/or Koman object maker; scanned 3d objects, original or found images; Mavica stills; digital audio & video files).

Copy your root folder to my desk top icon on those designated, specific computers: "sprart30301&2" following your multimedia presentation.

Final days for presenting & projecting your work: Day class, May 34,14, 2PM in VK131; Night class May 9, 16, 6PM in VK 131.

No incompletes will be accepted.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 



Copyright issues

Individual artists in any media hold the copyright to their work. If you are using the work of someone else, you need to secure their permission. The MPEG3, sound artists and the music industry, for example, depend upon copyright law to enable artists and publishers to get fairly compensated for their works. Unauthorized copying or distribution of copyrighted music or other artworks is an infringement of the copyright holder's rights.

or to ait main page

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

art in technologies prereqs

During first day attendance, I will check your transcript or APAS; have the prereqs highlighted, as appropriate for the course level below:

3030: prereq Art 1013
5030: prereqs Art 3030, 1013

Students who do not have these requirements will be asked to drop the class. As per
School of Fine Arts policy, those who don't drop on their own will be
dropped by SFA Student Affairs.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Again, what in the heck is MP3 (if you DON'T know?

How can I make my own MP3's from CDs, AIFFs, QuickTime sounds, or WAVs? SoundJam MP Internet Download Mac $39.95

Making your own MP3s or AIFFs 2--Starter Sites with Downloadable MP3s and Internet Streaming MP3s 3--You can also play MP3 streams over the Internet

see legislation/hr2281.pdf) http://www.techweb.com/wire/story/TWB19980707S0017
See also copyright information on the web from the federal Office of Copyrights.

"What is piracy? It's a marketing problem. These people are your customers. If they're pirating it, they like it." Steve GradyGoodNoise

"MPEG Audio personally, i find mpeg layer 3 audio to be one of the biggest and best things to hit the internet since uuencoding.for those non-versed in mpeg layer 3 audio, basically it compresses any type of audio into a very manageable size,more importantly, a VERY transportable size. basically, what it comes down to is, about 3 to 5 megabytes for atypical song, or about 1 megabyte per minute, versus around 175kb/sec (10MB/minute). see what i mean ?so, you're asking, where does this leave us ? it leaves us with the record labels in a panic, and in a fiscal fervor. ikinda like that. i mean, personally, i listen, and if i like, i buy. plain and simple. what is pissing the record labels offis that they can't have any of these groups have one super hit single, and expect me to buy the album, hoping it'sgood, cuz i've downloaded it, and heard the whole thing. so i ain't gonna waste no $12 on some stupid, lame ass CDthe other, is a benefit to the record labels, of course they don't see any benefits at all. you are introduced to manyother types of music, and some that you would have never listened to before. and then you go and buy the albums.(example: a (pretty popular) artist who i had never given much thought to, was introduced (formally) to me via mpeg3, i now own over 11 CD's by that artist. it was, and still is possible to download every single one of thoseCD's, but i'd rather support the artist (and inevitably, the record label)." yada yada yada

return to copyright

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


 

 

 

that relates to these areas which will be discussed in class, including:

Analog sound sensors

Mikes and tape recorders

Combining intermedia, multimedia

Video monitors, computer and video projectors in performance

Sonification software to visualize sound patterns

Virtual reality, sound and surround sound, computer and video projections

Computer editing for interactive TV (dayschool only)

Collaborative projects

Expanding on you exisitng Internet pages

An introduction to MIDI [digitalsound/music handling]

imaging technologies.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Selecting different compression rates is essential for makeing the best use of your Orb disc, and here are samples. 1."the movie is 240x180 at 10 frames per
second, compressed to a data-rate of 25k
with a file size of 1mb..............
2.the 56K/ISDN movie is 160x120 at 7.5
frames per second, compressed to a
data-rate of 15k with a file size of 600k..............
3.the 28.8 movie is 120x90 at 5 frames per
second, compressed to a data-rate of 9k
with a file size of 360k............... the audio is compressed using the pro version of
the
qdesign music codec").

In Engr 236 you may reserve 1computer and software that could be used to alter/transform your sound files.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

We meet where? VK 131

Spring Term 2002 This class will be broken down roughly as follows

Art 3030 assignments/Labs:

1/3

Input--experimentation & software familiarization/ by February 27

/root folder/web page/resources (organize your image, sound & HTML files and folders)

 

1/3 (mid term indiv crits regarding your root folder)

CONTENT / conceptualization & structuring plans (unique pages & linkages) by April 3

1/3Output / content organized and due (Internet, PDF, DAT, CD, QT streaming, etc)--Final Group Class presentation by May 14 or 16th

Plan to do the assignments & lab work whenever software and hardware is available to you and your partner. Lab and work days will be part of the class schedule.

Decide on your objective or theme and begin this process from notes, work that you are now doing, and sketch the elements you'll be useing as a script. Do pictures communicate better than words? After you become familiar with the Mavica digital still camera, begin to create these images using the camera, scanner and sounds, and SimpleText,centering around your theme. Use PageMill 3.0 (or whatever) to navigate around your pages. Use this brainstorming process to explore what your final Art 3030 project will be. Comments relating to your still images and sounds should be written in either Pagemill, Word, SimpleText or spoken by you into the cassette recorder and should follow your theme.

 

Your completed multimedia webpages & computer-projected presentation are due: May 14 or 16th
(projects are free choice among Art 3030 softwares -discuss w/me anytime)

RETURN TO Asignments

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Workshops

SUBSTUTUES &/OR CHANGES WILL BE ANNOUNCED IN ADVANCE VIA EMAIL

We meet where?

Room numbers-- to be announced and/orVK 25, 131

RETURN TO Workshops

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Assignment -EXTRA CREDIT This may entail a more focused area of your interest and could be either a recycled or a completely new approach to any assignment.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The Visual Array and Three-dimensional Space

Also thought of as the 'Immediate' and the 'Inferred/Predicted'
respectively, these categories refer to the way people relate to visual
information.

The 'visual array' or 'immediate' visual information is that which can be
thought of as a two dimensional pattern such as that which is seen in a
photograph. The basis of analysis is the pattern of light and dark in the
image, as well as the organisation of the 'picture plane'.

'Three-dimensional space', now more commonly referred to as the predicted
or inferred, gives us a chance to predict the future of a given scene. This
can be achieved because of Homo sapiens ability to perceive the depth of a
space and thus project what might happen if we move through it (or
something moves toward the viewer!). This may be thought of in terms of
'informational opportunities' and 'informational dangers' (Appleton, 1975).