Stephen Chilton

Lynne Rienner Publishers, Boulder and London

First edition published in the United States of America in 1991 by
Lynne Rienner Publishers, Inc., 1800 30th Street, Boulder, Colorado 80301

and in the United Kingdom by
Lynne Rienner Publishers, Inc., 3 Henrietta Street, Covent Garden, London WC2E 8LU

© 1991 by Lynne Rienner Publishers, Inc. All rights reserved

Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data

Chilton, Stephen.
Grounding political development / by Stephen Chilton.
p. cm.
Includes bibliographical references and index.
ISBN 1-55587-172-0
1. Political culture-Philosophy. 2. Political development-Philosophy.
1. Title
JA75.7.C47 1990 90-27769
306.2-dc2O CIP

British Cataloguing in Publication Data

A Cataloguing in Publication record for this book is available from the British Library.

Printed and bound in the United States of America

The paper used in this publication meets the requirements of the American National Standard for Permanence of Paper for Printed Library Materials Z39.48-1984.


Acknowledgments vii
1 Introduction 1
2 The Analytical Method 11
3 Detailed Justification of the Five Fundamental Theoretical Requirements 23
4 Other Suggested Fundamental Theoretical Requirements 43
5 Two Recent Conceptions of Political Development 49
6 Defining Political Culture 57
7 Culture Is the Locus of Development 87
8 The "Ways of Relating" Perspective 95
9 The Political Practice of Genetic Epistemology 101
Bibliography 121
Index 129
About the Book and the Author 135


The nature of this work - the multiplicity of its issues and its concern with both exposition and defense - gives me the privilege of acknowledging a variety of friends and colleagues for a variety of contributions.

I am indebted to George Graham and Richard Kimber for their comments on Chapter 2, especially about the singularity or multiplicity of conceptualizations and about the relationship between normative commitments and conceptualizations. An earlier version of Chapter 4 was presented It the 1987 annual meeting of the American Political Science Association, at the roundtable "What Is Political Development?" I am indebted to Professors Robert Bates, James Caporaso, John Kress, Monte Palmer, Fred W. Riggs, Ezra N. Suleiman, and several anonymous reviewers for their encouragement and intelligent commentary. A shorter version of Chapter 6 appeared in the Western Political Quarterly 4l, 3(September 1988):419-445; I gratefully acknowledge the Quarterly's permission to use this material. An early version of this work was delivered at the 1986 annual meeting of the Midwest Political Science Association. Professors Leonard Champney, Lynn Deming, Stephen Douglas, Siegrun Fox, Craig Grau, John Kress, Beth Lau, Dean Mann, Richard Merritt, Lucian Pye, Steve Ropp, Manfred Wenner, Gadi Wolfsfeld, and several anonymous journal reviewers gave earlier incarnations of this chapter close. critical readings that sparked important improvements. My research into the conceptualization of political culture was supported in part by a grant from the College of Arts and Sciences Research Center, New Mexico State University, and in part by the hospitality of the Political Science Department, University of Illinois. An early version of Chapter 7 was presented at the panel, "Culture and Societal Development," at the 1989 annual meeting of the International Studies Association. This research was supported in part by a grant from the Office of International Education, University of Minnesota. I am indebted to Professors Tsuneo Akaha, John Kress, Han Park-, and Yoshimitsu Takei for their comments. Eve Cole, Susan Coultrap-McQuin, Gerald Gaus, and Paul Sharp helped me think about Chapter 8. Earlier versions of Chapter 9 were presented at the 1988 annual meeting of the Southern Political Science Association and at the 1989 annual meeting of the Caucus for a New Political Science. I am indebted to Patricia Burn, Jonathan Casper, Harvey Jackins, Karl Magyar, John Martz, Patricia Morris, Monte Palmer, Han Park, David Smith, and three anonymous reviewers for encouragement and the expressions of doubt and confusion about genetic epistemology that inspired this work. A preliminary version of this chapter appears in Studies in Comparative International Development 25, 2 (Summer 1990):3-23.

My friends Craig Grau, Stephanie Hemphill, Don Kurtz, and Mara Sapon-Shevin maintained an attitude of relaxed confidence in and high expectations for me throughout the course of this work. As always, I deeply appreciate tile professional assistance of Lynne Rienner and her friendly, competent staff. Of course, any remaining loose ends, confusions, and errors remain my responsibility, not that of the dear friends and colleagues listed above.

Stephen Chilton

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