2005-01-26
 

FOR DOWNLOADING FILES FROM

WAYS OF RELATING

(in preparation)

Stephen Presler Chilton

[Instructions for using this web page are here.]

RECENT (< 2 WEEKS) ADDITIONS ["+"] AND UPDATES ["~"]:

~ 20050822:  "Looking the Other in the Eye" As a Guide for Policymaking  [WP10] | [pdf] | [html]

~ 20031213:  Looking Each Other in the Eye: Interpersonal Morality and Social Justice within a Common Moral Universe  [WP10] | [pdf] | [html]

~ 20030805:  Case Study: Our Relationships with Animals and Other Moral Patients — and Rocks?  [WP10] | [pdf] | [html]

~ 20030214:  Stage 3, Stage 6  [WP10] | [pdf] | [html]
~ 20030214:  Bibliography  [WP10] | [pdf] | [html]

 

PART/CHAPTER/ESSAY OF THE BOOK

COMPL-
ETION
LEVEL

LAST
UPDATE
yyyymmdd

Prospectus . .
Embracing the Dialectical Tension in Authenticity, Morality, and Social Justice  [WP10] | [pdf] | [html]
[This is an overview essay originally written as a conference paper on my work.]
3 20021016

_WOR.wpd:  THE BOOK'S OVERALL TABLE OF CONTENTS  [WP10] | [pdf] | [html]
N/A 20020706
Epigraphs  [WP10] | [pdf] | [html] N/A 20021027
Acknowledgements . .
Preface . .

Table:  The Four Levels of the Ways of Relating Perspective  [WP10] | [pdf] | [html]

4

20020510

Introduction  [WP10] | [pdf] | [html]
5 20020427
The Logical Structure of Dialectical Systems  [WP10] | [pdf] | [html]
 I An Abstract Definition 
 II Examples 
 III Consequences of Understanding Morality Non-dialectically 
 Addendum/Appendix:  The Ways of Relating Perspective on Speech and Writing 
 Appendix:  Questions and Answers
10 20021027


PART I:
THE INTRAPERSONAL:
RELATING TO ONESELF


CHAPTER 1:  Authenticity and the Sense of the Good [WP10] | [pdf] | [html]

N/A 20020905
The Sense of the Good  [WP10] | [pdf] | [html]
 I Introduction to "good" [lower-case] 
  A Other meanings of "good" [lower-case] 
  B "Goods" or "needs"? 
 II The Good [Upper-case] as an Abstraction;  its Self-regardingness;  and its Moral Neutrality 
  A "Goods";  "a Good";  "one of my Goods"
  B "My Sense of the Good";  "my Good"
  C The Good is self-regarding 
  D The Good is morally neutral:  the Good vs. the Right / Ethics vs. Morality 
  E Origins of the Good 
 III The Good Is Individual and Specific 
 IV The Good Is One's Autonomous Choice 
 V One's Sense of the Good Is Malleable 
 VI "There's No Disputing Taste"
 VII Nevertheless, We Can Meaningfully Engage Each Other about Taste 
 VIII Engagement Can Change Either Party 
 IX The Münchhausen Trilemma and Our Inability to Prove That Something Is Good 
 X Conflict Between Goods 
 XI Are Goods Hierarchical? 
 XII The Internal Experience of Goodness, Beauty, Virtue, etc.
7 20020905
Personas, IROGs, and Authenticity  [WP10] | [pdf] | [html]
 I The Problem of Pursuing Multiple Goods 
 II The Concept of a Persona 
 III Personas Are Fully Human 
 IV What Sort of Reality Do Personas Have? 
 V The Problems of Having a Multiplicity of Goods and Personas 
 VI Reconciling Conflicting Goods through IROGs [Internal Reconciliations of the Good] 
 VII IROGs Are Non-rational and Contingent 
 VIII The Concept of Authenticity 
 IX Case Study:  Why Be Authentic?  The Welcomeness of Authenticity 
  A Two ways to understand the question 
  B An unsatisfactory answer;  a different question 
  C The lived experience of authenticity and inauthenticity 
QUESTIONS & ANSWERS
8 20020905
Therapeutic Discourse  [WP10] | [pdf] | [html]
 I Issues with IROGs 
 II Senses of the Good Can Be Severely Unreconciled 
 III Therapeutic Discourse Is for Authenticity 
 IV Therapeutic Discourse Is Useful 
 V Therapeutic Discourse Can Be Necessary:  Recovering Authenticity by Reconciling the Alienated Personas 
 VI Conditions for Therapeutic Discourse 
  A Against some misuses and misunderstandings of therapeutic discourse 
  B No fixed theory 
  C Therapeutic discourse must be mutual 
 VII No Guarantee of Success
8 20020930
Case Study:  Multiple Personalities  [WP10] | [pdf] | [html]
 I The Concept of MPD/DID 
 II Controversies 
 III Therapy
. 20020120


PART II:
THE INTERPERSONAL:
RELATING FACE-TO-FACE


CHAPTER 2:  What Exactly Is It to Make a Moral Judgment? -- An Ontology of Morality  [WP10] | [pdf] | [html]

N/A 20020724
Introduction  [WP10] | [pdf] | [html]
 I On Part II ("The Interpersonal:  Relating Face to Face")
 II On the Present Chapter
9 20011215
The Problem of the Right 
 I The Good and the Right 
 II Case Study:  Ethics vs. Morality in the Controversy over Gay Rights 
 III Implications for the Right of the Unprovability of the Good
. .
How Did You Get in Here? — Empathy and the Representation of the Other  [WP10] | [pdf] | [html]
 I Why Empathize? 
 II A Solipsistic, Relativistic Morality? 
 III Morality As Introjection 
 IV Case Study:  The Moral Status of Praise, Blame, Reward, Revenge, Shame, and Guilt 
 V Morality As Cognitive Accomplishment 
 VI Morality and Authenticity 
 VII Empathy vs. Projection / Anthropomorphism
10 20020913
Case Study:  Our Relationships with Animals and Other Moral Patients — and Rocks?  [WP10] | [pdf] | [html]
 I Happy and Me:  The Possibility of Nonlinguistic Agreements 
 II More Animals:  Counseling Charlie's Cat 
 III More Animals:  The Tellington-Touch Method 
 IV Relating to Tigers:  Empathy Without Reciprocity;  Morality Not an Agreement 
 V Anthropomorphization and Empathy:  Is It All Just an Illusion? 
 VI Relating to My Late Father 
 VII Relating to Rocks? 
 VIII The Morality of Cannibalism 
 IX Empathy with the Fetus? 
 X Conclusion
8 20020913
A Summary Formation of the Ways of Relating Perspective:  The Relational Principle  [WP10] | [pdf] | [html]
 I Ways of Relating 
 II The Relational Principle 
 III Case Study:  Assisted Suicide and the Right to Die 
 IV The Issue of False Sincerity 
 V The Agreement Problem and the Acceptance of the Other as Part of One's Moral Universe 
 VI Realism and Reciprocity
10 20020930
Coming to Agreement in a First Moment of Moral Reasoning 
 I The First Moment 
 II The Ways of Relating Perspective and the Utilitarian Impulse
. .
Are Morality and Authenticity Isomorphic? . .
The Problem of Evil, Demons, and Moral Monsters  [WP10] | [pdf] | [html]
 I Defining Evil 
 II The Undecidability of Evil's Existence 
  A Origins within the Other of Behavior Taken to Show S/He Is Evil 
  B Origins within Oneself of False Perceptions of Evil 
 III The WoRP's Approach:  Leaving Evil's Existence Undecidable 
 IV The Usual Approach:  Premature Closure of Inquiry and the Assumption of Evil 
 V Case Study:  The Mugger in Law and Order 
 VI The Civil Trial vs. Mutual Responsibility in a Shared Moral Universe
9 20011215
Why Be Moral?  The Motivation Problem . .


CHAPTER 3:  Morality Beyond Agreement:  Moral Action within Moral Conflict  [WP10] | [pdf] | [html]

N/A 20011215
Introduction . .
The Agreement Problem:  Pragmatic Limits of Empathy, and the Persistence of Disagreement  [WP10] | [pdf] | [html]
 I The Agreement Problem 
 II Why Is It a "Problem"?  Consequences of the Agreement Problem 
  A The use of force and the abandonment of morality 
  B Case study (or maybe just an anecdote) 
  C Encouraging stubbornness and game-playing 
 III Existential Origins of the Agreement Problem 
  A Natural limits of empathy 
  B Variation in senses of the Good 
  C Decisions made willy-nilly 
  D Distress patterns and painful emotion 
 IV Summary
7 20020905
The World Is Imperfect, but That's Just the Way It Is;  No One Is to Blame  [WP10] | [pdf] | [html]
 I Introduction / Synopsis 
 II Imperfection as an existential condition 
 III This is not the same as ignoring imperfection. 
  A Case study:  "Love the sinner;  hate the sin"
  B Case study:  "Life is not fair"
 IV The Perfection Problem:  The Illusions of Blameworthiness and Perfectability and the Harm of Pursuing Personal Perfection
7 20020707
Facing the Agreement Problem in a Second Moment of Moral Judgment  [WP10] | [pdf] | [html]
 I Introduction 
 II Second-order Criteria for Decisions under Disagreement 
 III Friendship When Friendship Fails:  Choosing and Still Loving;  Learning Humility and Detaching Oneself
. 20020918
Beyond the Second Moment:  The Third Moment 
 I Persistent Disagreement Beyond the Second Moment 
 II Grasping the Nettle of Solidarity 
 III A Tragic and Joyful Existence:  The Universe, Synchronicity, and Prayer
. .
The Motivation Problem Reconsidered . .


PART III:
THE SYSTEMIC:
RELATING TO THE GENERALIZED OTHER


CHAPTER 4:  The Nature of Social Justice  [WP10] | [pdf] | [html]

N/A 20020919
Introduction 
 I On Part III ("The Systemic:  Relating to the Generalized Other")
 II On the Present Chapter
. .
Stage 3, Stage 6  [WP10] | [pdf] | [html]
 I Direct vs. Mediated Relationships
 II The Lifeworld Horizon
 III Stage 1, Stage 4
 IV Stage 2, Stage 5
 V Stage 3, Stage 6
 VI Case Study:  Dr. Jefferson's Dilemma
 VII Case Study:  Capital Punishment
 VIII Case Study:  The U.S. Prison System
9 20030214
"... the kind of person who ..."
 I Clausewitz or Character?
 II Case Study:  Do I Have Duties toward My Late Father?
. .
The Primacy of Relationships in the Consideration of Means and Ends . .
The Prior-to-Society Perspective and the Black Box . .
The Only Ultimately Reliable Political Stance Is the Elimination of All Oppression  [WP10] | [pdf] | [html]
 I The Oppression Olympics and the Importance of Solidarity
 II Tactics vs. Strategy in Addressing Oppression
10 20020930


CHAPTER 5:  Political Theory When Political Theory Fails  [WP10] | [pdf] | [html]

N/A 20011215
Introduction . .
Weighing Direct vs. Indirect Relationships . .
We Inherit the Debt of Previous Injustice . .
The "Generalized Other" Problem . .
On the Distinction Between Generalizable and Nongeneralizable Interests . .
Political Theory When Political Theory Fails . .


PART IV:
IMPLICATIONS


CHAPTER 6:  The Ways of Relating Perspective on Some Philosophical / Methodological Issues in Social Science and Political Theory  [WP10] | [pdf] | [html]

N/A 20020706
Introduction 
 I On Part IV ("Implications")
 II On the Present Chapter
. .
Situating Postmodernism in Cognitive-developmental Perspective  [WP10] | [pdf] | [html]
("Situando o Pós-modernismo na Perspectiva do Desenvolvimento Moral-cognitivo" [Translation into Portuguese by Prof. Paulo Krischke]  [WP10] | [pdf] | [html] )

(4)
20020712 
(20020907)
Rousseau's Concept of the General Will . .
Some Problems of Circular Reasoning in Social Science  [WP10] | [pdf] | [html]
 I The Problem 
 II Its Origin in Hermetic Projects 
  A The logical structure of an hermetic project 
  B The sociological structure of an hermetic project 
 III The Treatment of Explanatory Error 
 IV Some Examples 
  A "Human nature"
  B Intelligence 
  C The "failure" of socialism 
  D The mental illness of queers 
 V Dialectical vs. Inductive/Deductive Logic
11 20020726
Strategic Action Is a Distress Pattern . .
The Irrationality of Rational Choice
 I A World without Relationship?
 II Inherent Relationship
 III Rational Choice:  Three Critiques
  A The Rationality of Voting
  B Rational Choice Is a Normative, Not a Neutral Position:  A Critique of Nozick's "Wilt Chamberlain" Example
  C The Relationship Constituted in Rational Choice Theory
. .


CHAPTER 7:  The Ways of Relating Perspective on Some Practical Issues  [WP10] | [pdf] | [html]

N/A 20020706
Introduction . .
The "Natural Method" of Childraising as an Example of the Ways of Relating Perspective and the Relational Principle  [WP10] | [pdf] | [html]
 I What the method is —
  A Brief description;  basic perspective / philosophy
  B History / origins
  C Current usage 
 II Takes the child's interests fully (i.e., equally) into account 
 III After doing so, you (the parent;  usually the mother) try to satisfy them as best you can. 
 IV Making the final decision as an example of the 2nd-order criteria. 
 V Trust in the parent is the first experience of the benign universe. 
 VI The fundamental importance of this raising for the child's entire life. 
 VII Objections to it:
  A "Creates dependence on the mother."
  B "Doesn't ready the child for the realities of life, which is harsh, cruel, and indifferent to h/her interests."
  C I'm sure there are other objections unknown to me.  I want to give the full range of them.
10 20020717
Getting Along with Each Other  [WP10] | [pdf] | [html]
 I The Ways of Relating Perspective on Mediation and Litigation (with Dr. Maria Stalzer Wyant Cuzzo) [This section of the essay, dealing with mediation, as submitted for journal publication]  [WP10] | [pdf] | [html] {Completion level:  4;  last revised 20020917} 
 II Restorative Justice 
 III Getting Along with Other Cultures
 IV Comparing Satyagraha and the U.S. Peace and Justice Movement in Terms of the Ways of Relating Perspective
 V Our Need for a Structure of Reconciliation
10 
(4)
20021016 
(20020917)
Comments on Aspects of Social Organization
 I The Role of Religion and Spirituality in the Ways of Relating Perspective
 II A Revised Understanding of Freedom of Speech
 III Same-Sex Marriage
 IV A Moral Philosophy of Sex Work
 V Market Value and Use Value
. .
Meaning and Crisis
 I Introduction
 II Four Crises
 III Mining the Lifeworld
 IV Lotteries and Legitimacy
 V Advertising and Authenticity
 VI Meaning, Crisis, and the Tragedy of the Commons
. .


CHAPTER 8:  Conclusion  [WP10] | [pdf] | [html]

N/A 20011215
Fixed Stars for Navigating in the Ways of Relating Perspective . .
What Is to Be Done? 
 I Time scale 
 II The futility of repression and the upward trend
. .


ENDMATTER


APPENDIX I:  Neurophysiological Structures  [WP10] | [pdf] | [html]

N/A 20011215
Monkey See, Monkey Do:  The Existence of Internal Representations of the Other  [WP10] | [pdf] | [html] . .
Animals' Senses of the Good and Personas:  Continuity with Humans . .
Internal Representations and Self-Consciousness . .


APPENDIX II:  Miscellaneous, Not-Yet-Classified Essays  [WP10] | [pdf] | [html]

N/A 20011215
Summary of Dialectical Systems  [WP10] | [pdf] | [html] 11 20020703
The Roles and Relationship of Emotion and Reason in Political Discourse . .
Comparison of the Ways of Relating Perspective with Schumpeter's . .
Connections between Discourse Ethics and the Ways of Relating Perspective . .
Three Validity Claims . .
Dialectical Logic and Reconstructive Science . .
The Right Trumps the Good . .
Where Error Leads:  Chaos or Meaning? . .
Categorization of Disciplines . .

[To be published in Public Integrity (2006) :]  "Looking the Other in the Eye" As a Guide for Policymaking  [WP10] | [pdf] | [html]

Looking Each Other in the Eye:  Interpersonal Morality and Social Justice within a Common Moral Universe  [WP10] | [pdf] | [html]

4

4

20050822

20031213

PoMoSexuals . .
Pressure Is Love  [WP10] | [pdf] | [html] . .

Bibliography  [WP10] | [pdf] | [html]

N/A

20030214
Glossary  [WP10] | [pdf] | [html] 10 20020408
Index  [WP10] | [pdf] | [html] [Totally draft] 20020427

About the Book and the Author
. .

NOT-SO-RECENT (PREVIOUS YEAR'S) ADDITIONS ["+"] AND UPDATES ["~"]:

~ 20021027:  The Logical Structure of Dialectical Systems  [WP10] | [pdf] | [html]
~ 20021027:  Epigraphs  [WP10] | [pdf] | [html]
~ 20021016:  Getting Along with Each Other  [WP10] | [pdf] | [html]
~ 20021016:  Embracing the Dialectical Tension in Authenticity, Morality, and Social Justice  [WP10] | [pdf] | [html]

~ 20020930:  Therapeutic Discourse  [WP10] | [pdf] | [html]
~ 20020930:  A Summary Formation of the Ways of Relating Perspective:  The Relational Principle  [WP10] | [pdf] | [html]
+ 20020930:  The Only Ultimately Reliable Political Stance Is the Elimination of All Oppression  [WP10] | [pdf] | [html]
~ 20020922:  Bibliography  [WP10] | [pdf] | [html]
~ 20020918:  Facing the Agreement Problem in a Second Moment of Moral Judgment  [WP10] | [pdf] | [html]
~ 20020917:  The Ways of Relating Perspective on Mediation and Litigation (with Dr. Maria Stalzer Wyant Cuzzo)  [WP10] | [pdf] | [html]
~ 20020915:  A Summary Formation of the Ways of Relating Perspective:  The Relational Principle  [WP10] | [pdf] | [html]
~ 20020913:  The Problem of Evil, Demons, and Moral Monsters  [WP10] | [pdf] | [html]
~ 20020913:  Case Study:  Our Relationships with Animals and Other Moral Patients — and Rocks?  [WP10] | [pdf] | [html]
~ 20020913:  How Did You Get in Here? — Empathy and the Representation of the Other  [WP10] | [pdf] | [html]
~ 20020907:  Situando o Pós-modernismo na Perspectiva do Desenvolvimento Moral-cognitivo [Translation of "Postmodernism in Cognitive-developmental Perspective" into Portuguese by Prof. Paulo Krischke]  [WP10] | [pdf] | [html]
~ 20020905:  Embracing the Dialectical Tension in Authenticity, Morality, and Social Justice  [WP10] | [pdf] | [html]
~ 20020905:  Chapter 1:  Authenticity and the Sense of the Good  [WP10] | [pdf] | [html]
~ 20020905:  The Sense of the Good  [WP10] | [pdf] | [html]
~ 20020905:  Personas, IROGs, and Authenticity  [WP10] | [pdf] | [html]
~ 20020905:  The Agreement Problem:  Pragmatic Limits of Empathy, and the Persistence of Disagreement  [WP10] | [pdf] | [html]
~ 20020902:  Embracing the Dialectical Tension in Authenticity, Morality, and Social Justice  [WP10] | [pdf] | [html]
+ 20020831:  The Ways of Relating Perspective on Mediation and Litigation (with Dr. Maria Stalzer Wyant Cuzzo)  [WP10] | [pdf] | [html]
~ 20020819:  The Logical Structure of Dialectical Systems  [WP10] | [pdf] | [html]
~ 20020819:  Personas, IROGs, and Authenticity  [WP10] | [pdf] | [html]
~ 20020819:  Therapeutic Discourse  [WP10] | [pdf] | [html]
~ 20020819:  Chapter 4:  The Nature of Social Justice  [WP10] | [pdf] | [html]
~ 20020819:  Stage 3, Stage 6  [WP10] | [pdf] | [html]
~ 20020813:  Bibliography  [WP10] | [pdf] | [html]
~ 20020805:  The Sense of the Good  [WP10] | [pdf]| [html]
~ 20020804:  Personas, IROGs, and Authenticity  [WP10] | [pdf] | [html]
~ 20020804:  The Logical Structure of Dialectical Systems  [WP10] | [pdf] | [html]
~ 20020727:  Embracing the Dialectical Tension in Authenticity, Morality, and Social Justice  [WP10] | [pdf] | [html]
+ 20020726:  Some Problems of Circular Reasoning in Social Science  [WP10] | [pdf] | [html]
~ 20020726:  _WOR.wpd  [WP10] | [pdf] | [html]
+ 20020726:  Monkey See, Monkey Do:  The Existence of Internal Representations of the Other  [WP10]| [pdf] | [html]
~ 20020724:  Chapter 2:  What Exactly Is It to Make a Moral Judgment? — An Ontology of Morality  [WP10] | [pdf] | [html]
~ 20020724:  Case Study:  Our Relationships with Animals and Other Moral Patients — and Rocks?  [WP10] | [pdf] | [html]
~ 20020717:  The "Natural Method" of Childraising ...  [WP10] | [pdf] | [html]
~ 20020715:  Embracing the Dialectical Tension in Authenticity, Morality, and Social Justice  [WP10] | [pdf] | [html]
~ 20020712:  A Summary Formulation of the W.o.R.P.:  The Concepts of "W.o.R." and the Relational Principle  [WP10] | [pdf] | [html]
~ 20020712:  Situating Postmodernism in Cognitive-developmental Perspective  [WP10] | [pdf]| [html]