July 24, 2002
What Exactly Is It to Make a Moral Judgment? – An Ontology of Morality
I On Part II (“The Interpersonal: Relating Face to Face”)
II On the Present Chapter
The Problem of the Right
I The Good and the Right
II Case Study: Ethics vs. Morality in the Controversy over Gay Rights
III Implications for the Right of the Unprovability of the Good
How Did You Get in Here? – Empathy and the Representation of the Other
I Why Empathize?
II A Solipsistic, Relativistic Morality?
III Morality As Introjection
IV Case Study: The Moral Status of Praise, Blame, Reward, Revenge, Shame, and Guilt
V Morality As Cognitive Accomplishment
VI Morality and Authenticity
VII Empathy vs. Projection / Anthropomorphism
Case Study: Our Relationships with Animals and Other Moral Patients – and Rocks?
I Happy and Me: The Possibility of Nonlinguistic Agreements
II More Animals: Counseling Charlie’s Cat
III More Animals: The Tellington-Touch Method
IV Relating to Tigers: Empathy Without Reciprocity; Morality Not an Agreement
V Anthropomorphization and Empathy: Is It All Just an Illusion?
VI Relating to My Late Father
VII Relating to Rocks?
VIII The Morality of Cannibalism
IX Empathy with the Fetus?
A Summary Formulation of the Ways of Relating Perspective: The Concepts of “Ways of Relating” and the Relational Principle
I Ways of Relating
II The Relational Principle
III The Issue of False Sincerity
IV The Agreement Problem and the Acceptance of the Other as Part of One’s Moral Universe
A The Acceptance of the Other
B The Agreement Problem
1 The Limits of Empathy
2 Decisions Must Be Made Willy-Nilly
V Realism and Reciprocity
Coming to Agreement in a First Moment of Moral Judgment
I The First Moment
II The Ways of Relating Perspective and the Utilitarian Impulse
Are Morality and Authenticity Isomorphic?
The Problem of Evil, Demons, and Moral Monsters
I Defining Evil
II The Undecidability of Evil’s Existence
A Origins within the Other of Behavior Taken to Show S/He Is Evil
B Origins within Oneself of False Perceptions of Evil
III The WoRP’s Approach: Leaving Evil’s Existence Undecidable
IV The Usual Approach: Premature Closure of Inquiry and the Assumption of Evil
V Case Study: The Mugger in Law and Order
VI The Civil Trial vs. Mutual Responsibility in a Shared Moral Universe
Why Be Moral? The Motivation Problem