3341 Midterm Exam

Review Guide


Bring binocs, field guides (bird and tree) and hand-lens to the exam!




You are walking along the beach at Park Point, your friend asks what is the geomorphology of this place, you reply…(Provide a detailed overview of the formation of Park Point from physical, biological and cultural perspectives).


What is the keystone species at Park Point?  (Giving rise to the formation of dunes).  How do plants aid in the development of dunes?


Describe primary succession in the context of the dunes at Park Point. What does primary succession mean?


How can you ID poison ivy in the autumn?


Why Hawk Ridge?—why do we see such phenomenal migration over the ridge? Consider geography, animal behavior, prevailing weather…


ID any raptor covered in class with binocs and field guide.


Provide a general, one-three sentence descriptor for the buteos, accipitors,

falcons, eagles, osprey, harrier and vulture.


When identifying trees…


Be prepared to identify any tree with leaves at Bagley (with your field guide).


What is an exotic species?  What does the word invasive mean?  Naturalized? Provide an example of each.


Name 3 more  invasive exotics—why are these examples a concern? (Be able to field identify a min. of 5 of the exotic species we learned about.)


Why do some exotic plants outcompete native species?  What are the elements of their competitive advantage—use specific examples. Think about the recurring themes we heard on the exotic species presentation day.


Name 1 significant aquatic exotic species found in Lake Superior that has had a profound impact on the fishery of LS (see reading and presentation notes). Describe the story.


What is the effect of earthworm invasion in a hardwood forest ecosystem? (More info. on website linked from tbeery web page.)


Define phenology. Be prepared to write a phenology observation during the exam.


BOG Ecology—see notes from class.