EdSe 3204 - General Instructional Methods Spring 2005: Dr. Helen Mongan-Rallis

|Syllabus|Schedule|Assignments l SpEd|

Six Facets of Understanding: Grant Wiggins

To construct assessments that are valid, reliable and performance based, we need to define understanding in terms of the 6 facets of understanding. Wiggins says if you ask students to do any of these 6, you will be asking them to create a product that demonstrates understanding. In groups, suggest an example of how you would have students explain their understanding based on the facet of understanding assigned to your group.

  1. Empathy: Not the same as sympathy (feel sorry). Rather you have to understand their feelings.
  2. Self-knowledge: builds on empathy. In latter you put yourself into someone else's perspective. Self-knowledge is taking understanding of others and using it to understand yourself. You can see your ignorances, and reflect on those. You see the difference between your perspective and others.
  3. Perspective: critical and insightful points of view. You need to understand other people's point of view and opinions. Need to understand something from more than you own view. Broad point of view. In debate, you can assign which side kids take, so it forces them to research others' points of view.
  4. Interpretation: Using big words doesn't mean you understand. To interpret you need to be able to relate it to your life and things going on around you.
  5. Application: ability to use knowledge in diverse situations and new contexts. Take what you know and use it in your everyday life. Reciting doesn't show applications.
  6. Explain: the how and why of topics, events and actions. Just because you get the answer correct doesn't mean you understand it. Also, just because you can't write an explain.

|Syllabus|Schedule|Assignments l SpEd|