The Duluth Undergraduate Research Program Data 1977-2021

Graduate Schools

Of the 260 participants of the 283 who have been in the program who have received their Bachelor's degrees as of 2021, 233 have gone to graduate school. Of these, 179 have gone to MIT, Harvard, Berkeley, Chicago, Princeton, or Stanford and 178 have won graduate fellowships (Hertz, NSF, NDSEG--32 between 2018 and 2020 alone). Between 2012-2019, 19 have won NSF Post Doctoral Research Fellowships--5 in 2018; 2 in 2019. As of 2021, one hundred and sixty-seven participants now have earned a Ph.D. degree.


Five program alumni are among the plenary, special, and invited speakers at the quadrennial International Congress of Mathematicians to be held in Russia in July 2022. The ICM is where the Fields Medal is given. In the twenty-eight year existence of the AMS-MAA-SIAM Morgan prize for outstanding research by an undergraduate the Duluth program has had sixteen winners (Manjul Bhargava, Daniel Biss, Joshua Green, Melanie Wood, Reid Barton, Jacob Fox, Daniel Kane, Nathan Kaplan, Aaron Pixton, Maria Monks, Levent Alpoge, Amol Aggarwal, Ashvin Swaminathan, Nina Zubrilina, Ashwin Sah, and Mehtaab Sawheny) and fourteen of the 25 who have received Honorable Mention (Kiran Kedlaya, Lenny Ng, Aaron Archer, Samit Dasgupta, Maria Monks, Yufei Zhao, Hannah Alpert, Evan O'Dorney, Evan Chen, Ashwin Sah, Mehtaab Sawhney, David Stoner, and Noah Kavitz). The research done at the Duluth REU was a major factor in the decision of the selection committee in all but one instance.

In the thirty-one years that the Association for Women in (AWM) has awarded the Schafer Prize, sixteen women from the Duluth program have won the award (Elizabeth Wilmer, Zvezdelina Stankova, Catherine O'Neil, Dana Pascovici, Ruth Britto-Pacumio, Ioana Dumitriu, Melanie Wood, Melody Chan, Alexandra Ovetsky, Ana Caraiani, Alison Miller, Maria Monks, Hannah Alpert, Charmaine Sia, Sherry Gong, and Carina Hong) and ten have been named runner up (Zvezdelina Stankova, Susan Goldstine, Patricia Hersh, Jessica Wachter, Beth Robinson, Wei Ho, Karola Meszaros, Margaret Doig, Elena Fuchs, and Danielle Wang.)

Duluth REU alumni are tenured, or on tenure track, at Princeton (endowed), MIT (5 total, three with an endowed position and one a member of AAAS), Harvard (2), Stanford, Chicago, Yale, Duke (3), Cornell (2), UC San Diego (2) (one endowed position), Michigan (2), Wisconsin-Madison (endowed), Penn (endowed), Brown, Cornell (2), Johns Hopkins, and Northwestern. Program alumni have been employed at Google, Microsoft, IBM, AT&T, Facebook, Sun Microsystems, Center for Communications at Princeton and La Jolla, Dropbox, Tesla, Amazon Alexa, and a variety of other software companies. Three have started their own companies.

Bhargava won a Fields Medal and was elected to the National Academy of Sciences. Six participants have received a Clay Mathematics Institute Long-term Prize Fellowship (Bhargava, Biss, Maulik, Pixton, Aggarwal, Sheffield) and three have won the American Institute of Mathematics Five-Year Fellowship (Ng, Develin, Wood). Three of the four AWM Microsoft Research Prizes given to date have gone program alumni (Wood, Williams, and Chan). Wood was the first woman to win the \$1,000,000 NSF Waterman Award. Fourteen participants are AMS Fellows (Poonen, Wood, Williams, Ellenberg, Dumitriu, Bhargava, Holm, Kedlaya, Wunsch, Wilkinson, Hersh, Ng, Caraiani, and Tymoczko). Bhargava, Poonen, Sheffield, and Wilkinson were elected to the American Academy of Arts and Sciences. Sixteen participants are Hertz Foundation Fellows (Sidney, Wepsic, Wunsch, Hersh, Bhargava, VanderKam, Archer, Deckelbaum, Monks Gillespie, Lawrence, Steinhardt, Defant, Kuszmaul, Zubrilina, Gaetz, and Sankar), fifteen are Sloan Research Fellows (Pixton, Kane, Ho, Fuchs, Wood, Fox, Dasgupta, Tymoczko, Williams, Sheffield, Ellenberg, Poonen, Stong, Chan, Zhao), fourteen have won an NSF CAREER Award (Ellenberg, Dumitriu, Kedlaya, Ng, Sheffield, Fox, Kane, Wood, Williams, Eischen, Meszaros, Ho, Riedl, Zhao), four are Packard Fellows (Bhargava, Poonen, Fox, Wood), five are Gates Cambridge Scholars (Wood, Batson, Velingker, Gong, Zhao), three are Guggenheim Fellows (Poonen, Kedlaya, Ellenberg), and 47 are Goldwater Scholars.


In August 2021, Google Scholar listed over 280 citations to Zvezdelina Stankova's Duluth papers, over 260 citations to Manjul Bhargava's Duluth papers, over 180 citations to David Witte's Duluth papers, over 125 citations to Melody Chan's Duluth papers, over 115 citations to David Moews's Duluth paper, over 100 to Lenny Ng's Duluth papers, and over 70 to Bjorn Poonen's Duluth paper. In September 2014 Jesse Geneson's Duluth paper was on the list of 25 most cited papers published in the Journal of Combinatorial Theory Series A (JCTA) since 2009. In July 2013 Poonen's 1988 Duluth REU paper was the 14th most downloaded paper published in JCTA from ScienceDirect in the previous 90 days. In July of 2014 Levent Alpoge's 2013 Duluth paper was the third most downloaded paper in JCTA from ScienceDirect in the previous 90 days. In September of 2014 Melanie Wood's 2000 Duluth paper was the seventeenth most downloaded paper in the Journal of Number Theory from ScienceDirect in the previous 90 days. On January 16, 2017 Manjul Bhargava's Duluth paper was the 7th most downloaded paper in the Journal of Number Theory in the past 90 days. On August 2, 2017 Sammy Luo's 2016 Duluth paper was 6th most downloaded article in the Journal of Number Theory. In February 2021 Nina Zubrilina's paper on edge dimension was second on the list of the 25 most cited papers in Discrete Mathematics since 2018 and Colin Defant's paper on 2020 paper on counting 3-stack-sortable permutations was 17th on the list of most cited Journal of Combinatorial Theory, Series A since 2018.


As of August 2021, overv 255 papers written in the program have been published in professional-level refereed journals. Among them are 91 in the journal Discrete Mathematics, 43 in the Electronic Journal of Combinatorics, 28 in the Journal of Number Theory and 12 in the Journal of Combinatorial Theory Series A, 11 in Discrete Applied Mathematics, 7 in the Journal of Graph Theory, 7 in the Journal of Combinatorial Theory Series B, 6 in the European Journal of Combinatorics, and 5 in Advances in Applied Mathematics . Program papers also have been published in the Pacific Journal of Mathematics, Journal of Algebra, Journal fur die reine und angewandte Mathematik, Communications in Algebra, SIAM Journal of Discrete Mathematics, Journal of Algebraic Combinatorics, Semigroup Forum, Israel Journal of Mathematics, and the Proceedings of the American Mathematical Society.Among the areas represented by the papers are: combinatorics, graph theory, number theory, semigroup theory, group theory, ring theory, field theory, set theory, algebras, and game theory. Ten Duluthians are coauthors of papers with four Fields Madelists.


Many participants return to Duluth year after year. David Moulton has participated in the program for 32 years, Dave Witte Morris for 23, Daniel Isaksen for 14, Melanie Wood for 14, Phil Matchett Wood for 13, Mike Develin for 11, Geir Helleloid for 10, Aaron Pixton for 9, Kiran Kedlaya for 9, Nathan Kaplan for 9, Tim Chow for 10, Douglas Jungreis for 8, Stephen Hartke for 8, Nathan Pflueger for 8, Daniel Biss for 7, David Arthur for 7, Ricky Liu for 7, Aaron Archer for 6, Mike Reid for 6, Patricia Hersh for 6, Alison Miller for 6, Jared Bass for 6, Colin Defant for 6, David Rolnick for 6, Ben Gunby for 6, Aaron Berger for 6, Manjul Bharagava for 5, Levent Alpoge for 5, Maksim Maydanskiy for 5, Lenny Ng for 5, Samit Dasgupta for 5, Josh Greene for 5, Reid Barton for 5, Yi Sun for 5, Jack Huizenga for 5, Adam Hesterberg for 5, and more than 30 others have participated for at least three summers. Repeated visits by many people fosters a sense of community among the participants despite the wide differences in ages. Many research papers have been jointly authored by Duluth REU participants subsequent to their participation.

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