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Geospatial Analysis Center

GIS and Health Care

GIS plays an important role in health care administration. GIS improves acquisition of timely, accurate, and relevant information essential to the delivery of effective health care services including emergency planning, operational awareness, and trauma management. By using geography to locate a new facility, estimate demand for a new service, or make sense of transmission patterns of hospital-acquired infections, GIS provides a better way to relate complex elements and reveal solutions.

Following are recent examples of how GIS is integrated into various aspects of the field of Health Care:

  • Stanford University Medical Center estimates it could achieve $22.5 million in potential cost savings by using GIS for nursing workforce management and planning
  • The Veterans Health Administration (VHA) uses a GIS Web portal for identifying best locations for new health care facilities
  • Researchers at the University of Pennsylvania and John Hopkins University created a Web-based GIS interface to help maximize trauma center accessibility
  • Indiana hospitals are using GIS to uncover hospital infection transmission clues. Spatial visualization has revealed staff-patient contact patterns
  • In Ethiopia, GIS is helping identify communities and available resources as the extension workers plan and reach out to vulnerable households
  • The Dartmouth Atlas of Healthcare uses GIS to provide a framework for analyzing and visualizing Medicare data

3d View of Indiana Hospital

A 3D view of an Indiana hospital indicates the location of patients infected with methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus with the color red

 

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