Center for Regional & Tribal Child Welfare Studies

Cultural Competence Resources
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Alvarez, A. N. (2002). Racial identity and Asian Americans: Supports and challenges. New Directions for Student Services, 97,33-43.

American Humane Association. (2012). Strategies towards successful reunification. Child Welfare Briefing, 3(1).

Ancis, J. R., Sedlacek, W. E., & Mohr, J.J. (2000). Student perceptions of campus cultural climate by race. Journal of
Counseling and Development, 78(2), 180.

Anyon, Y. (2011). Reducing racial disparities and disproportionalities in the child welfare system: Policy perspectives about how to serve the best interests of African American youth. Children and Youth Services Review, 33, 242-253.

Arminio, J. (2001). Exploring the nature of race-related guilt. Journal of Multicultural Counseling and Development, 29(4), 239.

Badgett, L., & Goldberg, N. (Eds.) (2009). Best Practices for Asking Questions About Sexual Orientation on SurveysThe Williams Institute, Retrieved from

Baines, D. (2000). Everyday practices of race, class and gender: Struggles, skills, and radical social work. Journal of Progressive Human Services,11(2), 5-27.

Barlow, A., Varipatis-Baker, E., Speakman, K., Ginsburg, G. &  Friberg, I. (2006). Home-visiting intervention to improve child care among American Indian adolescent mothers: A randomized trial. Archives of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine, 160 (11),1101-1107.

Basham, K. (2004). Weaving a tapestry: Anti-racism and the pedagogy of clinical social work practice. Smith College Studies in Social Work, 74(2), 289.

Basham, K. K., Donner, S., & Everett, J.E. (2001). A controversial commitment: The anti-racism field assignment. Journal of Teaching in Social Work, 21(1/2), 157.

Basham, K. K., Donner, S., Killough, R. M., & Werkmeister Rozas, L. (1997). Becoming an anti-racist institution. Smith College Studies in Social Work67(3), 565.

Behrens, J. T., LaFleur, N. K., & Leach, M. M. (2002). White racial identity and white racial consciousness: Similarities, differences, and recommendations. Journal of Multicultural Counseling and Development, 30(2), 66-80.

Belgrave, F.Z., Gilbert, D.J. & Harvey,A.R. (2009). Advancing the africentric paradigm shift discourse: Building toward evidence-based africentric interventions in social work practice with Afican AmericansSocial Work, 54 (3), 243-252.

Bennett, J.M., & Bennett, M.J. (2004). Developing intercultural sensitivity: An integrative approach to global and domestic diversity. Handbook of Intercultural Training, 3rd ed., 2004, p. 147-165

Berkman, C.S., & Zinberg, G. (1997). Homophobia and heterosexism in social workers. Social Work, 42(4), 319.

Betancourt, J.R., Green, A.R., Carrillo, J.E., & Ananeh-Firempong II, O. (2003). Defining cultural competence: A practical framework for addressing racial/ethnic disparities in health and health care. Public Health Reports, 118, 293-302.

Blakey, J.M. (2012). From surviving to thriving: Understanding reunification among African American mothers with histories of addiction. Children and Youth Services Review, 34(1), p.91-102.

Boggs, N. (2000). Queer black studies: An Annotated bibliography, 1994-1999. Callalo, 23(1), 479-494.

Bowen, E. (2004). Aging in a diverse society: The role of cultural competency in mental health care for older adults. Advocates' Forum, 31-41.

Briggs, H.E. & McBeath, B. (2010) Infusing culture into practice: Developing and implementing evidence-based mental health services for African American foster youth. Child Welfare, 89(1), 31-60.

Bronstein, L., Berman-Rossi, T., & Winfield, B. (2002). Beyond cultural specificity: Teaching the impact of oppression on all clients' lives. Journal of Progressive Human Services13(2), 43-59.

Brotman, L.M., Calzada, E., Huang, K.Y., Kingston, S. & Dawson-McClure, S. (2011). Promoting effective parenting practices and preventing child behavior problems in school among ethnically diverse families from underserved, urban communities. Child Development, 82(1), 258-276.

Bridging Refugee Youth & Children Services. (2010).Child Maltreatment Prevention Training Curriculum. Retrieved from

Burnette, E. (1997). Talking openly about race thwarts racism in children. APA Monitor, 28(6), 6.

Bush, I. R., & Sainz, A. (2001). Competencies at the intersection of difference, tolerance, and prevention of hate crimes. In M. E. Swigonski, R. S. Mama, & K. Ward, (Eds.), From Hate crimes to human rights: A tribute to Matthew Shepard (pp. 205). Binghamton, NY: Haworth Press, Inc.

Carter, R. T. (2003). Becoming racially and culturally competent: The racial-cultural counseling laboratory. Journal of Multicultural Counseling and Development, 31(1), 20-30.

Cass, V. C. (1984). Homosexual identity formation: Testing a theoretical model. Journal of Sex Research, 20(2), 143-167.

Chavez, F.A., Guido-DiBrito, F., & Mallory, S.L. (2003). Learning to value the "other": A framework of individual diversity development. Journal of College Student Development, 44(2), 453.

Chen-hayes, S. F. (2001). Social justice advocacy readiness questionnaireJournal of Gay & Lesbian Social Services13(1/2), 191-204.

Conner, M.E. & White, J. (eds.) (2011). Black fathers: An invisible presence in America (2nd ed.). New York, NY: Routledge Academic.

Crisp, C. (2006). The gay affirmative practice scale (GAP): A new measure for assessing cultural competence with gay and lesbian clientsSocial Work, 51(2), 115-126.

Cross, T. (2001). Spirituality and Mental Health: A Native American Perspective. Focial Point, 15(2), 10-11.

Cross, T. L., Bazron, B. J., Dennis, K. W., & Isaacs, M. R. (1989). Towards a culturally competent system of care: A monograph on effective services for minority children who are severely emotionally disturbed. Washington, D.C.: CASSP Technical Assistance Center, Georgetown University Child Development Center.

Curtis, C.M. & Denby, R.W. (2011). African American children in the child welfare system: Requiem or reform. Journal of Public Child Welfare, 5(1), 111-137

D’Agostino, J. (2011). Equalizing the treatment of foreign-born adopted childrenAdoption Advocate, 33, 1-6.

D'Andrea, M., Daniels, J., & Heck, R. (1991). Evaluating the impact of multicultural counseling training. Journal of Counseling and Development70, 143.

Daniels, J.A. (2001). Conceptualizing a case of indirect racism using the white racial identity development modelJournal of Mental Health Counseling, 23(3), 256.

Day, P. (2007). American Indian Elders. In P. J. Kolb, (Ed.), Social Work Practice with Ethnically and Racially Diverse Nursing Home Residents and Their Families (pp. 41-71). New York, NY: Columbia University Press.

Dean, L. & Gilbert, K.L. (2010). Social capital and political advocacy for African American healthHarvard Journal of African American Public Policy, 16, 85-95.

DeGruy, J., Kjellstrand, J.M., Briggs, H.E., & Brennan, E.M. (2011). Racial respect and racial socialization as protective factors for African American male youth. Published in "Online First" by the Journal of Black Psychology as of December 6, 2011, and will appear in hard copy version in a subsequent number of the journal. DOI: 10.1177/0095798411429744.

Dessel, A., Rogge, M. E., & Garlington, S. B. (2006). Using intergroup dialogue to promote social justice and change. Social Work, 51(4), 303-315.

Endicott, L., Boak, T., & Narvaez, D. (2003). Moral reasoning, intercultural development, and multicultural experiences: Relations and cognitive underpinnings. International Journal of Intercultural Relations27(4), 403.

Edwards, E.D., & Drews, J., & Seaman, J.R., & Edwards, M.E. (1994). Community organizing in support of self-determination within Native American Communities. Journal of Multicultural Social Work, 3(4). 43-60.

Faircloth, S. (2004). Utilizing research methods that respect and empower indigenous knowledge.  Tribal College Journal, 16(2), 24.

Foster, M.E., Hillemeier, M.M., Bai, Y. (2010). Explaining the disparity in placement instability among African-American and white children in child welfare: A Blinder-Oaxaca decomposition. Children and Youth Services Review, 33. 118-125.

Fredrickson, K.I., Kim, H.J., Emlet, C.A., Muraco, A., Erosheva, E.A., Hoy-Ellis, C.P., Goldsen, J., & Petry, H. (2011). The aging and health report: Disparities and resilience among lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender older adults.  Caring and Aging with Pride, Final Report.

Fredrickson, K.I., Kim, H.J., Emlet, C.A., Muraco, A., Erosheva, E.A., Hoy-Ellis, C.P., Goldsen, J., & Petry, H. (2011). The aging and health report: Disparities and resilience among lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender older adults.  Caring and Aging with Pride, Executive Summary.

Fusco, R.A., Rauktis, M.E., McCrae, J.S., Cunningham, M.A. & Bradley-King C.K. (2010). Aren’t they just black kids? Biracial children in the child welfare system. Child & Family Social Work, 15.441-451.

Garcia, B., & Van Soest, D. (2000). Facilitating learning on diversity: Challenges to the professor. Journal of Ethnic & Cultural Diversity in Social Work9(1/2), 21.

Goldberg, A.E. & Smith, J.Z. (2011). Stigma, social context, and mental health: Lesbian and gay couples across the transition to adoptive parenthood. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 58(1), 139-150.

Goodyear-Brown, P. (Ed.). (2011). Handbook of child sexual abuse: Identification, assessment and treatment. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons Inc.

Graham, J.R., & Bradshaw, C. & Trew, J.L. (2009). Addressing Cultural Barriers with Musilm Clients: An Agency Perspective.Administration in Social Work, 33(4), 387-406.

Green, R. G., Kiernan-Stern, M., Bailey, K., Chambers, K., Claridge, R., Jones, G. et al. (2005). The multicultural counseling inventory: A measure for evaluating social work student and practitioner self-perceptionists of their multicultural competencies.Journal of Social Work Education, 41(2), 191-207.

Harvey,A.R. & Hill, R.B. (2004). Africentric youth and family rites of passage program: Promoting resilience among at-risk African American youthsSocial Work, 49(1), 65-74.

Helms, J. (1995). An update of Helm's white and people of color racial identity models. Handbook of Multicultural Counseling, 181-198.

Herring, R. (1995). Developing biracial ethnic identity: A review of the increasing dilemmaThe Journal of Multicultural Counseling and Development23(1), 29.

Holcomb-McCoy, C., & Myers, J. (1999). Multicultural competence and counselor training: A national survey. Journal of Counseling and Development, 77, 294-302.

Jackson, S. & Scannapieco, M. (1996). Kinship care: the African American response to family preservation. Social Work, 41(2),190-196.

Johnson, L.M., Antle, B.F. & Barbee, A.P. (2009). Addressing disproportionality and disparity in child welfare: Evaluation of an anti-racism training for community service providersChildren and Youth Services Review, 31 (6), 688-696.

Jones, P. (2009). Teaching for Change in Social Work: A Discipline-Based Argument for the Use of Transformative Approaches to Teaching and LearningJournal of Transformative Education, 7(1), 8-25.

Katz,C., Hershkowitz,I., Malloy, L.C., Lamb, M.E., Atabaki, A. & Spindler,S. (2012). Non-verbal behavior of children who disclose or do not disclose child abuse in investigative interviews. Child Abuse and Neglect, 36(1),12-20.

Kerwin, C., & Ponterotto, J. (1995). Biracial identity development. Handbook of Multicultural Counseling. 199-217.

King, P. & Magolda, M. B. (2005). A developmental model of intercultural maturity. Journal of College Student Development, 46(6), 571.

Klitsch, S. (2010). Beyond the basics: How extracurricular activities can benefit foster youthYouth Law News, 29(4).

Leathers, S.J., Spielforgel, J.E., McMeel, L.S. & Atkins, M.S. (2011). Use of a parent management training intervention with urban foster parents: A pilot study. Children and Youth Services Review, 33, 1270-1279

Lee, C. C. (1992). Indigenous models of helping in nonwestern countries: Implications for multicultural counseling. Journal of Multicultural Counseling and Development, 20(1), 3.

Levine, M., McPhail Johnson, C., & Costner, K. (2004). Seven principles for training a culturally responsive faculty. Learning Abstracts, 7, 12.

Logan, S.L.M. (2005). Social work with people of African descent: A bibliography with annotations. Alexandria, VA: Council on Social Work Education.

McAlister-Groves, B. (1999). Mental health services for children who witness domestic violence. The Future of Children, 9(3),122-132.

McCrae, J.S. & Fusco, R.A. (2009). A racial comparison of Family Group Decision Making in the USAChild & Family Social Work, 15,41-55

McDermott, M., & Samson, F. L. (2005). White racial and ethnic identity in the United States. Annual Review of Sociology31, 245-261.

McKay, M.M., Gopalan, G., Franco, L., Dean-Assael, K., Chacko, A., Jackson, J.M., Fuss, A. (2011). A collaboratively designed child mental health service model: Multiple family groups for urban children with conduct problems. Research on Social Work Practice, 21, (6), 664-674

Meyers, J.E.B. (Ed.). (2011). Child maltreatment: A collection of readings. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications.

Mildred, J., & Zuniga, X. (2004). Working with resistence to diversity issues in the classroom: Lessons from teacher training and multicultural education. Smith College Studies in Social Work, 2004, 74(2), 359-375.

Miller, J., Hyde, C., & Ruth, B. (2004). Teaching about race and racism in social work: Challenges for white educators. Smith College Studies in Social Work, 74(2), 409.

Morris, K. & Connolly,M. (2012). Family decision making in child welfare: Challenges in developing a knowledge base for practice. Child Abuse Review, 21 (1), p.41-52.

Morris Van Voorhis, R., & Hostetter, C. (2006). The impact of MSW education on social worker empowerment and committment to client empowerment through social justice advocacy. Journal of Social Work Education, 42(1), 105-121.

National Center for Cultural Competence. (2012). Promoting cultural diversity and cultural and linguistic competency: Self-assessment checklist for personnel providing services and supports to LGBTQ youth and their families.

Noonan, K., Matron, M., Zlotnik, S., Hernandez-Mekonnen,R., Watts, C., Rubin,D. & Molleen, C. (2012). Cross-system barriers to educational success for children in foster care: The front line perspective. Children and Youth Services Review, 34 (2), p.403-408.

Nylund, D. (2006). Critical multiculturalism, whiteness, and social work: Towards a more radical view of cultural competence.Journal of Progressive Human Services, 17(2), 27-42.

Pecora, P.J., Sanders, D., Wilson, D., English, D., Puckett, A. & Rudlang-Perman, K. (2012). Addressing common forms of child maltreatment: Evidence-informed interventions and gaps in current knowledge. Casey Family Programs, research brief.

Pelton, L.H. (2010). Introduction: Race, class, and the child welfare system. Journal of Health and Human Services Administration, 33(3), 270-276.

Pierce, A., & Koepplinger, S. (2011). New language, old problem: Sex trafficking of American Indian women and children.Applied Research, National Online Reource Center on Violence Against Women (

Poirier, J. M., Francis, K. B., Fisher, S. K., Williams-Washington, K., Goode, T. D., & Jackson, V. H. (2008). Practice Brief 1: Providing Services and Supports for Youth Who Are Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender, Questioning, Intersex, or Two-Spirit.Washington, DC: National Center for Cultural Competence, Georgetown University Center for Child and Human Development.

Ponterotto, J., Gretchen, D., Utsey, S., Rieger, B. & Austin, R. (2002). A revision of the multicultural counseling awareness scaleJournal of Multicultural Counseling and Development, 30, 153-180.

Ponterotto, J., & Pedersen, P. (1993/2006). Minority identity development and prejudice prevention. Preventing Prejudice. A Guide for Counselors and Educators. 39-62.

Poston, W.S. C. (1990). The biracial identity development model: A needed addition. Journal of Counseling & Development, 69(2), 152.

Reddy. M.T. (ed.). (1996). Everyday acts against racism: Raising children in a multicultural world. Seattle, WA: Seal Press

Rees, A., Holland, S. & Pithouse,A. (2012). Food in foster families: Care, communication and conflict. Children and Society, 26(2),100-111.

Rockquemore, K. A. (2002). Negotiating the color line: The gendered process of racial identity construction among black/white biracial womenGender & Society, 16(4), 485-503.

Rockymore, M. (2008). A practice guide for working with African American families in the child welfare system: The role of the caseworker in identifying, developing and supporting strengths in African American families involved in child protection services.Minnesota Department of Human Services.

Romens, S.E. & Pollack, S.D. (2012). Emotion regulation predicts attention bias in maltreated children at-risk for depression.Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 53(2), 120-127.

Rozas, L. (2004). On translating ourselves: Understanding dialogue and its role in social work educationWerkmeister Smith College Studies in Social Work, 74(2), 229.

Running Wolf, P., & Rickard, J. A. (2003). Talking circles: A Native American approach to experiential learning. Journal of Multicultural Counseling and Development, 2003, 31(1), 39-43.

Running Wolf, P., & Solder, R., & Mantueffel, B., & Sondheimer, D., & Santiago, R. L., & Erickson, J. S. (2002). Cultural Competence Approaches to Evaluation in Tribal Communities. Rockville, MD: Department of Heath and Human Services, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration

Schwartz, A.E. (2010). “Nobody knows me no more”: Experiences of loss among African American adolescents in kinship and non-kinship foster care placements. Race and Social Problems, 2(1),31-49.

Shine, P. ( 2011). White professors taking responsibility for teaching white students about race, racism and privilegeJournal of Progressive Human Services 22, 50-67

Simard, E. & Blight, S. (2011). Developing a culturally restorative approach to aboriginal child and youth development: Transitions to Adulthood. First Peoples Child & Family Review, 6(1), p.28-55.  * This article was written by alumni of the UMD MSW program.

Simoni, J. M., & Walters, K. L. (2001). Heterosexual identity and heterosexism: Recognizing privilege to reduce prejudice.Journal of Homosexuality41(1), 157.

Smith, C.A., Krohn, M.D., Chu, R. & Best, C. (2005).  African American fathers: Myths and realities about their involvement with their firstborn children. Journal of Family Issues, 26 (7), 975-1001.

Smith, D.T., Jacobson, C.K. & Juarez,B.G. (2012). White parents, black children: Experiencing transracial adoption.Lanham,MD:Rowman and Littlefield.

Spears, S. (2004). The impact of a cultural competency course on the racial identity of MSWs. Smith College Studies in Social Work74(2), 271.

Stanhope, V., Solomon, P., Pernell-Arnold, A., Sands, R.G., & Bourjolly, J.N. (2005). Evaluating cultural competence among behavioral health professionalsPsychiatric Rehabititation Journal, 28(3), 225-234.

Staples, R. (1999). The Black Family: Essays and studies. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth Publishing.

Steele,W. & Malchiodi, C.A. (2012) Trauma-informed practices with children and adolescents. New York, NY:Routledge, Inc.

Steptoe, J. (eds.) (1997). In daddy’s arms I am tall: African Americans celebrating fathers. New York, NY: Lee & Low Books, Inc.

Summers, S.J. & Chazen-Cohen, R. (2011). Understanding early childhood mental health: A practical guide for professionals.Baltimore, MD: Brookes Publishing Co.

United States, Children's Burea, Chibnall, S., Dutch, N.M., Jones-Harden, B., Brown, A., Gourdine, R.. (2003). Children of Color in the Child Welfare System: Perspectives from the child welfare community.

Tatum, B. D. (1992). Talking about race, learning about racism: The application of racial identity development theory in the classroom. Harvard Educational Review, 62(1), 1-24.

Teasley, M. L. (2005). Perceived levels of cultural competence through social work education and professional development for urban school social workers. Journal of Social Work Education, 41(1), 85-98.

Van Gulderen, L., Bos, H.M.W., Gartrell, N., Hermanns, J. & Perrin, E.C. (2012). Quality of life of adolescents raised from birth by lesbian mothers: The US national longitudinal family study. Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics, 33(10), 1-17.

Van Soest, D. (1994). Social Work Education for multicultural practice and social justice advocacy: a field study of how students experience the learning process. Journal of Multicultural Social Work, 3(1), 17-24

Van Soest, D., Garcia, B., & Graff, D. (2001). Sensitivity to racism and social work professors' responsiveness to critical classroom eventsJournal of Teaching in Social Work, 21(1/2), 39.

Vonk, M. (2001). Cultural competence for transracial adoptive parents. Social Work, 46(3), 246-255.

Voss, R. W., Douville, V., Soldier, A. L., & Hat, A. W. Sr. (1999). Wo'Lakol Kiciyapi: Traditional philosophies of helping and healing among the Lakotas: Toward a Lakota-centric practice of social work. Journal of Multicultural Social Work, 7(½), 73.

Waites, C. (2009). Building on strengths: Intergenerational  practice with African American families. Social work, 54(3), 278-287.

Walker S., Spohn, C. & DeLone, M. (2012). The color of justice: Race, ethnicity, and crime in America. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth Publishing.

Walters, K. L. (1999). Urban American Indian identity attitudes and acculturation styles. Journal of Human Behavior in the Social Environment, 2(½), 163.

Weaver, H. N. (1999). Indigenous people and the social work profession: Defining culturally competent services. Social Work, 44(3), 217.

Weaver, H. N. (2000). Culture and professional education: The experiences of Native American social workers. Journal of Social Work Education, 36(3), 15.

Webb,N.B. (2011) Social work practice with children.(3rd ed.) New York, NY:Guilford Press.

Weisa, A.N. & Wiersma, R. (2011). Does the public hold abused women responsible for protecting children? Affilia, 26(4), 419-430.

Wells, S.J., Merritt, L.M., & Briggs, H.E. (2009). Bias, racism and evidence-based practice: The case for more focused development of child welfare evidence baseChildren and Youth Services Review, 31. 1160-1171.

Williams, C.C. (2006). The epistemology of cultural competenceFamilies in Society, 87(2), 209-222.

Willis, P. (2007). "Queer Eye" for Social Work: Rethinking Pedagogy and Practice with Same-Sex Attracted Youth People.Australian Social Work, 60(2), 181-196.

Wonderlicha, S.A., Simonich, H.K., Meyers, T.C., LaMontagne, W., Hoesel, J., Erickson, A.L., Korbel, M., Crosby, R.D.  (2011). Evidence-based mental health interventions for traumatized youth: A statewide dissemination project. Behavior Research and Therapy,49(10),579-587.

Woods,T.A. & Kurtz-Costes, B. (2007). African American families: Implications for social workers. Journal of Human Behavior in the Social Environment, 15(2/3), 99-116.

Wrixon, A. (2010). Impact of openness on adopted children: What does the research show? Open Adoption News, 27 (3), 13-14.

Yoosun,P. & Rupaleem,B. ( 2012) Whom should we serve? A discourse analysis of Social Workers’ Commentary on undocumented immigrantsJournal of Progressive Human services 23 (1), 18-40.


Additional Resources:

Achieving Cultural Competence: A Guidebook for Providers of Services to Older Americans and Their Families (PDF), Administration on Aging, Department of Health and Human Services

Muslim Americans: Middle Class and Mostly Mainstream, Pew Research Center (2007).
The first-ever, nationwide, random sample survey of Muslim Americans. The Pew Research Center conducted more than 55,000 interviews to obtain a national sample of 1,050 Muslims living in the United States regarding their outlook, values and attitudes.

Cultural Competence Materials for MSW Students, Staff, Faculty, and the Community, Day, P.
Includes definitions, cultural competence continuum, assessing cultural competence, and organizational planning and actions toward cultural competence.

Walters, K., Simoni, J. & Horwath, P. (2001). Sexual orientation bias experiences and service needs of gay, lesbian, bisexual, transgendered, and two-spirited American Indians. In M. E. Swigonsky, R.S. Mama, K. Ward (Ed.), From hate crimes to human rights: A tribute to Matthew Shepard (pp. 133-149). Binghamton, NY: Harrington Park Press.

Native Peoples of Canada: A Reference Collection. Robertson Library, University of Prince Edward.
This is a brief guide to Native Peoples of Canada resources available in Robertson Library.

Anishanaabe Information and Resource Manual
This booklet is a collaboration between the American Indian Projects and Department of Social Work at the Univeristy of Minnesota-Duluth. It is designed as an introducion to the Anishinaabe Tribes and people of Minnesota and aims to give readers a basic understanding of some of the issues that face Anishinaabe people.

Native American Authors Resources
This website provides information on Native North American authors with bibliographies of their published works, biographical information, and links to online resources including interviews, online texts and tribal websites.

Native American Kids 2003: Indian Children’s Well-Being Indicators Data Book for 14 States (PDF), Willeto, A.A., & Goodluck, C. Northern Arizona University.

An Assets Approach in Tribal Communities in Northern Minnesota: Presentation Summary for Building on Family Strengths – RTC Portland, Tellett, A. & Day, P., 2007.
This is a presentation summary regarding a research collaboration between UMD’s American Indian Projects
and the Search Institute, focusing on what it takes to raise a healthy Anishanaabe child.




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