A    B    C    D    E    F    G    H    I    J    K    L    M    N    O    P    Q    R    S    T    U    V    W    X    Y    Z
~ Blenco Search
~ Google advanced
~ Google scholar
~ Google books
~ Google images
~ Google Translate
 
Wikipedia
 
Wiktionary
 
BBC News
 
explore the world
-- Lonely Planet
 
UMD Library Main Catalog
Anthropology in the News
Moodle logo.
<moodle.umn.edu>

HomePage

Ancient Middle America

Fall 2013 Calendar

Wikipedia
 map: topographic
  map: Mesoamerica and Its Cultural Areas
  Mesoamerica
 Pre-Hispanic Mesoamerica




. . . in History
  . . . in Headlines

UM One Stop
more on J-Store

      Babel Fish Translation
~ translate this page

Cutting Costs for College Textbooks

general textbook information

class slides on-line
(free PowerPoint Viewer 2010)
OWL logo, Online Writing Lab, Purdue University.
 

Thursday, 24-Apr-2014 05:06:34 GMT

 

Map of Major Mayan Archaeological Sites

Map of the
Mayan World

-- NOVA

to top of page / A/Z index   to top of page / A-Z index

Maya Lords of the Jungle

60 min., 1981, VC 212

 

Abstract Terms / Concepts Notes
Cultures Sites Individuals Bibliography
/ Resources


"Depicts . . . archaeological work on the Maya civilization in the Yucatán Peninsula and in Central America. Discusses how it developed, why it declined, and what significance . . . finds and interpretations have."

 

l

Maya stelae of
Copán, Honduras,
Frederick Catherwood, 1839

Terms / Concepts:

  • raised field agriculture

    • "intensive agriculture"

    • Mayan version of chinampa agriculture

    • about 1/3 of the Maya area is swamp

      • raised field agriculture is a good way to use this land

      • produces more than the growers need for themselves, therefore they produced a surplus

      • 500 B.C. Pulltrouser Swamp was a complex operation

to top of page / A/Z index   to top of page / A-Z index
  • slash-and-burn agriculture

  • religious syncretism

    • blood sacrifice offering to the gods still takes place in Catholic ceremonies

  • calendar glyphs

  • graffiti

  • Classic Maya cylindrical vases

    • note "ritual scenes"
to top of page / A/Z index   to top of page / A-Z index
  • Water Lily Jaguar

  • Water Lily Blossom and fish symbolize royal authority

    • The word for water lily in Yucatec is nab

      • nab also = "water bounded"

        • shallow body of water that is bounded in some way, like a lake, like a canal, is also nab

    • the water Lily is associated with life after death

    • symbolizes power, greatness, royalty, even the earth's surface above the ground

      • abundance, wealth, greatness are associated with the manipulation of the water lily

    • water lilies fertilize the soil, and feed the fish

    • are associated with raised fields

  • crosses are not Christian, but represent the "Tree of Life"

    • which was occasionally shown as a raised field

    • the tree of life spanned the lower world, the earth and the heavens

to top of page / A/Z index   to top of page / A-Z index
  • Dresden Codex

  • cartush

  • "Pan-Maya" phenomena

  • potsherds

     

to top of page / A/Z index   to top of page / A-Z index

Notes:

  • "dirt archaeology" vs. interpretive

  • note old stereotypes (pre 1950s) of the Maya

  • At Palenque they thought that they were "time worshippers," but inscriptions are not dealing with time worship but with actual Mayan history. "We are talking about the personal history of Pre-Columbian MesoAmerica in terms of specific individuals and their relatives," Linda Schele. "In the Preclassic, the masks on the pyramids represent the Gods. In the Classic they are becoming individual divine kings."

    • for one of the first times we are now talking about the history of the Maya in terms of particular individuals

    • for the first time we can talk about American history as we do European history

  • The idea that the Maya were time worshippers "preoccupied archaeologists" for over 50 years
  • note use of hallucinogens

    • smoking, drinking, injecting, imbibing, "using their bodies to communicate with the gods"

to top of page / A/Z index   to top of page / A-Z index

Cultures:

  • Maya

  • Lamanai (David Pendergast, Chris Jones)

to top of page / A/Z index   to top of page / A-Z index

Sites:

  • Tikál (Guatemala)

    • Chris Jones: "You will get nowhere [understanding the Maya and their collapse] just studying the elites without studying the support people."

    • ca. 100,000 at A.D. 800, twice the size of Rome at that time

    • A.D. 300 - ca. 900 Tikál was a thriving [Classic] city

    • ca. A.D. fall of cities

  • Palenque (Chiapas)

  • Lamanai (Belize)

  • Merida (Yucatán capitol)

    • density of sites in northern Yucatán = 1 / every 80 mi. sq.

to top of page / A/Z index   to top of page / A-Z index
  • Chichén Itzá (Yucatán)

  • Copán (Honduras)

  • Komchen

    • near Merida

    • salt trade to New River in Belize

    • Preclassic: were traders even before the Classic Period

      • were not dependent on slash-and-burn agriculture

    • Will Andrews

  • Pulltrouser Swamp (Belize)

    • 500 B.C. Pulltrouser Swamp was a complex operation

    • is not correlated with a surrounding community like Cerros is

    • Bill Turner

  • Cuello

    • at 2,000 B.C. = "the beginning of Mayan Culture"

    • note circular shaped structure at Cuello

    • Norman Hammond

  • Cerros

    • raised fields

    • David Fridel

to top of page / A/Z index   to top of page / A-Z index

Individuals:

  • Pacal (4 X 20 years old)

    • "Lord of Lords"

    • Lord Shield Pacal

    • first glyph, A.D. 603, born - died, A.D. 683

  • Chan Baklum

    • Pacal's first-born son

      • identified by having 6 fingers

  • Kam Chul, son of Pacal

  • Norman Hammond (Cuello)

  • Diego de Landa (3rd Bishop of Merida, Yucatán)

  • Frederick Catherwood (1840s)

  • John L. Stephens (1840s)

  • Alfred Maudslay (early English archaeologist with camera)

  • Chris Jones (Tikál Mapping Project)

  • Linda Schele (epigrapher)

  • Will Andrews

  • Norberto Gonzales (map analyst)
top of page /\  A-Z index
Moodle
© 1998 - 2014 Timothy G. Roufs — All rights reserved     Envelope: E-mail
Page URL: http:// www.d.umn.edu /cla/faculty/troufs/anth3618/video/Maya_Lords.html
Last Modified Wednesday, 02-Nov-2011 14:38:41 CDT
Site Information / Disclaimers ~ Main A-Z Index


View Stats