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Culture and Personality
(Psychological Anthropology)


 Spring 2015 Calendar
Wednesday, 01 October 2014, 19:47 (07:47 PM) CDT, day 274 of 2014
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"Psychological Anthropology"

Abstract

"Beginning with a definition of enculturation, this program describes Margaret Mead's landmark efforts to document the influence of culture on individual personality by studying patterns of child rearing in several cultures, including Samoa. Next the program explores the link between personality and culture and the concept of national character as it was studied by anthropologist Ruth Benedict and psychologist Eric Erikson. National character studies of Japan and Nazi Germany during the 1940's are described, along with criticisms of these efforts. The program then examines how societies have ways of treating illness and individuals who deviate from accepted norms. Shamans in several societies are shown including ones from the Melemchi in Nepal, Bali, Laos and from the Yanamamö Indians of Brazil. The narrator describes how, through their treatments and rituals, shamans address the social ills of the group as a whole."
-- PBS (VC 2466, pt. 5)

Terms / Concepts:

 

Notes:

  • in the 1940s many studies were carried on with the assumption that "culture is to society what personality is to the individual"

    • culture : society : : personality : individual

Cultures:

Sites:

Individuals:

  • F. L. K. Hsu

  • Erik Erickson

  • Robert Edgerton

Rences:

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