Curriculum Vitae

James H. Fetzer

Personal

Born: 6 December 1940; Pasadena, California. Married.
Home: 800 Violet Lane, Oregon, WI, 53575; (608) 835-2707
Office: Department of Philosophy, University of Minnesota, Duluth, MN 55812

Education

Indiana University, Ph.D., 1970, History and Philosophy of Science
Columbia University, 1968-69, Philosophy
Indiana University, M.A., 1968, History and Philosophy of Science
Princeton University, A.B., 1962, Philosophy

Military Service

Commissioned Officer, United States Marine Corps, 1962-66

Current Position

Distinguished McKnight University Professor Emeritus, University of Minnesota, 2006-

Professional Experience

Distinguished McKnight University Professor, University of Minnesota, 1996-2006
Director, Master of Liberal Studies Program, University of Minnesota, Duluth, 1996-2006
Department Chairman, University of Minnesota, Duluth, 1988-92
Professor of Philosophy, University of Minnesota, Duluth, 1987-96
Research Scholar, New College, University of South Florida, 1985-86
Visiting Professor, University of Virginia, Spring Semester, 1984-85
Adjunct Professor, University of South Florida, Fall Semester, 1984-85
MacArthur Visiting Distinguished Professor in the Arts and Sciences,
     New College, University of South Florida, 1983-84
Visiting Associate Professor, New College, University of South Florida,1981-83
Visiting Lecturer, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, 1980-81
Visiting NSF Research Professor, University of Cincinnati, 1979-80
Visiting Associate Professor, University of Cincinnati, 1978-79
Visiting Associate Professor, University of Virginia, 1977-78
Assistant Professor, University of Kentucky, 1970-77

Honors and Awards

The Outstanding Research Award, College of Liberal Arts,
     University of Minnesota, Duluth, 2000-01
McKnight Endowment Fellow, University of Minnesota, 1996
Summer Faculty Research Fellow, University of Minnesota, 1996
The Outstanding Research Award, College of Liberal Arts,
     University of Minnesota, Duluth, 1992-93
Lansdowne Lecturer, University of Victoria, Victoria, B.C., 1992
President, The Minnesota Philosophical Society, 1991-92
Vice-President, The Minnesota Philosophical Society, 1990-91
The Medal of the University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland, 1990
Summer Faculty Research Fellow, University of Minnesota, 1988
Postdoctoral Fellow in Computer Science, Wright State University, 1986-87
Postdoctoral Research Fellow, National Science Foundation, 1979-80
The Distinguished Teaching Award, University of Kentucky, 1973-74
Summer Faculty Research Fellow, University of Kentucky, 1972
Graduate Research Assistant, Indiana University, 1969-70
Fellow of the Faculty, Columbia University, 1968-69
NDEA Title IV Fellow, Indiana University, 1966-68
The Dickinson Prize, Princeton University, 1962
Magna Cum Laude, Princeton University, 1962

Professional Activities

Member, Editorial Board, Heuristics
Journal Co-Editor, Synthese, 1990-99
Associate, Behavioral and Brain Sciences
Member, Philosophy of Science Association
Member, American Philosophical Association
Member, Association for Computing Machinery
Member, Human Behavior and Evolution Society
Member, International Society for Human Ethology
Member, Editorial Board, Philosophy of Science, 1999-
Member, American Association of University Professors
Founder and Member, Society for Machines and Mentality
Member, American Association for the Advancement of Science
Member, Editorial Board, History of Philosophy Quarterly, 2005-
Founding Editor and Journal Editor, Assassination Research, 2002-
Founding Editor and Series Editor, Explorations in Philosophy, 1995-
Founding Editor and Journal Editor, Minds and Machines, 1991-2001
Founding Editor and Journal Co-Editor, Minds and Machines, 2001-2002
Founding Editor and Series Editor, Studies in Cognitive Systems, 1986-2006
Member, Editorial Board, Journal for Signs and Semiotic Systems, 2009-

Publications

Authored Books:

SCIENTIFIC KNOWLEDGE. Causation, Explanation, and Corroboration. Dordrecht/Boston/London: D. Reidel Publishing Company, 1981. (Boston Studies in the Philosophy of Science, Vol. 69) xiv + 323 pp.

ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE: Its Scope and Limits. Dordrecht/Boston/London: Kluwer Academic Publishers, 1990. (Studies in Cognitive Systems, Vol. 4) xviii + 338 pp.

PHILOSOPHY AND COGNITIVE SCIENCE. New York, NY: Paragon House Publishers, 1991. (Paragon Issues in Philosophy) xvii + 170 pp. 2nd edition (revised and expanded), 1996. xx + 191 pp.

Published in Portuguese translation under the title, FILOSOFIA E CIENCIA COGNITIVA. Bauru, SP,Brazil: EDUSC, 2000.  194 pp.

PHILOSOPHY OF SCIENCE. New York, NY: Paragon House Publishers, 1993. (Paragon Issues in Philosophy) xviii + 197 pp.

COMPUTERS AND COGNITION: Why Minds are Not Machines. Dordrecht/Boston/London: Kluwer Academic Publishers, 2001. (Studies In Cognitive Systems , Vol. 25) xix + 323 pp.

THE EVOLUTION OF INTELLIGENCE: Are Humans the Only Animals with Minds? (Chicago, IL: Open Court, 2005), pp. xx + 272.

RENDER UNTO DARWIN: Philosophical Aspects of the Christian Right's Crusade Against Science (Chicago, IL: Open Court, 2007), pp. xx + 220.

Co-Authored Books:

GLOSSARY OF EPISTEMOLOGY/PHILOSOPHY OF SCIENCE (co-authored with Robert F. Almeder). New York, NY: Paragon House Publishers, 1993. (Paragon Glossaries for Research, Reading, and Writing) ix + 149 pp.

GLOSSARY OF COGNITIVE SCIENCE (co-authored with Charles E. M. Dunlop). New York, NY: Paragon House Publishers, 1993. (Paragon Glossaries for Research, Reading, and Writing) xii +146 pp.

Edited Books:

PRINCIPLES OF PHILOSOPHICAL REASONING. Totowa, NJ: Rowman and Allanheld, 1984. (American Philosophical Quarterly Library of Philosophy) x + 293 pp.

SOCIOBIOLOGY AND EPISTEMOLOGY. Dordrecht/Boston/Lancaster: D. Reidel Publishing Company, 1985. (Synthese Library, Vol. 180) x + 282 pp.

ASPECTS OF ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE. Dordrecht/Boston/Lancaster/Tokyo: Kluwer Academic Publishers, 1988. (Studies in Cognitive Systems, Vol. 1) xiii + 385 pp.

PROBABILITY AND CAUSALITY. Essays in Honor of Wesley C. Salmon. Dordrecht/Boston/
Lancaster /Tokyo: D. Reidel Publishing Company, 1988. (Synthese Library, Vol. 192) xvii + 353 pp.

EPISTEMOLOGY AND COGNITION. Dordrecht/Boston/London: Kluwer Academic Publishers, 1991. (Studies in Cognitive Systems, Vol. 6) xiii + 301 pp.

FOUNDATIONS OF PHILOSOPHY OF SCIENCE: Recent Developments. New York, NY: Paragon House Publishers, 1993. (Paragon Issues in Philosophy) xvii + 512 pp.

THE PHILOSOPHY OF CARL G. HEMPEL: Studies in Science, Explanation, and Rationality. New York, NY: Oxford University Press, 2000. xxix + 342 pp.

SCIENCE, EXPLANATION, AND RATIONALITY: Aspects of the Philosophy of Carl G. Hempel. New York, NY: Oxford University Press, 2001. xxxiii + 423 pp.

CONSCIOUSNESS EVOLVING. Amsterdam, The Netherlands: John Benjamins Publishers, 2002 (Advances in Consciouness Research) xix + 251 pp.

Co-Edited Books:

PHILOSOPHY, LANGUAGE, AND ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE. Resources for Processing Natural Language (co-edited with Jack Kulas and Terry L. Rankin). Dordrecht/Boston/London: Kluwer Academic Publishers, 1988. (Studies in Cognitive Systems, Vol. 2) xii + 421 pp.

PHILOSOPHY, MIND, AND COGNITIVE INQUIRY. Resources for Understanding Mental Processes (co-edited with David Cole and Terry L. Rankin). Dordrecht/Boston/London: Kluwer Academic Publishers, 1990. (Studies in Cognitive Systems, Vol. 3) xi + 449 pp.

DEFINITIONS AND DEFINABILITY: Philosophical Perspectives (co-edited with David Shatz and George Schlesinger). Dordrecht/Boston/London: Kluwer Academic Publishers, 1991. (Synthese Library, Vol. 216) ix + 323 pp.

PROGRAM VERIFICATION. Fundamental Issues in Computer Science (co-edited with Timothy Colburn and Terry L. Rankin). Dordrecht/Boston/London: Kluwer Academic Publishers, 1993. (Studies in Cognitive Systems, Vol. 14) xiii + 457 pp.

THE NEW THEORY OF REFERENCE: Kripke, Marcus, and Its Origins (co-edited with Paul W. Humphreys). Dordrecht, The Netherlands: Kluwer Academic Publishers, 1998. (Synthese Library, Vol. 270) xiii + 290 pp.

THE PLACE OF PROBABILITY IN SCIENCE (co-edited with Ellery Eells). Dordrecht, Heidelberg, London, New York: Springer, 2010. xliii + 368 pp.

Guest Edited Journal Issues:

Single-Case Probabilities, Synthese, Vol. 40, No. 3 (March 1979), pp.409-514.

Probabilistic Explanation, Part I, Synthese, Vol. 48, No. 2 (August 1981), pp. 165-330.

Probabilistic Explanation, Part II, Synthese, Vol. 48, No. 3 (September1981), pp. 331-494.

Rationality and Objectivity: Philosophical and Psychological Conceptions, Part I, Synthese, Vol. 57, No. 2 (November 1983), pp. 127-266.

Rationality and Objectivity: Philosophical and Psychological Conceptions, Part II, Synthese, Vol. 57, No. 3 (December 1983), pp. 267-442.

Epistemology and Cognition, Part I, Synthese, Vol. 82, No. 2 (February 1990), pp. 175-306.

Epistemology and Cognition, Part II, Synthese, Vol. 82, No. 3 (March 1990), pp. 307-439.

Epistemology and Cognition, Part III, Synthese, Vol. 83, No. 1 (April 1990), pp. 1-177.

Propensities and Probabilities, Synthese, Vol. 132, Nos. 1-2. (July/August 2002), pp. 1-184.

Evolution and Its Rivals (co-edited with Glenn Branch), Synthese (forthcoming).

Co-Edited Journal Symposium:

The New Theory of Reference (co-edited with Paul W. Humphreys), Synthese, Vol. 104, No. 2 (August 1995), pp. 177-283.

General Articles:

"Dispositional Probabilities", in R. Buck and R. Cohen, eds., PSA 1970 (Dordrecht, Holland: D. Reidel, 1971), pp. 473-482. (Boston Studies in the Philosophy of Science, Vol. 8)

Reprinted in R. Tuomela, ed., Dispositions (Dordrecht, Holland: D. Reidel, 1978), pp. 267-276.

"Philosophy of Science versus Psychology of Science", American Psychologist (July 1972), pp. 662-665.

"Grunbaum's 'Defense' of the Symmetry Thesis", Philosophical Studies (April 1974), pp. 173-187.

"On 'Epistemic Possibility'", Philosophia (April-July 1974), pp. 327-335.

"Statistical Explanations", in K. Schaffner and R. Cohen, eds., PSA 1972 (Dordrecht, Holland: D. Reidel, 1974), pp. 337-347. (Boston Studies in the Philosophy of Science, Vol. 20)

"Statistical Probabilities: Single Case Propensities vs. Long Run Frequencies", in W. Leinfellner and E. Kohler, eds., Developments in the Methodology of Social Science (Dordrecht, Holland: D. Reidel, 1974), pp. 387-397.

"A Single Case Propensity Theory of Explanation", Synthese (October 1974), pp. 171-198.

Reprinted in J. H. Fetzer, ed., Foundations of Philosophy of Science: Recent Developments (New York,  NY: Paragon, 1993), pp. 184-202.

"On the Historical Explanation of Unique Events", Theory and Decision (February 1975), pp. 87-97.

"The Likeness of Lawlikeness", in R. Cohen, C. Hooker, A. Michalos and J. van Evra, eds., PSA 1974 (Dordecht, Holland: D. Reidel, 1976), pp. 377-391. (Boston Studies in the Philosophy of Science, Vol. 32)

"Elements of Induction", in R. Bogdan, ed., Local Induction (Dordrecht, Holland: D. Reidel, 1976), pp. 145-160.

"Reichenbach, Reference Classes, and Single Case 'Probabilities'", Synthese (February 1977), pp. 185-217. Errata, Synthese (January 1978) pp. 113-114.

Reprinted in W. Salmon, ed., Hans Reichenbach: Logical Empiricist (Dordrecht, Holland: D. Reidel, 1979), pp. 187-219.

Reprinted in H. Kyburg, Jr., and M. Thalos, eds., Probability is the Very Guide of Life (Chicago, IL: Open Court, 2003), pp. 3-32.

"A World of Dispositions", Synthese (April 1977), pp. 397-421.

Reprinted in R. Tuomela, ed., Dispositions (Dordrecht, Holland: D. Reidel, 1978), pp. 163-187.

"On Mellor on Dispositions", Philosophia (July 1978), pp. 651-660.

"Syntax, Semantics, and Ontology: A Probabilistic Causal Calculus" (with Donald E. Nute), Synthese (March 1979), pp. 453-495.

"A Probabilistic Causal Calculus: Conflicting Conceptions" (with Donald E. Nute), Synthese (June 1980), pp. 241-246. Errata, Synthese (September 1981), p. 493.

"Probability and Explanation", Synthese (September 1981), pp. 371-408.

"Transcendent Laws and Empirical Procedures", in N. Rescher, ed., The Limits of Lawfulness (Lanham, MD: University Press of America, 1983), pp. 25-32.

"Probabilistic Explanations", in P. Asquith and T. Nickles, eds., PSA 1982, Vol. 2 (East Lansing, MI: Philosophy of Science Association, 1983), pp. 194-207.

"Probability and Objectivity in Deterministic and Indeterministic Situations", Synthese (December 1983), pp. 367-386.

Reprinted in J. H. Fetzer, ed., Foundations of Philosophy of Science: Recent Developments (New York, NY: Paragon, 1993), pp. 210-223.

Reprinted in E. Eells and J. Fetzer, eds., The Place of Probability in Science (Dordrecht, Heidelberg, London, New York: Springer, 2010), pp. 229-244.

"Philosophical Reasoning", in J. H. Fetzer, ed., Principles of Philosophical Reasoning (Totowa, NJ: Rowman and Allanheld, 1984), pp. 3-21.

"Reduction Sentence 'Meaning Postulates'", in N. Rescher, ed., The Heritage of Logical Positivism (Lanham, MD: University Press of America, 1984), pp. 55-65.

"Science and Sociobiology", in J. H. Fetzer, ed., Sociobiology and Epistemology (Dordrecht, Holland: D. Reidel, 1985), pp. 217-246.

"Methodological Individualism: Singular Causal Systems and Their Population Manifestations", Synthese (July 1986), pp. 99-128.

"Mentality and Creativity", Journal of Social and Biological Structures (January 1988), pp. 82-85.

Reprinted in C. Findlay and C. Lumsden, eds., The Creative Mind (New York, NY: Academic Press, 1988), pp. 82-85.

"Probabilistic Metaphysics", in J. H. Fetzer, ed., Probability and Causality (Dordrecht, Holland: D. Reidel, 1988), pp. 109-132.

Reprinted in E. Eells and J. Fetzer, eds., The Place of Probability in Science (Dordrecht, Heidelberg, London, New York: Springer, 2010), pp. 81-98.

"Signs and Minds: An Introduction to the Theory of Semiotic Systems", in J. H. Fetzer, ed., Aspects of Artificial Intelligence (Dordrecht, The Netherlands: Kluwer Academic Publishers, 1988), pp. 133-161.

Reprinted in J. Fetzer, Computers and Cognition: Why Minds are Not Machines (Dordrecht, The Netherlands: Kluwer Academic Publishers, 2001), pp 43-71.

"Program Verification: The Very Idea", Communications of the ACM (September 1988), pp. 1048-1063.

Reprinted in T. Colburn, J. H. Fetzer, and T. Rankin, eds., Program Verification (Dordrecht, The Netherlands: Kluwer Academic Publishers, 1993), pp. 321-358.

Reprinted in J. Fetzer, Computers and Cognition: Why Minds are Not Machines (Dordrecht, The Netherlands: Kluwer Academic Publishers, 2001), pp. 183-220.

"ACM Forum: Response from the Author", Communications of the ACM (March 1989), pp. 288-289.

"Technical Correspondence: The Author's Response", Communications of the ACM (March 1989), pp. 377-381.

"Language and Mentality: Computational, Representational, and Dispositional Conceptions", Behaviorism (Spring 1989), pp. 21-39.

Reprinted in D. Cole, J. H. Fetzer, and T. Rankin, eds., Philosophy, Mind, and Cognitive Inquiry (Dordrecht, The Netherlands: Kluwer Academic Publishers, 1990), pp. 377-402.

Reprinted in J. Fetzer, Computers and Cognition: Why Minds are Not Machines (Dordrecht, The Netherlands: Kluwer Academic Publishers, 2001), pp. 73-98.

"Technical Correspondence: The Author's Response", Communications of the ACM (April 1989), pp. 510-512.

"ACM Forum: Patents and Programs", Communications of the ACM (June 1989), pp. 675-676.

"ACM Forum: Another Point of View", Communications of the ACM (August 1989), pp. 920-921.

"Mathematical Proofs of Computer System Correctness: A Response", Notices of the AMS (December 1989), pp. 1353-1354.

"Evolution, Rationality, and Testability", Synthese (March 1990), pp. 423-439.

"The Final Word on Program Verification", Notices of the AMS (May/June 1990), pp. 562-563.

"The Frame Problem: Artificial Intelligence Meets David Hume", Expert Systems (1990), pp. 219-232.

Reprinted in K. Ford and P. Hayes, eds., Reasoning Agents in a Dynamic World (Greenwich, CN: JAI Press, 1991), pp. 55-69.

"Artificial Intelligence Meets David Hume: A Response to Patrick Hayes", Expert Systems (1990), pp. 239-247.

Reprinted in K. Ford and P. Hayes, eds., Reasoning Agents in a Dynamic World (Greenwich, CN: JAI Press, 1991), pp. 77-85.

"The Workshop on Defeasible Reasoning: Comments", SIGART Bulletin (January 1991), pp. 5-7, pp. 16-17, p. 21, p. 28, pp. 31-33, pp. 36-37.

"Aspects of the Theory of Definition", in J. H. Fetzer, D. Shatz, and G. Schlesinger, eds., Definitions and Definability: Philosophical Perspectives (Dordrecht, The Netherlands: Kluwer Academic Publishers, 1991), pp. 3-17.

"Primitive Concepts: Habits, Conventions, and Laws", in J. H. Fetzer, D. Shatz, and G. Schlesinger, eds., Definitions and Definability: Philosophical Perspectives (Dordrecht, The Netherlands: Kluwer Academic Publishers, 1991), pp. 51-68.

Reprinted in J. Fetzer, Computers and Cognition: Why Minds are Not Machines (Dordrecht, The Netherlands: Kluwer Academic Publishers, 2001), pp. 25-42.

"Philosophical Aspects of Program Verification", Minds and Machines (May 1991), pp. 197-216.

Reprinted in T. Colburn, J. H. Fetzer, and T. Rankin, eds., Program Verification (Dordrecht, The Netherlands: Kluwer Academic Publishers, 1993), pp. 403-427.

Reprinted under the title, "Program Verification", in A. Kent and J. Williams, eds., Encyclopedia of Computer Science and Technology Vol. 28 (New York, NY: Marcel Dekker, 1993), pp. 237-254.

Reprinted under the title, "Program Verification", in A. Kent and J. Williams, eds., Encyclopedia of Microprocessors, Vol. 14 (New York, NY: Marcel Dekker, 1994), pp. 47-64.

Reprinted in J. Fetzer, Computers and Cognition: Why Minds are Not Machines (Dordrecht, The Netherlands: Kluwer Academic Publishers, 2001), pp. 221-245.

"What's Wrong with Salmon's History: The Third Decade", Philosophy of Science (June 1992), pp. 246-262

"Connectionism and Cognition: Why Fodor and Pylyshyn are Wrong", in A. Clark and R. Lutz, eds., Connectionism in Context (Heidelberg, FRG: Springer-Verlag, 1992), pp. 37-56.

Reprinted (in Finnish) in E. Marjomaa and T. Vaden, eds., Ihmisen Tiedonkasittely, Symbolien Manipulointi ja Konnektionismi (Tampereen Yliopiston Jaljennepalvelu, 1991), pp. 1-31.

"Goldman has Not Defeated Folk Functionalism", Behavioral and Brain Sciences (March 1993), pp. 42-43.

"Peirce and Propensities", in E. C. Moore, ed., Charles S. Peirce and Philosophy of Science (Birmingham, AL: University of Alabama Press, 1993), pp. 60-71.

"Evolution Needs a Modern Theory of the Mind", Behavioral and Brain Sciences (December 1993), pp. 759-760.

"The TTT is Not the Final Word", THINK (June 1993), pp. 34-36.

"The Argument for Mental Models is Unsound", Behavioral and Brain Sciences (June 1993), pp. 347-348.

"Evidential Probabilities are Not Enough", Computational Intelligence (February 1994), pp. 49-52.

"Mental Algorithms: Are Minds Computational Systems?", Pragmatics and Cognition 2 (1994), pp. 1-29.

Reprinted in J. Fetzer, Computers and Cognition: Why Minds are Not Machines (Dordrecht, The Netherlands: Kluwer Academic Publishers, 2001), pp. 101-129.

"Creative Thinking Presupposes the Capacity for Thought", Behavioral and Brain Sciences (September 1994), pp. 539-540.

"Logical Reasoning and Domain Specificity: A Critique of the Social Exchange Theory of Reasoning" (with Paul Davies and Tom Foster), Biology and Philosophy (January 1995), pp. 1-37.

"Minds and Machines: Behaviorism, Dualism, and Beyond", Stanford Humanities Review 4 (1995), pp. 251-265.

Reprinted in J. Fetzer, Computers and Cognition: Why Minds are Not Machines (Dordrecht, The Netherlands: Kluwer Academic Publishers, 2001), pp. 3-21.

"Ethics and Evolution", in J. Hurd, ed., Investigating the Biological Foundations of Human Morality (Lewiston, NY: Edwin Mellen Press, 1996), pp. 223-242.

"Computer Reliability and Public Policy: Limits of Knowledge of Computer-Based Systems", Social Philosophy and Policy 13 (Summer 1996), pp. 229-266

Reprinted in E. Paul, F. Miller, and J. Paul, eds., Scientific Innovation, Philosophy, and Public Policy (New York, NY: Cambridge University Press, 1996), pp. 229-266.

Reprinted in J. Fetzer, Computers and Cognition: Why Minds are Not Machines (Dordrecht, The Netherlands: Kluwer Academic Publishers, 2001), pp. 229-266.

"Escaping the Propositional Prison", The Monist (July 1997), pp. 378-381.

"Thinking and Computing: Computers as Special Kinds of Signs", Minds and Machines 7 (August 1997), pp. 345-364.

"Intelligence vs. Mentality: Important but Independent Concepts", in A. Meystel, ed., Proceedings of the 1997 International Conference on Intelligent Systems and Semiotics (Gaithersburg, MD: National Institute of Standards and Technology, 1997), pp. 493-498.

"Philosophy and Computer Science: Reflections on the Program Verification Debate", in T. Bynum and J. H. Moor, eds., The Digital Phoenix: How Computers are Changing Philosophy (Oxford, UK: Basil Blackwell,1998), pp. 253-273.

Reprinted in J. Fetzer, Computers and Cognition: Why Minds are Not Machines (Dordrecht, The Netherlands: Kluwer Academic Publishers, 2001), pp. 247-267.

"Introduction" (co-authored with Paul Humphreys), in P. Humphreys and J. Fetzer, eds., The New Theory of Reference (Dordrecht, The Netherlands: Kluwer Academic Publishers, 1998), pp. vii-xiii.

"Computer Systems: The Uncertainty of Their Reliability", Bridges 5 (1998), pp. 197-215.

"People are Not Computers: (Most) Thought Processes are Not Computational Procedures", Journal of Experimental and Theoretical Artificial Intelligence 10 (1998), pp. 371-391.

Reprinted in J. Fetzer, Computers and Cognition: Why Minds are Not Machines (Dordrecht, The Netherlands: Kluwer Academic Publishers, 2001), pp. 153-180.

"Group Selection and the Evolution of Culture", in V. Falger, P. Meyer, and J. van der Dennen, eds., Research in Biopolitics: Sociobiology and Politics (Stamford, CT: JAI Press, 1998), pp. 3-15.

"Philosophy and Computer Science: Reflections on the Program Verification Debate", in T. Bynum and J. H. Moor, eds., The Digital Phoenix: How Computers are Changing Philosophy (Oxford, UK: Basil Blackwell,
1998), pp. 253-273.

Reprinted in J. Fetzer, ed., Computers and Cognition: Why Minds are Not Machines (Dordrecht, The Netherlands: Kluwer Academic Publishers, 2001), pp. 247-267.

Published in Italian translation under the title, Capitolo quattordici Filosofia e informatica: riflessioni sul dibattito sulla verifica dei programmi, in La Fenice Digitale: come i computer stanno camiando la filosofia (Milano, Italy: Arogeo, 2000), pp. 277-300.

"Introduction" (co-authored with Paul Humphreys), in P. Humphreys and J. Fetzer, eds., The New Theory of Reference (Dordrecht, The Netherlands: Kluwer Academic Publishers, 1998), pp. vii-xiii.

"The Role of Models in Computer Science", The Monist 82 (1999), pp. 20-36.

"Deduction and Mental Models: A Discussion Review of P. N. Johnson-Laird and R. M. J. Byrne, Deduction", Minds and Machines (February 1999), pp. 105-110.

"Mental Models: Reasoning without Rules", Minds and Machines (February 1999), pp. 119-125. Errata, Minds and Machines (August 1999), p. 457.

"Editor's Introduction", J. Fetzer, ed., Science, Explanation, and Rationality (New York, NY: Oxford University Press, 2000), xv + xxix.

"The Paradoxes of Hempelian Explanation", in J. Fetzer, ed., Science, Explanation, and Rationality (New York, NY: Oxford University Press, 2000), pp. 111-137.

"Computing is at Best a Special Kind of Thinking", in B. Elevitch, ed., Philosophy of Mind and Philosophy of Psychology, Proceedings of the 20th World Congress of Philosophy, Vol. 6 (2000), pp. 103-113.

"Editor's Introduction", J. Fetzer, ed., The Philosophy of Carl G. Hempel (New York, NY: Oxford University Press, 2001), xiii + xxxiii.

"Introduction", in J. Fetzer, ed., Consciousness Evolving (Amsterdam, NL: John Benjamins, 2002), pp. xiii-xix.

"In Memoriam: Wesley C. Salmon (1925-2001)", Synthese 132/1-2 (July-August 2002), pp. 1-3.

"Guest Editor's Introduction", Synthese 132/1-2 (July-August 2002), pp. 5-8.

"Propensities and Frequencies: Inference to the Best Explanation", Synthese 132/1-2 (July-August 2002), pp. 27-61.

Reprinted in E. Eells and J. Fetzer, eds., The Place of Probability in Science (Dordrecht, Heidelberg, London, New York: Springer, 2010), pp. 323-351.

"Evolving Consciousness: The Very Idea!", Evolution and Cognition 8/2 (2002), pp. 230-240.

"Consciousness and Cognition: Semiotic Conceptions of Bodies and Minds", in Q. Smith and A. Jokic, eds., Aspects of Consciousness (Oxford, UK: The Clarendon Press, 2003), pp. 295-322.

"Carl G. Hempel", in Dematteis, P. and L. B. McHenry, Dictionary of Literary Biography, Vol. 279: American Philosophers 1950-2000 (Detroit/New York: Thompson Gale, 2003), pp. 89-99.

"The Philosophy of AI and Its Critique", in Luciano Floridi, ed., The Blackwell Guide to the Philosophy of Computing and Information (Malden, MA: Blackwell Publishers, 2004), pp. 119-134.

"Information: Does it Have to be True?", Minds and Machines 14/2 (May 2004), pp. 223-229.

"Disinformation: The Use of False Information", Minds and Machines 14/2 (May 2004), pp. 231-240.

"The Ethics of Belief: Taking Religion Out of Public Policies", Bridges 11/3-4 (Fall/Winter 2004), pp. 247-278.

"What is Abduction? An Assessment of Jaakko Hintikka's Conception", in D. Kolak and J. Symons, eds., Quantifiers, Questions, and Quantum Physics (Dordrecht, The Netherlands: Springer, 2004), pp. 119-134.

"Carl G. Hempel", The Encyclopedia of Philosophy, 2nd edition (New York, NY: MacMillan Reference Books, 2006).

"The Frame Problem", The Encyclopedia of Philosophy, 2nd edition (New York, NY: MacMillan Reference Books, 2006).

"Foreward", in A. Louls, T. Gudwin, and J. Queiroz, eds., Artificial Cognition Systems (London, UK: Idea Group Publishing, 2007), pp. vi-vii.

"Preface" (with Ellery Eells), in E. Eells and J. Fetzer, eds., The Place of Probability in Science (Dordrecht, Heidelberg, London, New York: Springer, 2010), pp. vii-viii.

"Introduction" (with Ellery Eells), in E. Eells and J. Fetzer, eds., The Place of Probability in Science (Dordrecht, Heidelberg, London, New York: Springer, 2010), pp. xv-xxxiv.

"Is Evolution an Optimizing Process?", in E. Eells and J. Fetzer, eds., The Place of Probability in Science (Dordrecht, Heidelberg, London, New York: Springer, 2010), pp. 163-177.

"Hempel, Carl", Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy (10 September 2010).

"Evolution and Atheism: Has Griffin reconciled Science and Religion?", Synthese (forthcoming).

"Minds and Machines: Limits to Simulations of Thought and Action", Signs and Semiotic Systems (forthcoming).

Discussion Reviews:

"Discussion Review: Achinstein's Law and Explanation", Philosophy of Science (September 1975), pp. 320-333.

"Discussion Review: Chalmer's What is this thing called Science?", Erkenntnis (November 1979), pp. 393-404.

"Critical Study: Wolgast's Paradoxes of Knowledge", Philosophia (March 1983), pp. 403-421.

"Critical Notice: Wesley Salmon's Scientific Explanation and the Causal Structure of the World", Philosophy of Science (December 1987), pp. 597-610.

"Are There Laws of Nature? Critical Notice: van Fraassen's Laws and Symmetry", Philosophical Books (April 1991), pp. 65-75.

"Critical Notice: Kitcher and Salmon, eds., Scientific Explanation, and Salmon, Four Decades of Scientific Explanation", Philosophy of Science (June 1991), pp. 288-306.

"What Makes Connectionism Different? Discussion Review: W. Ramsey, S. Stich, and D. Rumelhart, eds., Philosophy and Connectionist Theory", Pragmatics and Cognition 2 (1994), pp. 327-348.

Reprinted in J. Fetzer, Computers and Cognition: Why Minds are Not Machines (Dordrecht, The Netherlands: Kluwer Academic Publishers, 2001), pp. 131-152.

"Biological Adaptations and Evolutionary Epistemology. Discussion Review: Henry Plotkin, Darwin Machines and the Nature of Knowledge", Adaptive Behavior 4 (1995), pp. 201-210.

"Are there Animal Minds? Discussion Review: M. S. Dawkins, Through Our Eyes Only: The Search for Animal Consciousness", The Journal of Social and Evolutionary Systems 19 (Spring 1996), pp. 187-192.

Reprinted in European Sociobiological Society Newsletter No. 44 (May 1997), pp. 17-24.

"Discussion Review: Kanzi: The Ape at the Brink of the Human Mind", European Sociobiological Newsletter (September 1998), pp. 18-23.

Reprinted in The Journal of Social and Evolutionary Systems 21 (1998), pp. 229-233.

"Discussion Review: Robert Almeder, Harmless Naturalism", Journal for Scientific Exploration 18 (2004), pp. 683-689.

Book Reviews:

"Review: Ackermann's The Philosophy of Karl Popper", Philosophy of Science (September 1978), pp. 491-493.

"Review: Skyrm's Causal Necessity", Philosophy of Science (June 1981), pp. 329-335.

"Review: Levi's The Enterprise of Knowledge", Philosophical Books (January 1982), pp. 35-37.

"Review: Weatherford's Philosophical Foundations of Probability Theory", Philosophical Books (July 1983), pp. 165-167.

"Review: Achinstein's The Nature of Explanation", Philosophy of Science (September 1984), pp. 516-519.

"Review: Armstrong's What is a Law of Nature?/Cartwright's How the Laws of Physics Lie", Philosophical Books (April 1985), pp. 120-124.

"Review: Tooley's Causation: A Realist Approach", Canadian Philosophical Reviews (March 1989), pp. 121-124.

"Review: Brown's Observation and Objectivity", NOUS (April 1991), pp. 248-250.

"Review: Scharples et al., Computers and Thought", Philosophical Psychology 4 (1991), pp. 383-385.

"Review: Suppe's The Semantic Conception of Theories and Scientific Realism", Canadian Philosophical Reviews (October 1991), pp. 364-367.

"What Reviewers Should and Should Not Do: On Harold Thimbleby on AI: Its Scope and Limits", SIGART Bulletin (January 1992), pp. 6-7.

"Review: Merlin Donald's Origins of the Modern Mind", Philosophical Psychology 6 (1993), pp. 339-341.

"Review: Donald Griffin, Animal Minds", Human Ethology Newsletter (September 1994), pp. 15-17.

"Philosophy and Sociobiological Explanations: A Review of Harmon Holcomb's Sociobiology, Sex, and Science", The Quarterly Review of Biology (September 1994), pp. 376-378.

"Review: Sheets-Johnstone's The Roots of Thinking", Philosophical Psychology 7 (1994), pp. 397-399.

"Return to Animal Mind: A Reply to Aiken's Comments on a Review", Human Ethology Bulletin (December 1995), pp. 5-6.

"Review: Daniel Dennett, Kinds of Minds", Philosophical Psychology 10(1997), pp. 113-115.

"The Alan Turing Home Page", APA Newsletter on Philosophy and Computing 97 (1998), pp. 54-55.

Applied Philosophical Research

Co-Authored Books:

AMERICAN ASSASSINATION:  The Strange Death of Senator Paul Wellstone (with Don "Four Arrows" Jacobs) (Brooklyn, NY:Voxpop, 2004), xviii + 188 pp.

Edited Books:

ASSASSINATION SCIENCE: Experts Speak Out on the Death of JFK (Chicago, IL: Open Court/Catfeet Press, 1998), xvi + 464 pp.

MURDER IN DEALEY PLAZA: What We Know Now that We Didn't Know Then (Chicago, IL: Open Court/Catfeet Press, 2000), xii + 468 pp. + 16 pp. Color Insert Section

THE GREAT ZAPRUDER FILM HOAX: Deceit and Deception in the Death of JFK (Chicago, IL: Open Court/Catfeet Press, 2003), xx + 496 pp.

THE 9/11 CONSPIRACY: The Scamming of America (Chicago, IL: Open Court/Catfeet Press, 2007), xxii + 322 pp.

General Articles:

"A Piece of My Mind: Lundberg, JFK and JAMA", The Third Decade (March 1993), pp. 35-40.

Reprinted in Harrison E. Livingstone, Killing the Truth (New York, NY: Carroll & Graf, 1993), pp.
635-641.

Reprinted in J. H. Fetzer, ed., Assassination Science (Chicago, IL: Open Court/Catfeet Press, 1998), pp. 27-36.

"JFK's Assassination: Conspiracy, Forensic Science, and Common Sense", in Harrison E. Livingstone, Killing the Truth (New York, NY: Carroll & Graf, 1993), pp. 642-648.

Reprinted under the title, "Thinking Critically about JFK's Assassination", in J. H. Fetzer, ed., Assassination Science (Chicago, IL: Open Court/Catfeet Press, 1998), pp. 85-92.

"The Zapruder Film and the Language of Proof", Kennedy Assassination Chronicles 2 (Winter 1996), pp. 40-42.

"The Death of JFK", in J. H. Fetzer, ed., Assassination Science (Chicago, IL: Open Court/Catfeet Press, 1998), pp. 1-22.

"Assassination Science and the Language of Proof", in J. H. Fetzer, ed., Assassination Science (Chicago, IL: Open Court/Catfeet Press, 1998), pp. 349-371.

"Artful Deceptions and Other Fallacies: A Page from Posner", The Fourth Decade (January 1998), pp. 8-12.

"Three Shots in Three Seconds: How the Nation's Press Misleads the American People", Kennedy Assassination Chronicles (Spring 1998), pp. 24-29.

"A Reply to Hal Verb", The Fourth Decade 5 (May 1998), pp. 13-17.

"Where were You when JFK was Shot?", The Dealey Plaza Echo (United Kingdom, November 1999), pp. 26-29.

"'Smoking Guns' in the Death of JFK", in J. H. Fetzer, ed., Murder in Dealey Plaza (Chicago, IL: Open Court/Catfeet Press, 2000), pp. 1-15.

"Jesse Curry's JFK Assassination File: Could Oswald Have Been Convicted?", in J. H. Fetzer, ed., Murder in Dealey Plaza (Chicago, IL: Open Court/Catfeet Press, 2000), pp. 361-370.

"Preface", The Great Zapruder Film Hoax (Chicago, IL: Open Court/Catfeet Press, 2003), pp. ix-xx.

"Prologue: Fraud and Fabrication in the Death of JFK", The Great Zapruder Film Hoax (Chicago, IL: Open Court/Catfeet Press, 2003), pp. 1-28.

"Which Film is 'The Zapruder Film'?" (with Scott A. Lederer), The Great Zapruder Film Hoax (Chicago, IL: Open Court/Catfeet Press, 2003), pp. 29-44.

Reprinted in assassinationresearch.com 2/2 (2003).

Distorting the Photographic Record: 'Death in Dealey Plaza'", The Great Zapruder Film Hoax (Chicago, IL: Open Court/Catfeet Press, 2003), pp. 427-436.

Reprinted in assassinationresearch.com 2/2 (2003).

"Reasoning about Assassinations: Critical Thinking in Political Contexts", International Journal of the Humanities, Vol. 3 (2005/2006), pp. 1447-9508.

"Preface: The 9/11 Conspiracy (Chicago, IL: Open Court/Catfeet Press, 2007), pp. ix-xix.

"Thinking about 'Conspiracy Theories': 9/11 and JFK", The 9/11 Conspiracy (Chicago, IL: Open Court/Catfeet Press, 2007), pp. 43-74.

"Moorman/Zapruder Revisited", DEALEY PLAZA ECHO 13/1 (2009), pp. 6-33.

Electronic Publications:

"The Lone-Nutter Refutation", assassinationresearch.com 1/1 (2002)

Reprinted in assassinationscience.com (2004);

"On the Origins of the Assassination of JFK", assassinationresearch.com 1/1 (2002)

"Mrs. Paine's Garage: A Work of Deception from Beginning to End", assassinationresearch.com 1/1 (2002)

Reprinted in The Dealey Plaza Echo 6/2 (2002), pp. 26-32

Reprinted in Kennedy Assassination Chronicles 8/1 (2002)

"Editor's Preface: Gregory Douglas and Regicide: Both Fascinating and Frustrating", assassinationresearch.com 1/2 (2002)

"Regicide: Are We Closing in on the Whole Truth about JFK?", assassinationresearch.com 1/2 (2002)

"Reflections on Madeleine", Kennedy Assassination Chronicles 8/2 (2002), http://www.jfklancer.com/kSum02.html

"Editor's Preface: Ira David Wood III: The Assassination Chronology", assassinationresearch.com 2/1 (2003)

"Editor's Preface: The Zapruder Film: Recent Research and Legal Issues", assassinationresearch.com 2/2 (2003)

"The NTSB Failed Wellstone" (with John P. Costella), fromthewilderness.com (6 July 2005)

Reprinted in From the Wilderness 8/5 (31 July 2005), pp. 15-22

"Reclaiming History: A Closed Mind Perpetrating a Fraud on the Public", assassinationresearch.com 5/1 (2007), 11 pp.

Reprinted in Paris Flammonde, Indices of the Assassination of
America, Book 4 (Stroudsburg, PA; Scanuscryption, 2007), pp. 1743-1756

Reprinted in The Dealey Plaza Echo (November 2007), pp. 35-45.

"New Proof of JFK Film Fakery", OpEdNews, (5 February 2008).

"Another Attempted Reenactment of the Death of JFK", with David W. Mantik, M.D., Ph.D., OpEdNews (21 November 2008).

"Moorman in the Street", http://JFKresearch.com/Moorman, (January 2009).

"Tink Rolls the Dice", http://JFKresearch.com/Moorman2, (March 2009).

"Zapruder JFK Film Impeached by Moorman JFK Polaroid", OpEdNews, (28 March 2009).

"What Didn't Happen at the Pentagon", (11 June 2009).

Reprinted (with edits) as "What Didn't Happen at the Pentagon", (25 January 2010).

"False Flag Attacks in Argentina: 1992 and 1994" (with Adrian Salbuchi), (11 June 2009).

"The Dartmouth JFK-Photo Fiasco" (with Jim Moor), (11 June 2009).

Reprinted as "JFK Assassination. How 'Patsies' Are Framed. The Case of Lee Harvey Oswald" (with Jim Moor), (11 December 2009).

"American Assassination: What Happened to Paul Wellstone? Part I", (9 December 2009).

"American Assassination? What Happened to Paul Wellstone? Part II", (11 December 2009).

"American Assassination? What Happened to Paul Wellstone? Part III", (17 December 2009).

"Conspiracy Theories: A Triple-Header", (21 December 2009).

"Dealey Plaza Revisited: What Happened to JFK?", in John F. Kennedy: History, Memory, Legacy, edited by John Williams et al. (2010), (19 November 2009).

Reprinted as "Dealey Plaza Revisited: What Happened to JFK?", (19 November 2009).

"Unanswered Questions: Was 9/11 an 'Inside Job'?", (7 January 2010).

"Blowing the Whistle on Dartmouth: Hany Farid 'in the nation's service'", (27 January 2010).

"New 9/11 Photos Released", (10 February 2010).

"Predator Drones: The Immoral Use of Autonomous Machines", (18 March 2010).

"US Government Official: JFK Cover-Up, Film Fabrication", Online Journal, (7 April 2010).

"JFK and RFK: The Plots that Killed Them, The Patsies that Didn't", voltairenet.com, (13 June 2010).

"Conspiracies and Conspiracism", Online Journal, (28 June 2010).

"Wikipedia as a 9/11 Disinformation Op", Online Journal, (6 July 2010).

Videotapes:

"JFK: The Assassination, the Cover-Up, and Beyond", a 7-part lecture series. Written and Directed by James H. Fetzer. 4:25:20. (1994)

"The Zapruder Film Symposium", a 6-part public presentation organized and moderated by James H. Fetzer. Produced by JFK Lancer Productions & Publications. 2 Videotapes. 4:12:00. (1996)

"Dallas Before 22 November 1963", A Conversation between Madeleine Duncan Brown and James H. Fetzer. Produced by JFK Lancer Productions & Publications. 0:30:00. (1998)

"The Death of JFK", A Professional Conference held at the University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, 14-16 May 1999, organized and moderated by James H. Fetzer. 14 Videotapes. 15:49:00. (1999)

"The Zapruder Film Symposium", A Professional Conference held at the University of Minnesota, Duluth, 9-11 May 2003, organized and moderated by James H. Fetzer. Forthcoming.

"The Science and the Politics of 9/11: What's Controversial, What's Not", A Professional Conference held at the Radisson Madison, Madison, WI, 3-5 August 2007, organized and moderated by James H. Fetzer. 2 DVD-9s. 13:14:00. (2007)

Web Sites:

Public Issues: http://assassinationscience.com

JFK Research: http://assassinationresearch.com

Scholars for 9/11 Truth: http://911scholars.org

New Blog: http://jamesfetzer.blogspot.com/

Radio Blog: http://radiofetzer.blogspot.com/