University of Minnesota Duluth block M and wordmark

 Skip to the Contents  A    B    C    D    E    F    G    H    I    J    K    L    M    N    O    P    Q    R    S    T    U    V    W    X    Y    Z
~ Blenco Search
~ Google advanced
~ Google scholar
~ Google books
~ Google images
~ Google Translate
~ Google URL Shortener
The World Fact Book -- CIA
BBC News
explore the world
-- Lonely Planet
UMD Library Main Catalog
Cultural Anthropology
Anthropology in the News

  TR HomePage    TR Courses
  Home f2024

 Tim Roufs

 su2012 calendar [archive]

class slides on-line:


cultural anthropology

Tuesday, 18-Jun-2024 20:48:41 GMT
Today in History
Today in Headlines
Word of the Day

Babel Fish Translation
~ translate this page

Enlarge Fonts

OWL logo, Online Writing Lab, Purdue University.

Cultural Anthropology Course Information


Search the site
(all TR courses and web pages)

"New Orleans Black Indians:
A Case Study in the Arts

(30 min., 1994, VC 2466 pt. 23)

for analysis and post-Katrina update on the Black Indians of New Orleans
Cultural Anthropology: Our Diverse World,
"Grouping by Gender, Age, Common Interests and Class"

(Part 11)

(30 min., 2008, DVD 1793, Pt. 11)

People Live in
Multiple Cultural Worlds

    • class
    • race
    • ethnicity
    • gender
    • age
    • institutions

American Routes With Nick Spitzer

This Week on American Routes:
February 22-28, 2006

"Mardi Gras in New Orleans"

"Mardi Gras has been a part of Louisiana culture since 1699. Parades have rolled in New Orleans and Mobile since the early 1800's, and it's the 150th anniversary of the first official Mardi Gras krewe parade in New Orleans. We take the occasion to remember the life and passing of the leader of the Yellow Pocahontas, Allison “Tootie” Montana, the Chief of Chiefs who passed away in June of 2005.

Big Chief Allison

R.I.P. Big Chief Allison "Tootie" Montana -- Wikipedia

(30 min., 1994, VC 2466 pt. 23)

transcript -- Honolulu Community College

Mardi Gras Indians -- Wikipedia
Tribes of the Mardi Gras Indian Nation

"This documentary examines the Black Indian tribes of New Orleans and their Mardi Gras celebration which began in the 1880's. It describes the origins of the tribes as well as Mardi Gras, and focuses on the distinctive folk art features of the celebration including the songs, dances and particularly the elaborate costumes which hold great social significance are a form of artistic expression for the Black Indians. The program includes comments by several of the participants in which they express the historic symbolism and intense relationships expressed in the celebration."

"The canonical rule is that Easter Sunday is the first Sunday after the 14th day of the lunar month (the nominal full moon) that falls on or after 21 March (nominally the day of the vernal equinox ). For determining the feast, Christian churches settled on a method to define a reckoned "ecclesiastic" Moon, rather than observations of the true Moon like the Jews did." -- Wikepedia

". . .The forty days before Easter, not including Sundays." -- Wikepedia

(In Judaic, Christian and Islamic tradition: the tag Forty days and forty nights describes the period for which rain fell during Noah's flood, the period Moses spent on Mount Sinai receiving the Ten Commandments and the period Christ spent in the wilderness.)

and in Great Britain on (Shrove Tuesday)
Pancake Day

Terms / Concepts
to top of page / A/Z index   to top of page / A-Z index
  • New Orleans


  • "New Orleans Black Indians"
to top of page / A/Z index   to top of page / A-Z index

Related WebSites

to top of page / A/Z index   to top of page / A-Z index


Mardi Gras Indian Glossary

  • Big Chief: the leader of a particular Indian gang, and often the oldest member

  • Second Chief, etc.: many gangs have underlings of the Big Chief without specific roles, unlike:

    • Wild Man: member of the gang responsible for clearing a way through the crowd for the Big Chief, identifiable by horns on his suit and/or staff

    • Flag Boy, First Flag, etc: member that carries the large, usually feathered staffs who conveys contact with rivals gangs spotted by the Spy Boy to the rest of the gang

    • Spy Boy: member responsible for locating rival gangs and alerting his gang to their whereabouts, so a battle may ensue; often carries a decorated facsimile of a rifle

    • "Prettiest": the ultimate compliment of a Mardi Gras Indian's costume

    • "Pretty, pretty": see, "prettiest"

    • "New Suit": traditionally, Indians make a new costume for each Mardi Gras; in practice, many costumes are composed of pieces from past years' suits. Also a famous Indian song by The Wild Magnolias

    • Indian songs: there are many traditional Mardi Gras Indian chants that have been recorded by the Wild Magnolias, the Wild Tchoupitoulas, and the Golden Eagles. Some include "Meet The Boys On The Battlefront," "My Big Chief Got A Golden Crown," and "Handa Wanda"

    • Indian practice: usually weekly gatherings by Indian gangs at neighborhood bars where they practice their chants prior to Mardi Gras; costumes are not worn

People Live in
Multiple Cultural Worlds

    • class
    • race
    • ethnicity
    • gender
    • age
    • institutions


© 1998 - 2020 Timothy G. Roufs    Envelope: E-mail
Page URL: http:// /cla/faculty/troufs/anth1604/video/New_Orleans_Black_Indians.html
Site Information / Disclaimers ~ Main A-Z Index

View Stats