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Ancient Middle America

Fall 2014 Calendar

Wikipedia
 map: topographic
  map: Mesoamerica and Its Cultural Areas
  Mesoamerica
 Pre-Hispanic Mesoamerica


OWL logo, Online Writing Lab, Purdue University.
class slides on-line
(free PowerPoint Viewer 2010)


 

Monday, 22-Dec-2014 22:14:03 GMT

Archaeological Periods
in American Archaeology

(as defined by various authors)

(Correlations are only approximate)

For more detailed information see

Detailed Mesoamerican Time Line and Stages (Periods)
(commonly accepted stages and stage criteria)

Stage Diagram from Mexico: From the Olmecs to the Aztecs, 5th ed.

scanned version

to top of page / A/Z index to top of page / A-Z index



Approx.
Time

Coe1

Willey and
Phillips2


Older
Clasification


Steward3

Krieger4

 

 

 

A.D. 1521

 

 

Spanish Conquest




Industrial
Revolution

Iron-Age
Culture


 

 

 

A.D. 900

 

Postclassic

~ Late

~ Early

 

Postclassic

 

Postclassic

 

Cyclical
Conquests

Dark Ages


 

 

 

 

 

 

A.D. 150/250

 

 

Classic

(Epiclassic /)
~ Terminal

~ Late

~ Early

 

 

 

Classic

 

 

Classic

 

 

Inital
Conquest

Regional
Florescence

 

 

Urban
Life

A.D.

B.C.

 



ca. 1800 B.C.



Preclassic

~ Late

~ Middle

~ Early

 

 

Formative

 

 

 

 

Preclassic

 

 

 

("Early Hunters")

("Paleo-Indian")

("Lithic")


Formative

Food
Producing

 

Incipient
Agriculture

 

Food
Gathering

 

 

 

ca. 7000 B.C.

 

 

Archaic

 

 

 

Archaic

 

 

Hunting and
Gathering

 

Paleo-
Indian

("Paleo-
American")

 

 

 

13,000 B.C.?

 


Early Hunters

 


Lithic


Lower
Lithic?

or

Early
Percussion?


1After Coe, Michael D., and Rex Koontz. Mexico: From the Olmecs to the Aztecs, 5th ed.. New York: Frederick A. Praeger, 2002.

2Willey, Gordon R., and Philip Phillips. Method and Theory in American Archaeology. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1958.

3Steward, Julian H. "Cultural Causality and Law: A Trial of the Development of Early Civilizations," American Anthropologist. 51, 1-25.

4Krieger, Alex D. "New World Culture History: Anglo-American," in Anthropology Today, ed. A.L. Kroeber, pp. 238-64. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

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