A    B    C    D    E    F    G    H    I    J    K    L    M    N    O    P    Q    R    S    T    U    V    W    X    Y    Z
 
 
~ Google advanced
 
 
~ Google scholar
~ Google books
~ Google images
~ Google Translate
 
~ Blenco Search
 
Wikipedia
 
Wiktionary
 
BBC News
 
explore the world
-- Lonely Planet
 
UMD Library Main Catalog
Anthropology in the News
Moodle logo.
<moodle.umn.edu>

HomePage

Ancient Middle America

Fall 2014 Calendar

Wikipedia
 map: topographic
  map: Mesoamerica and Its Cultural Areas
  Mesoamerica
 Pre-Hispanic Mesoamerica




. . . in History
  . . . in Headlines

UM One Stop
more on J-Store

      Babel Fish Translation
~ translate this page

Cutting Costs for College Textbooks

general textbook information

class slides on-line
(free PowerPoint Viewer 2010)
OWL logo, Online Writing Lab, Purdue University.
 

Sunday, 21-Sep-2014 16:18:12 GMT


to top of page / A/Z index   to top of page / A-Z index

Timeline and Stages (Periods)

stages class handout
(as defined by various authors)


Hunting / Gathering
Preclassic
Classic
Postclassic

Other Mesoamerican Time Lines

  Other Time Lines on the WorldWide Web

 


Much of Ancient Middle America involves looking at various cultures, stages, and sites.
For specifics, please see the text books.


Prehistoric Mesoamerica Time Line1

Maps: | Mexico | Guatemala | Belize | El Salvdor | Honduras | Nicaragua | Costa Rica| Other Maps |

Dates Periods Significant Developments Major Culture(s) Major Sites /
Phases

A.D.
1521


Spanish Conquest -- fall of Tenochtitlán

 


A.D.
1521

1200

 

 

Late
Post-Classic

 

 

Aztec Triple Alliance formed

 

 

Aztec Empire

Mixtec states

Tenochtitlán

Mayapán

Tulum

Mitla
Monte Albán V

Yagul


A.D.
1400

1200


Middle
Post-Classic

rise of the Aztec empire

"Feudal" states

 

"Chichimecs"

 

"Chichimecs"

A.D.
1200


Aztecs reach Valley of Mexico

 

A.D.
1200

900

 


Early
Post-Classic


widespread militarism

Toltec states

 


Toltec

 

Tula
(burnt 1156 or 1168)

"Toltec" Chichén Itzá

North and Central Gulf "Totonac"? El Tajín
(burnt ca. 1200)

ca.
A.D.
925

 

Toltec arrive in Yucatán


to top of page / A/Z index   to top of page / A-Z index

A.D.
925

800

 

Terminal
Classic

Classic Maya collapse,
Putún ascendancy


Puuc, Maya

Chichén Itzá

 

 

 

 

 

A.D.
900

600

 

 

 

 

 


Late
Classic

 

 

 

 

Bonampak murals

height of Maya civilization

reign of Pacal at Palenque

"Totonac"?

El Tajín

 

 

 


Zapotec

Xochicalco

Edzna

Cholula

Bonampak

Monte Albán IV

Monte Albán III-B

Palenque

Uxmal

El Tajín
(Veracruz)

Remojadas
(Veracruz)

Puuc

ca.
A.D.
700
-
650


Fall of Teotihuacán

 

 

 

A.D.
600

150 / 250

 

 

 


Early
Classic

 

 

 

height of Teotihuacán domination and influence

Teotihuacános

Teotihuacán III

 

 

 

Maya

Copán
(Yax K'uk Mo')

Tikal
(Petén)

Uaxactún
(Petén)

Monte Albán IIIb

Kaminal-
juyú

(highland)
Esperanza phase


to top of page / A/Z index   to top of page / A-Z index

 

 

 

A.D.
150 / 250



A.D.

B.C.



400
B.C.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

"Late
Preclassic
"
(Formative)

 

"urban revolution"

new social class divisions

building of Pyramid of Sun and city planning at Teotihuacán

Massive pyramid-building in Mayan lowands

spread of Izapan civilization, calendar, writing

Isthmian script

invention of the Long Count calendar

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


"Epi-Olmec"

 

La Mojarra

Tikál

Teotihuacán I - II
(Tzacualli?)

Early Remojadas

Chupícuaro

Cuicuilco
(A.D. 150 destroyed by volcano)

Monte Albán II - IIIa

Izapan styles

Santa Clara

Chikanel

Kaminaljuyú
Miraflores Phase

Ticomán

 

 

 

400

1,200
B.C.

 

 

 

"Middle
Preclassic

(Formative)

 

construction of Monte Albán

first writing at San José Mogote

spread of La Venta Olmec influence

Earliest lowland Maya villages

 

 

 


"Olmec"

Zacatenco

Chalcatzingo

La Venta

Mamon

Conchas

El Arbolillo

Xe

 

 

 

1,200

1,800 
B.C.

 

 

 

Early
Preclassic

(Formative)

Early Olmec influence on Pacific Coast
(spread of San Lorenzo Olmec influence)

Early Olmec civilization at San Lorenzo

beginnings of social stratification

origins of farming village life, pottery, figurines

 

 

 


"Pre-Olmec"

 

San Lorenzo
(Veracruz)

Tlatilco

San José Mogote

Cuadros

Cuello

Ocós

Barra


to top of page / A/Z index   to top of page / A-Z index


ca.
1,800

origins of village life, pottery, figurines

". . . The Preclassic period is quite comparable to the Neolithic
of the Old World. . . . "
(Coe, Mexico, 1994, p. 41)

 

 

 

ca.
1,800

ca.
7,000
B.C.

 

 

 

 

Archaic

 

 

incipient agriculture

some signs of fixed settlement

extinction of many animals

 

 


"Desert Culture"
(North America)

 

Tehuacán
Purrón Phase?
Abejas Phase
Coxcàtlan Phase
El Riego Phase

Santa Marta

Tlapacoya

Tamaulipas caves and rockshelters

Oaxaca Archaic

Belize Archaic
(e.g., Cuello)

 

 

ca.
7,000

ca.
13,000 ??
B.C.

 

 

 

Early Hunters

(Paleo-Indian)

("Lithic")

 

 

big game hunting

nomadic foraging

fishing

 

 


Early Hunters

Clovis

Tehuacán -- Ajuereado

Tamaulipas -- Diablo

Tamaulipas -- La Perra

Sta. Isabel Iztapan

Tepexpán

Tequixquiac

Tlapacoya

Valsequillo

1After Willey, Gordon R., and Philip Phillips. Method and Theory in American Archaeology. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1958.   And "Chronological Table of Mesoamerican Archaeology," by David K. Jordan.

top of page /\  A-Z index
Moodle
© 1998 - 2014 Timothy G. Roufs — All rights reserved     Envelope: E-mail
Page URL: http:// www.d.umn.edu /cla/faculty/troufs/anth3618/ma_timeline.html
Last Modified Friday, 02-Dec-2011 12:26:20 CST
Site Information / Disclaimers ~ Main A-Z Index


View Stats