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Culture and Personality
(Psychological Anthropology)


 Spring 2014 Calendar
Thursday, 24 April 2014, 00:50 (12:50 AM) CDT, day 114 of 2014
Mustard seed.

Magic Eye©
Science, Optics



 

The book,

Stranger in the Mirror:
An Examination of Visual Agnosia

(60 min., 1993, VC 2464)
From NOVA

 
Abstract Terms / Concepts Notes Cultures Sites Individuals Bibliography
/ Resources

The Brain

The Brain: A Road Map to the Mind -- MSNBC

"How the brain recognises a face" -- BBC
(Marilyn Monroe morphed into Margaret Thatcher)

Brain Has "Face Place" for Recognition, Monkey Study Confirms -- National Geographic

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Terms / Concepts




  • limbic nervous system

    • "A set of structures in and around the midbrain, forming a functional unit regulating motivational-emotional types of behavior such as waking and sleeping, excitement and quiescence, feeding, and mating" (Hilgard, Introduction to Psychology)

    • this is important for learning of new faces

    • and it is important for emotional responses

  • Cf., synaesthesia

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Notes:

  • context gives meaning to visual detail

  • recognizing pattern is important

  • We attach names to things. "When something has a name, it means that one has a perception category for the item, and that gives it meaning. . . . The name gives structure and order to the [perceptual] world."

    • "If we can attach names, then it is that knowledge of order that gives structure to our world."

  • 19th century brain injury (1848) to Phineas P. Gage led to personality change ("no longer Gage")

  • John, the English man could recognize individual letters [on signs], but couldn't read the words.

    • but if he heard his wife, for example, in the railroad station, he would recognize her -- so his hearing was not suffering from the problem that his vision was

    • The Man who Mistook his Wife for a Hat could recognize individual letters, but couldn't read the words

  • The Birmingham analysis sought (1) to check "recognition" (but the Englishman could see and could even copy by drawing the picture of the bird); their (2) second question was could the patient find a name for the item (but the Englishman knew the names and the definitions).

    • The 3-D image literally doesn't exist in our heads; it is created by the brain

  • Larry does not have recognition at a conscious level, but he does have recognition at an unconscious level. There is a difference between having conscious knowledge of something, and having unconscious knowledge of something.

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"Everyday Cognition" perception . . . cognition . . . and . . .

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  • Question: "How do Alterted States of Conscious (ASCs) fit in?"



The problems with visual agnosia
occur "between" the percepts and the "concepts" stages . . .

 

 

 

cognition


per
ception:

vision
wife's face
wave / particle
eyes brain "per - cepts"
   

 

 


con
ception

"con - cepts"

Spradley's diagram of percepts.

   

Source: James P. Spradley (Ed.), Culture and Cognition: Rules, Maps, and Plans
(San Francisco, CA: Chandler, 1972), p. 9.

Cf., "Foundations of Cultural Knowledge," in Culture and Cognition: Rules, Maps, and Plans
(San Francisco, CA: Chandler, 1972), pp. 3-38.

cognition perception sensory vision
hearing
touch
taste
smell
extra - sensory
(ESP)
6th ?
conception


Cf., "Foundations of Cultural Knowledge," in Culture and Cognition: Rules, Maps, and Plans
(San Francisco, CA: Chandler, 1972), pp. 3-38.

 

Percepts


Source: James P. Spradley (Ed.), Culture and Cognition: Rules, Maps, and Plans
(San Francisco, CA: Chandler, 1972), p. 9.

 

The Formation of Concepts


Source: James P. Spradley (Ed.), Culture and Cognition: Rules, Maps, and Plans
(San Francisco, CA: Chandler, 1972), p. 10.

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Cultures:

English

American

Individuals:

Paul Broca ("Broca's area" of the brain)

Phineas Gage

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References:

The book,

The Man Who Mistook His Wife for a Hat : And Other Clinical Tales -- Oliver W. Sacks

Questions:

What is re - cognition? And "pattern recognition?"

What is re - call? And "pattern recall?"

How does "phantom pain" enter into this?

How does this relate to odor research?

How would you compare this research with Dr. Edwin May's "Remote Viewing" Houston research seen in the "ESP" segment from Science Frontiers: Put to the Test?

with visual agnosia you have percepts without concepts

Cf., Stranger in the Mirror: An Examination of Visual Agnosia (60 min., 1993, VC 2464) [From NOVA ]

with ESP do you have concepts without percepts?

~
© 1998 - 2014 Timothy G. Roufs    Envelope: E-mail
Page URL: http:// www.d.umn.edu /cla/faculty/troufs/anth4616/video/Visual_Agnosia.html
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