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Anthropology in the News

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 Anthropology of Food
Friday, 04 September 2015, 16:06 (04:06 PM) CDT, day 247 of 2015
BBC Food
Wikipedia: Food | Food and drink | Food culture | Food history | Food Portal |
Wikipedia Categories: Food and Drink | History of Food and Drink | Historical Foods |
World Clock Cf.: Food Production and Animal Slaughter
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OWL logo, Online Writing Lab, Purdue University.
 
     
Sicilian ice-cream in a bread bun. A good solution to a local problem: the Mediterranean heat quickly melts the ice-cream, which is absorbed by the bread.
"Palermo, Sicily
Italy
A Fistful of Rice.
A Fistfull of Rice
Nepal
Claire Kathleen Roufs eating first food at 5 months.
Claire Kathleen Roufs
U.S.A.
Eating rat.
"Eating Rat At
The New Year
"
Vietnam
National Geographic
Video
Desert People, boy eating "grub worm"
Desert People
Australia
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Chocolate

(including cocoa)

In the News

see also
  Aztec Feasts

Chocolate \Choc"o*late\, noun. [Spanish expression, from the Mexican name of the cacao. Compare to Cacao, Cocoa.] -- Webster's Online Dictionary

 

 Chocolate is created from the cocoa bean. A cacao tree with fruit pods in various stages of ripening

Chocolate is created from the cocoa bean. A cacao tree with fruit pods in various stages of ripening.

Wikipedia:

Cacao
Chocolate
Chocolate manufacturers
Chocolate (disambiguation)
Cocoa
History of chocolate

Chocolate -- Webster's Online Dictionary

 

The European Union Chocolate Wars: A Run-up to Scaling
(slides: scaling.ppt)
(slides: scaling_CE.ppt)
(slides: scaling_Belgium.ppt)


In the News . . .

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Aztec statuary of a male figure holding a cacao pod.

Aztec statuary
of a male figure holding a cacao pod

Wikipedia


 

 Scientists believe the first cacao beverages were sipped from vessels like this one, which was found in northern Honduras.

Scientists believe the first cacao beverages were sipped from vessels like this one, which was found in northern Honduras.

New analyses of similar pottery fragments suggest people have been enjoying chocolate for more than 3,000 years—about 500 years earlier than previously believed



Oscar Ortega, Jackson, WY
 Oscar Ortega
 International Award-Winning Chocolatier
 Facebook


The True History of Chocolate, 2nd Ed., Sophie and Michael Coe.


Russell Stover chocolates.

Russell Stover, nephew to his namesake who created the candy company, served on the City Council of Duluth, MN from 2000-2008
 Facebook



Belgian Chocolate
Belgian Double Chocolate

Codex: Mixtec marriage, with chocolate gift.

"Since Pre-Columbian Mixtec documents are mainly concerned with histories, they record historical events such as royal births, wars and battles, royal marriages, forging of alliances, pilgrimages, and death of rulers. In addition to the calendrical signs used for dating events and naming individuals, the Mixtecs used a combination of conventionalized pictures as well as glyphs to illustrate the type and nature of the event. An example is … the wedding scene, usually shown as as two individuals of opposite sex facing each other and sitting on jaguar-pelt chairs, as illustrated by this example from the Codex Nuttall recording the marriage of the legendary Mixtec king 8 Deer "Tiger Claw" of Tilantongo to Lady 12 Snake on the day 13 Snake of the year 13 Reed (1051 CE)."

"This arrangement of the bride and groom is a purely pictorial convention, with no connection to the language. This means that no idiom or phrase in the Mixtec language describing two people sitting facing each other is a metaphor for marriage. However, the cup of chocolate held by Lady 13 Snake may represent the expression ynodzehua, which means "dowry" in Mixtec, where the root dzehua means "chocolate". Chocolate or cacao was one of the most expensive and luxurious products in Mesoamerica, and cacao beans were used as currency. It is no surprise the word for dowry would be based on chocolate."

ancientscripts.com/mixtec


 Map of Cacao Producing Regions of Colonial Mexico

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Chocolate, Scavina 6.
Scavina-6
Chocolate Connoisseur

Cocoa beans in a cocoa pod.

Cocoa beans in a cocoa pod

Wikipedia

 

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Chocolate covered catepillars.

Chocolate bar 88%.  

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Cholate bar 99%.

 Cadbury