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Anthropology of Food

to Sweet Treats around the World

What FoodAnthro is Reading Now . . .
. Sunday, 03 December 2023, 15:14 (03:14 PM) CST, day 337 of 2023 .
BBC Food
The Gardian News / The Gardian Animals Farmed /

Wikipedia: Food | Food and drink | Food culture | Food history | Food Portal

Wikipedia Categories: Food and Drink | History of Food and Drink | Historical Foods

World Food and Water Clock

OWL logo, Online Writing Lab, Purdue University.    
Sicilian ice-cream in a bread bun. A good solution to a local problem: the Mediterranean heat quickly melts the ice-cream, which is absorbed by the bread.
"Palermo, Sicily
A Fistful of Rice.
A Fistfull of Rice
Claire Kathleen Roufs eating first food at 5 months.
Claire Kathleen Roufs

Eating rat.
"Eating Rat At The New Year"
National Geographic
Desert People, boy eating "grub worm"
Desert People

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Anthroplogy of Food
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Dairy Products

In the News

see also
Lactose Intolerance
Frozen Desserts
Cattle / Cows / Beef


A glass of pasteurized cow milk.
1. A whitish liquid containing proteins, fats, lactose, and various vitamins and minerals that is produced by the mammary glands of all mature female mammals after they have given birth and serves as nourishment for their young. 2. The milk of cows, goats, or other animals, used as food by humans. 3. A liquid, such as coconut milk, milkweed sap, plant latex, or various medical emulsions, that is similar to milk in appearance.
VERB:   Inflected forms: milked, milk·ing, milks
1a. To draw milk from the teat or udder of (a female mammal). b. To draw or extract a liquid from: milked the stem for its last drops of sap. 2. To press out, drain off, or remove by or as if by milking: milk venom from a snake. 3. Informal a. To draw out or extract something from, as if by milking: milked the witness for information. b. To obtain money or benefits from, in order to achieve personal gain; exploit: “The dictator and his cronies had milked their country of somewhere between $5 billion and $10 billion” (Russell Watson).
  1. To yield or supply milk. 2. To draw milk from a female mammal.

Middle English, from Old English milc. See melg- in Appendix I:


To rub off; also to milk. Oldest form *melTBA-, becoming *melg- in centum languages.
   I. 1. Zero-grade form *mTBAg-. emulsion, from Latin mulgTBAre, to milk. 2. Full-grade form *melg-. a. milk, from Old English meolc, milc; b. milch, from Old English -milce, milch, from Germanic suffixed form *meluk-ja-, giving milk; c. milchig, from Old High German miluh, milk. a–c all from Germanic *melkan, to milk, contaminated with an unrelated noun for milk, cognate with the Greek and Latin forms given in II below, to form the blend *meluk-.
   II. Included here to mark the unexplained fact that no common Indo-European noun for milk can be reconstructed is another root *g(a)lag-, *g(a)lakt-, milk, found only in: a. galactic, galacto-, galaxy; agalactia, polygala, from Greek gala (stem galakt-), milk; b. lactate, lacteal, lactescent, lacto-, latte, lettuce, from Latin lac, milk; c. the blended Germanic form cited in I. 2. above. (Pokorny mTBAlTBA- 722, glag- 400.)

OTHER FORMS:   milk'er —NOUN
The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition.
Copyright © 2000 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by the Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.


Milk -- Language and culture
Lactose intolerance
Cheese curd

In the News . . .

Lactose Intolerance by Region.

Lactose Intolerance by Region.
(African countries are only a rough guess)



American lobster, Homarus americanus.

Holstein cattle, the dominant breed in industrialized dairying today.

A simplified representation of a lactose molecule being broken down into glucose and galactose.

A simplified representation of a lactose molecule being broken down into glucose and galactose.

Domesticated cow being milked in Ancient Egypt.

Domesticated cow being milked in Ancient Egypt

 Rick Bickner, co-owner of Moo's Gourmet Ice Cream, with Vicki Bickner, reflects on quality ice cream and quality life in Jackson Hole, Wyoming.

Rick Bickner, co-owner of Moo's Gourmet Ice Cream, with Vicki Bickner,
reflects on quality ice cream and quality life in Jackson Hole, Wyoming.

 Vermeer's Masterpiece: The Milkmaid.

  Vermeer's Masterpiece: The Milkmaid -- The Metropolitan Museum of Art


Het melkmeisje
The Milkmaid

Johannes Vermeer


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