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Thursday, 27 November 2014, 07:17 (07:17 AM) CST, day 331 of 2014

Prehistoric Cultures

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Thursday, 27 November 2014, 13:17 (01:17 PM) GMT, day 331 of 2014
. . . in History
  . . . in Headlines

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"Lucy" hominid discovered at Hadar in 1974

"Lucy," a hominin discovered at Hadar in 1974

Hominins

(chart)

 

advanced primates
that walk around
regularly
on two legs

 

 

 

 

 

Homo sapiens -- bipedal hominid.

Homo sapiens
-- a bipedal hominin

In the news . . .

  • New Hominid Species Discovered in South Africa - New York Times (2010-04-08)
  •      1 - "Key" Human Ancestor Found: Fossils Link Apes, First Humans? - National Geographic News (2010-04-08)
         2 - Odd Fossil May Be Human Ancestor, Or Dead End - NPR (2010-04-08)
         3 - South African fossils could be new hominid species - BBC News (2010-04-08)
         4 - 2-million-year-old fossils may help fill key gap in human evolution - Los Angeles Times (2010-04-08)
         5 - Fossil skeletons may belong to an unknown human ancestor - Guardian (2010-04-08)
         6 - Almost human: closest australopithicine primate found - New Scientist (2010-04-08)
         7 - Claim over 'human ancestor' sparks furore - Nature (2010-04-08)
         8 - Anthropologist Helps Identify New Species - Texas A&M (2010-04-08)
         9 - Fossil Skeletons May Be Human Ancestor - Live Science (2010-04-08)
         10 - New Ancestor May Be Ape-Human Link - Discovery News (2010-04-08)
         11 - New pre-human species offers evolutionary clues - Reuters (2010-04-08)
         12 - Partial skeletons may represent new hominid - Science News (2010-04-08)
         13 - New hominid shares traits with Homo species - EurekAlert (2010-04-08)
         14 - Fossils shake up our family tree - MSNBC (2010-04-08)
         15 - New Hominid Shares Traits With Homo Species: Fossil Find Sheds Light on the Transition to Homo Genus from Earlier Hominids - Science Daily (2010-04-08)
         16 - Possible New Human Ancestor Discovered - Wired (2010-04-08)
         17 - IU's Carlson among team of scientists announcing new species of prehistoric man - EurekAlert (2010-04-08)
         18 - Texas A&M anthropologist helps identify new species of Homo-like fossil found in South Africa - EurekAlert (2010-04-08)
         19 - New Fossil May Show How Apes Became Humans - ABC News (2010-04-08)
  • Fossil Finger Points to New Human Species - Nature (2010-03-24)
  •      1 - Researchers Discover New Lineage of Ancient Human - Science (2010-03-24)
         2 - Bone May Reveal a New Human Group - New York Times (2010-03-24)
         3 - DNA Identifies New Ancient Human Dubbed 'X-woman' - BBC News (2010-03-25)
         4 - New Species of Human Ancestor Found in Siberia - Guardian (2010-03-24)
         5 - Ancient DNA Suggests New Hominid Line - Science News (2010-03-24)
         6 - Stranger from Siberia Is New Ancestor of Man, Claim Scientists - Telegraph (2010-03-24)
         7 - DNA from Bone Shows New Human Forerunner, and Raises Array of Questions - Washington Post (2010-03-25)
         8 - X-Woman Could Forever Change Human History - Discovery News (2010-03-24)
         9 - New Human Species Discovered: Mitochondrial Genome of Previously Unknown Hominins from Siberia Decoded - Science Daily (2010-03-25)
         10 - Meet X-woman: A Possible New Species of Human - New Scientist (2010-03-24)
         11 - Possible New Human Ancestor Found in Siberia - Reuters (2010-03-24)
         12 - DNA Reveals New Hominid Ancestor - Wired (2010-03-24)
         13 - Fossil Finger Points To New Human Relatives - NPR (2010-03-26)
         14 - New Type of Human Discovered via Single Pinky Finger - National Geographic News (2010-03-25)
         15 - Evolution Is This a New Species of Human Being? - Guardian (2010-03-26)
    • are advanced primates that walk around regularly on two legs. That is, hominins are humans and their bipedal prehistoric ancestors.

    • are classified as living or fossil members of the primate family Hominidae, which includes three (some say two) genera (which is plural of "genus"):

      1. Australopithecus
      2. Paranthropus (aka A. robustus)
      3. Homo


    Hominids
    (Hominidae)

    | Primates -- Contemporary | Primates -- Prehistoric |

    Family

    Genus

    Species

    Variety 

    Example

    Alternative Name

    Hominids

    (Hominidae)
    Orrorin
    tugenensis   "Millenium Man"

    Ardipithecus

    ramidus

     

    "Ardi"

     

    Australo-
    pithecus

    anamensis

         

    afarensis

     

    "Lucy"

     

    africanus

     

    Taung

     

    garhi

         

    aethiopicus

     

    "Black Skull"

    Paranthropus
    (aka A. robustus)

    boisei

     

    "Zinj"

    robustus

     

    Swartkrans

    Homo

    rudolfensis

     

    ER-1470

    "Early Homo"

    habilis 

     

    Homo habilis

    erectus    
    "Java Man"
    "Peking Man"
    sapiens sapiens    
      Adapted from Intoduction to Physical Anthropology, 8th ed, Jurmain, Nelson, Kilgore, and Trevathan
    (Belmont, CA: Wadsworth/Thomson Learning, 2000, pp. 285 - 290).

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