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Peoples and Cultures of Europe

 Spring 2017 Calendar

Friday, 09 December 2016, 15:14 (03:14 PM) CST, day 344 of 2016

Society for the Anthropology of Europe

Countries, Cultures, Regions, and Territories of Europe

 topics and resources

see also Understanding Global Cultures

  Coins of the Eurozone

  Euro banknotes

  Eurozone fiscal matters

 European Studies

  language dictionaries

  BBC News: Europe EurostatEuropa (EU)


Friday, 09 December 2016, 21:14 (09:14 PM) GMT, day 344 of 2016
Today in History
Today in Headlines
Word of the Day

Babel Fish Translation
~ translate this page
OWL (Online Writing Lab) Purdue University.

topics and resources

World Clock Time

Europa and the Bull, Moreay.

Europa and the Bull

Enlèvement d'Europe
  Nöel-Nicolas Coypel, c. 1726
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Text and Other Class Material

Online Reserve Materials

Cutting Costs for College Textbooks -- NPR

UMD Bookstore
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[some free, with ads]

  general textbook information

Welcome to Anthropology 3635 Peoples and Cultures of Europe
(Anthropology of Europe)

Available on-line in your
folder at <>

I hope you are having a great holiday season.

I am sending this note out early to make it more convenient for the pre-crastinators to order textbooks on-line (if that is an attractive option for you), and / or to let you get started reading one or other of the interesting books we have for the class (if you are the kind of person who likes to read ahead). If neither of these options applies to you, and you feel like a little end-of-the-holiday season procrastination, just relax and enjoy the wonderful winter weather, and, the rest of your break (but be sure to have some lentils on New Years’ Day).

Peoples and Cultures of Europe will be a great course, and a great experience. You will see. . . .

Interest in world cultures—and especially the peoples and cultures of Europe—has never been higher. You can see that in the news and editorial pages of the weekly papers and the other news media. Lots of things are happening on the European front . . . virtually every day. One of the best sources for up-to-date news on Europe is BBC News Europe. I also like The Telegraphand, to balance things out, The Guardian(UK Edition), and The New York Times. For news specific to Anthropology, Anthropology World News from Texas A&M Anthropology is the best.

I am looking forward to meeting you in class on the 12th. In the meantime, you might want to peruse the information in your Moodle folder at <>.

Right off the bat you might be interested in the textbook for the course. The course anchor text is  . . .

 A Companiono to the Anthropology of Europe

Ullrich Kockel, Máiread Nic Craith, and Jonas Frykman (Eds.)
 A Companion to the Anthropology of Europe
Chichester, UK: Wiley-Blackwell, 2016.
is currently available on-line for $54.95-$34.54 new, $43.00 e-book, and $42.54 used
(+ p/h, where applicable, at & eligible for Amazon Prime).
ISBN: 978-1-119-11162-7 (paperback)

[Buy a used one if you can]
NOTE: This is NOT the Hardbound edition (which costs $228.95).
If you simply search on for the book, you might only see the expensive hardbound copy towards the top of the list.
(7 October 2016)

Exams will be open-book essays constructed from a list of study questions that you help create, so it would be a good idea for you to have your own copy of the text, and it is a good idea that you take your reading notes right in your copy of the text itself.

One thing that you should keep in mind when approaching these readings, which I will talk more about as the class progresses, is that as mentioned above the exams are open-book. And for that you should normally just need to read the books carefully and be able to discuss them intelligently. That is, you should read these as if you had picked it/them up at an airport on the way to Dornoch, Scotland, or at neighborhood bookshop because you were interested in the subject and wanted to know more about it, like literally millions of people are doing in everyday life.

PLEASE NOTE: Some students are used to principally memorizing facts in classes. This class is not one where that is the focus.It is about investigating new topics, reading, listening, synthesizing ideas, thinking, exploring, and becoming familiar enough with the various subjects, peoples and places to carry on an intelligent conversation in modern-day society.

In short, this class aims to give you practice in critical thinking, and even creativity.
Critical thinking, involving evaluation and synthesis, has long been regarded as essential for success in the modern-day world. In recent years, actually for two decades, creativity has also become central to success, and "process skills" vital to creativity. Process skills involve "strategies to reframe challenges and extrapolate and transform information, and to accept and deal with ambiguity" (Pappano, "Learning to Think Outside the Box," The Nenw York Times EducationLife, 9 February 2014, 8). Laura Pappano, writer in residence at Wellesley Center for Women at Wellesley College, points out that "In 2010 'creativity' was the factor mos crucial for success found in an I.B.M. survey of 1,500 chief executives in 33 industries. These days 'creative' is the most used buzzword in LinkedIn profiles two years running" (2014, 8).

Here's a recent interesting article from Minnesota Public Radio . . .

How to choose college classes: 6 tips
--Tracy Mumford, Minnesota Public Radio News (10 September 2015)

TAPS, Canada’s leading Beer Magazine—in fact it’s THE BEER MAGAZINE—features this item from a similar class in one of its editorials (Winter 2011-2012, p. 2), so at least one former major Editor in Chief thinks it’s worth noting and imitating.

In a nutshell, ANTH 3635 Peoples and Cultures of Europe consists of three main segments:

I  Orientation and Background (slides)  
  Basic Concepts  
  Methods and Techniques  
II  Explorations  
  Comparative / Cross-Cultural  
  Ethnographic Case Studies from the Real World: Real People . . . Real Places from Around Europe  
III  Student Presentations on Term Research Project  

Towards the second half of the semester, once you have mastered the basic information relating to the People and Cultures of Europe, we will look (generally comparatively, cf., Main Characteristics of Anthropology) at a series of video materials from around Europe. We will actually start that the second day of class, but we’ll focus on visual case study video more towards the second half of the semester. The final section will focus on your research projects.


One of the four main characteristics of American Anthropology is fieldwork, "a primary research technique, involving “participant observation," which usually means living among the people one is interested in learning from and about. It would be wonderful if for anthropology classes we could just rent a bus or charter a plane and fly off for a year or more to learn first-hand from the people themselves. Money, time, and practicality prohibit that, so the next best things—when it comes to studying anthropology—is going to places and viewing subjects by video, and we will do a lot of that this semester. More information on Visual Anthropology is available on-line at <>.

With all of these materials you will be expected to share your ideas and comments with others in the Class Forum and wikis. I'm looking forward to that.

You will find that there is "an awful lot" of materials on-line—maybe even too many!

But don't worry. You will find the required materials center stage in your Moodle folder. Most of the rest of the materials are optional, but you may find that material useful in working on your class project.

Where to start?

Probably the best place is by having a quick look at the "First Day Handout" on-line at <>.

Then have a look at your Moodle Gradebook folder, which gives a nice listing of the actual requirements and due dates for the course. (You'll find the link for that in the upper-left-hand corner of the top of Block 1.)


Then have a look at the "Course Overview" in Block 1 (the top of page one) of your Moodle folder <>.

A word of caution. Moodle recommends that you use the Firefox browser (available free at <>). The Windows Internet Explorer (IE) occasionally will not display items on your screen. These items will simply not be there on IE when they are fine on Moodle or even on Chrome. Microsoft Word should likewise not be used to cut and paste things to Moodle; bad things can happen to your file if you do—randomly. Almost every time you are asked to enter text in Moodle, you will see the message, “Please do not copy/paste text directly from Microsoft Word. See explanation here <>.” Please pay attention to that request.

If you are new to the world of "technology" in general or Moodle in particular, don't worry too much about that. Things may not "work" for you at first, but hang in there and we'll help you along. (And they will work better in Firefox and if you do not cut and paste from your Word documents.)

So once again, welcome to Anth 3635 Peoples and Cultures of Europe. This will be a great course, and a great experience. You will see. . . .

Thanks for signing on for the Anthropology of Europe. I’m looking forward to seeing you on Thursday, the 12th , in Cina Hall 214.

Best of the Holiday Wishes to you . . .

I hope you had a great Boxing Day, and are having a good Christmas-Hanukkah-Kwanza season. Have a great New Year’s Evening and New Year’s Day and a great New Year. And have a good Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. Day as well.

In Vienna and Budapest and throughout much of Europe people will be eating lintels on New Year’s Day. Eating lintels helps you have a great new year. I’ve tried them in both places, and it seems the Hungarian lentils work just slightly better than elsewhere. A Hungarian professor friend recently passed on some important information about New Year’s Day lentils: “Gabriella says that the heart (seeds) are important for the coming fortune. . . .” So on New Year’s Day, eat plenty of lentils and pay special attention to the hearts. . . .

My office hours and contact information (and other regular schedule information) can be found at

Finally, laptops are welcome, in fact encouraged, in the classroom. Many find a laptop quite useful in following the class materials. You can, for example, download all of the slide materials used in class.

Your Moodle site is now on-line. Have a look at it at <>.

In the meantime, if you have any questions, please do not hesitate to post them on Moodle or e-mail

See you on the 12th.

I hope you enjoy the holidays, and have a great New Year’s celebration!

Best Warm Wishes,

Tim Roufs
Duluth, MN
7 October 2016

P.S. If you are new to the world of "technology" don't worry too much about that. Things may not "work" for you at first, but hang in there and we'll help you along. If you have not used Moodle course management system before, you might find it helpful to view the orientation tutorial.

Social Anthropology

Sarah Green, Chris Gregory, Madeleine Reeves, Jane K. Cowan, Olga Demetriou, Insa Koch, Michael Carrithers, Ruben Andersson, Andre Gingrich, Sharon Macdonald, Salih Can Açiksöz, Umut Yildirim, Thomas Hylland Eriksen, Cris Shore, Douglas R. Holmes, Michael Herzfeld, Marilyn Strathern, Casper Bruun Jensen, Keir Martin, Dimitris Dalakoglou, Georgos Poulimenakos, Stef Jansen, Čarna Brkovič, Thomas M. Wilson, Niko Besnier, Daniel Guinness, Mark Hann, Pamela Ballinger and Dace Dzenovska

Version of Record online : 16 JUL 2016, DOI: 10.1111/1469-8676.12331


to top of page / A/Z index   to top of page / A-Z index

 Parman text: Europe in the Anthropological Imagination.

Author Information

Ullrich Kockel is Professor of Ethnology at the University of Ulster and an Academician of the UK’s Academy of the Social Sciences. His recent publications include Culture and Economy: Contemporary Perspectives (edited, 2002), and Re-Visioning Europe: Frontiers, Place Identities and Journeys in Debatable Lands (2010). He has been elected President of the Société Internationale d’Ethnologie et de Folklore (2008-11), and is currently editor of the Anthropological Journal of European Cultures.

Máiréad Nic Craith is Professor of European Culture and Society at the University of Ulster. She is the author ofPlural Identities, Singular Narratives: The Case of Northern Ireland (2002) which was joint winner of the 2004 Ruth Michaelis-Jena Ratcliff research prize for folklife, Culture and Identity Politics in Northern Ireland (2003), Europe and the Politics of Language (2006), and Cultural Diversity, Heritage and Human Rights (co-edited, 2010).

Jonas Frykman is Professor of European Ethnology at Lund University. His publications include Identities in Pain (with Nadia Seremitakis, 1997), Articulating Europe: Local Perspectives (with Peter Niedermüller, 2003), and Sense of Community: Trust Hope and Worries in the Welfare State (with Bo Rothstein et al, 2009).


Cutting Costs for College Textbooks

general textbook information


Ullrich Kockel, Máiread Nic Craith, and Jonas Frykman (Eds.)

 A Companion to the Anthropology of Europe

Chichester, UK: Wiley-Blackwell, 2016.
is currently available on-line for $54.95-$34.54 new, $43.00 e-book, and $42.54 used
(+ p/h, where applicable, at & eligible for Amazon Prime).
ISBN: 978-1-119-11162-7 (paperback)

[Buy a used one if you can]
NOTE: This is NOT the Hardbound edition (which costs $228.95).
If you simply search on for the book, you might only see the expensive hardbound copy towards the top of the list.
(7 October 2016)

From the Publisher:

A Companion to the Anthropology of Europe offers a survey of contemporary Europeanist anthropology and European ethnology, and a guide to emerging trends in this geographical field of research. Providing a synthesis of the different traditions and contemporary approaches to the anthropological study of Europe, Kockel, Nic Craith, and Frykman provide a synthesis of the different traditions and contemporary practices.

  • Provides an authoritative guide for researchers, instructors and students of anthropology and European studies

  • Discusses important emerging trends in this broadening field of research

  • Includes established names and rising stars who will shape the discipline in years to come



Table of Contents

Notes on Contributors viii

1 Introduction: The Frontiers of Europe and European Ethnology 1
Ullrich Kockel, Máiréad Nic Craith, and Jonas Frykman

Part I Europe’s Cardinal Directions 11

2 The Anthropology of Mediterranean Societies 13
Christian Giordano

3 Nordic Reflections on Northern Social Research 32
Hugh Beach

4 Multiculturalism in North America and Europe 51
Reginald Byron

5 Anthropology in Postsocialist Europe 68
Micha³ Buchowski

6 Europe in Eurasia 88
Chris Hann

7 Mitteleuropean Ethnology in Transition 103
Gabriela Kiliánová

Part II European Integration 123

8 Anthropological Studies of European Identity Construction 125
Lisanne Wilken

9 Memory, Citizenship, and Consumer Culture in Postsocialist Europe 145
Ksenija Vidmar Horvat

10 The Europe of Regions and Borderlands 163
Thomas M. Wilson

11 Citizenship(s) in European Contexts 181
Catherine Neveu and Elena Filippova

12 Local Practices of European Identity on the New Eastern Borders of the EU 199
Justyna Straczuk

13 European Politics, Policies, and Institutions 212
Marion Demossier

Part III European Heritages 231

14 Presencing Europe’s Pasts 233
Sharon Macdonald

15 An Anthropology of War and Recovery: Lived War Experiences 253
Maja Povrzanovic´ Frykman

16 European Religious Fragmentation and the Rise of Civil Religion 275
Peter Jan Margry

17 Studying Muslims of Europe 295
Gabriele Marranci

18 Roma and Sinti: The “Other” within Europe 310
Sabrina Kopf

19 Landscape, Landscape History, and Landscape Theory 322
Norbert Fischer

Part IV Cultural Practice 337

20 European Tourism 339
Orvar Löfgren

21 The Diversity of European Food Cultures 355
Gisela Welz

22 Language, Power, and Politics in Europe 373
Máiréad Nic Craith

23 Europe at the Crossroads of Rights and Culture(s) 389
Valdimar Tr. Hafstein and Martin Skrydstrup

24 Corporate Social Responsibility and Cultural Practices on Globalizing Markets 407
Christina Garsten

25 Extreme Neo-nationalist Music Scenes at the Heart of Europe 425
David Murphy

26 Anthropological Perspectives on the European Urban Landscape 440
Christiane Schwab

Part V Disciplinary Boundary Crossings 457

27 Medical Anthropology and Anthropological Studies of Science 459
Maryon McDonald

28 Uses of the Internet in European Ethnographic Research 480
Elisenda Ardévol and Adolfo Estalella

29 Visual Culture, Ethnography, and Interactive Media 497
Terence Wright

30 Hybrid Worlds of Europe: Theoretical and Practical Aspects 519
Elka Tschernokoshewa

31 An Anthropological Perspective on Literary Arts in Ireland 537
Helena Wulff

32 Toward an Ethnoecology of Place and Displacement 551
Ullrich Kockel

33 A Tale of Two Disciplines: European Ethnology and the Anthropology of Europe 572
Jonas Frykman

Index 590


Pi-Sunyer, O. "A Companion to the anthropology of Europe." CHOICE: Current Reviews for Academic Libraries, Dec. 2012, p. 715.
Academic OneFile
, Accessed 30 Nov. 2016.

A Companion to the anthropology of Europe, ed. by Ullrich Kockel, Mairead Nic Craith, and Jonas Frykman. Wiley-Blackwell, 2012. 608p bibl index afp ISBN 1405190736, $199.95; ISBN 9781405190732, $199.95

In this valuable synthesis of the different anthropological traditions and contemporary research interests in the anthropology of Europe, 33 chapters clustered in 5 thematic parts provide valuable insights into a discipline in flux and a continent that, as the editors note, remains in a constant process of transformation. While not the first effort to engage both Europe and anthropology, it is certainly the most wide-ranging and accessible survey of the dual role of Europe as critical to anthropological thinking as well as a diverse space for anthropological practice. The contributions are well written, more than adequately documented, and usually a dozen pages or so, letting readers peruse an essay at one sitting and explore less well-known territory. There are several European "anthropologies," and the book's organization allows readers, for example, to compare and contrast the research priorities of Nordic countries and current anthropology in postsocialist Europe, or examine recent changes in the ethnology of Central Europe, especially useful for nonspecialists. Equally valuable are articles on European integration that cover the European Union and its institutions, identity and citizenship, and the comparative study of regions and borderlands. In short, anthropology-long perceived as the study of the exotic--has returned to its homelands. Summing Up: Highly recommended. *** All academic levels/ libraries.--O. Pi-Sunyer, emeritus, University of Massachusetts at Amherst

to top of page / A/Z index   to top of page / A-Z index
  • Other Articles Available On-Line

  • Sárkány, Mihály. (26 October 2005). “Cultural and Social Anthropology in Central and Eastern Europe.” Knowledge Base Social Sciences in Eastern Europe

  • Articles/postings as recommended from H-SAE (H-Net on-line academic
    discussion web site of the Society for the Anthropology of Europe)

  • Gannon, Martin J. (2004). Chapter 17, “The Traditional British House.” Understanding Global Cultures, 3rd. ed., pp. 221-237. Thousand Oaks, CA: SAGE.
    • no longer available from UM DULUTH Library Reserve Online

  • Gannon, Martin J. (2004). Chapter 21, “The Italian Opera.” Understanding Global Cultures, 3rd. ed., pp. 285-302. Thousand Oaks, CA: SAGE.
    • no longer available from UM DULUTH Library Reserve Online

  • Gannon, Martin J. (2004). Chapter 25, “The Spanish Bullfight.” Understanding Global Cultures, 3rd. ed., pp. 351-365. Thousand Oaks, CA: SAGE.
    • no longer available from UM DULUTH Library Reserve Online

  • Gannon, Martin J. (2004). Chapter 26, “The Portuguese Bullfight.” Understanding Global Cultures, 3rd. ed., pp. 367-375. Thousand Oaks, CA: SAGE.
    • no longer available from UM DULUTH Library Reserve Online

  • Gannon, Martin J. (2004). Chapter 22, “Belgian Lace.” Understanding Global Cultures, 3rd. ed., pp. 303-318. Thousand Oaks, CA: SAGE.
    • no longer available from UM DULUTH Library Reserve Online

  • Related Bibiligraphy
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