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Anthropology of Food

to Sweet Treats around the World

What FoodAnthro is Reading Now  . . .
. Thursday, 17 June 2021, 11:50 (11:50 AM) CDT, day 168 of 2021 .
Wikipedia: Food | Food and drink | Food culture | Food history | Food Portal

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Sicilian ice-cream in a bread bun. A good solution to a local problem: the Mediterranean heat quickly melts the ice-cream, which is absorbed by the bread.
"Palermo, Sicily
A Fistful of Rice.
A Fistfull of Rice
Claire Kathleen Roufs eating first food at 5 months.
Claire Kathleen Roufs
Eating rat.
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Anthroplogy of Food

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Aztec statuary of a male figure holding a cacao pod.

Aztec statuary
of a male figure holding a cacao pod



 Scientists believe the first cacao beverages were sipped from vessels like this one, which was found in northern Honduras.

Scientists believe the first cacao beverages were sipped from vessels like this one, which was found in northern Honduras.

New analyses of similar pottery fragments suggest people have been enjoying chocolate for more than 3,000 years—about 500 years earlier than previously believed

Oscar Ortega, Jackson, WY
 Oscar Ortega
 International Award-Winning Chocolatier

The True History of Chocolate, 2nd Ed., Sophie and Michael Coe.

Russell Stover chocolates.

Russell Stover, nephew to his namesake who created the candy company, served on the City Council of Duluth, MN from 2000-2008

Belgian Chocolate
Belgian Double Chocolate

Codex: Mixtec marriage, with chocolate gift.

"Since Pre-Columbian Mixtec documents are mainly concerned with histories, they record historical events such as royal births, wars and battles, royal marriages, forging of alliances, pilgrimages, and death of rulers. In addition to the calendrical signs used for dating events and naming individuals, the Mixtecs used a combination of conventionalized pictures as well as glyphs to illustrate the type and nature of the event. An example is … the wedding scene, usually shown as as two individuals of opposite sex facing each other and sitting on jaguar-pelt chairs, as illustrated by this example from the Codex Nuttall recording the marriage of the legendary Mixtec king 8 Deer "Tiger Claw" of Tilantongo to Lady 12 Snake on the day 13 Snake of the year 13 Reed (1051 CE)."

"This arrangement of the bride and groom is a purely pictorial convention, with no connection to the language. This means that no idiom or phrase in the Mixtec language describing two people sitting facing each other is a metaphor for marriage. However, the cup of chocolate held by Lady 13 Snake may represent the expression ynodzehua, which means "dowry" in Mixtec, where the root dzehua means "chocolate". Chocolate or cacao was one of the most expensive and luxurious products in Mesoamerica, and cacao beans were used as currency. It is no surprise the word for dowry would be based on chocolate."

 Map of Cacao Producing Regions of Colonial Mexico

Chocolate, Scavina 6.
Chocolate Connoisseur

Cocoa beans in a cocoa pod.

Cocoa beans in a cocoa pod



Chocolate covered catepillars.

Chocolate bar 88%.  

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Cholate bar 99%.