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Sunday, 23 November 2014, 23:46 (11:46 PM) CST, day 327 of 2014

Prehistoric Cultures

Fall 2012 Calendar -- DAY [archive]

Fall 2012 Calendar -- EVENING [archive]

Dates and Times to Remember

class slides on-line
(free PowerPoint Viewer 2010)

Monday, 24 November 2014, 05:46 (05:46 AM) GMT, day 328 of 2014
. . . in History
  . . . in Headlines

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Cutting Costs for College Textbooks

general textbook information
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Selected Major Discoveries / Events

ca. 1850 - 21st Century

For the very latest news on major discoveries see . . .

Anthropology World News -- Texas A&M Anthropology

Archaeological News -- Archaeologica

BBC Archaeology

National Geographic News

Discovery News: Archaeology

ScienceDaily

 
1856 Neandertals, Neander Valley, Germany, 100,000 - 32,000 B.P.
1868 Cro - Magnon, village of Cro - Magnon near Les Eyzies, Dordogne region, France, Homo sapiens sapiens ("moderns"), 34,000 B.P.
1891 Trinil, Java, Pithecanthropus erectus (Homo erectus; "Java Man"), 1.8 - 0.8 mya

1912 Piltdown, England, "Piltdown Man"
(Discredited in early 1950's by chemical tests which showed jaw and skull completely unrelated.)

1920s Choukoutien (now Zhoukoudian), China, Homo erectus ("Peking Man"), 0.5 - 0.2 mya

1924 Taung, South Africa, Australopithecus africanus, 3.0 - 2.0 mya

1934
(1969)
Siwalik Hills, India, Ramapithecus (Sivapithecus), 13 - 8 mya
1936 Sterkfontein,Transvaal, South Africa, Australopithecus africanus, 3 - 2 mya

1938 Sterkfontein,Transvaal, South Africa, Australopithecus robustus, (aka Paranthropus robustus), 3 - 2 mya

1950s
to
present

Olduvai Gorge, Tanzania, many finds of Mary and Louis Leakey, and Richard and Meave Leakey
~ 1959 "Zinj" (Zinjanthropus, Australopithecus boisei)
~ e.g., 1961, Homo habilis -- 700 cc brain + tool manufacture, 2.4 - 1.8 mya (but not beyond 1.8 at Olduvai)

1972 Lake Turkana, East Africa,"1470" (and "1590") -- Homo habilis, 2 mya

1975 -
1976
Hadar, Ethiopia,"Lucy" and "The First Family" -- Australopithecus afarensis, 4 - 3 mya
1976 Laetoli, Tanzania, Footprints, 3.5 - 3.7 mya

1985 Lake Turkana, East Africa, KNM - WT- 17000, "The Black Skull," Australopithecus aethiopicus, 2.5 mya

1987 Berkeley, CA, "Mitochondrial Eve," 200,000 - 150,000 B.P.

1988 Qafzeh Cave, Israel, "Modern" (Homo sapiens sapiens), 92,000+ B.P.

1991 Italian / Austrian boarder, "'Ötzi' The Iceman," 5,300 B.P.

Update: "Iceman Keeps Scientists Guessing" -- BBC News (19 December 2000)
1994 Tugen Hills, Kenya's Rift Valley, Australopithecus ramidus (Ardipithecus ramidus), 4.4 mya

1995 Chauvet Cave, France, Cave Paintings, 20,000 B.P.
~ 25,000 to 27,000 B.P. footprints, June 1999
1995 Longguppo ("Dragon Bone" Cave = Zhoukoudian), China, 1.78 - 1.96 mya, Homo erectus with similarities to Homo habilis (= Pre-erectus?)
1996

Pope Vindicates Darwin

1997 Gona, Ethiopia (Hadar Region), World's Oldest Stone Tools found, 2.5-2.6 mya
1998 Sterkfontein,Transvaal, South Africa, "Little Foot," discovery of the world's first-ever find of an entire "ape-man" skull and its skeleton, 3.5 mya
1999 "Hand Axe Hill," Kenya, "tool factory, 2000+ pieces (Homo habilis or Australopithecus?), 2.34 mya.

1999 Tugen Hills, Kenya, Equatorius africanus, earliest ape to descent from trees?, a new genus of hominoids? ca. 15 mya.

1999 Sambungmacan, Central Java, Indonesia, "Madeleine, "(PL-1), shows features of both Homo sapiens and Homo erectus, and "probably had a capacity for language close to that of modern humans,1 mya? or 100,000 - 200,000 bp?
2000 Drimolen, South Africa, "Eurydice," Paranthropus robustus," the most complete ape-man skull ever excavated," and the "best opportunity to compare the differences between [Australopithecus robustus / Paranthropus robustus] males and females," 1.5 - 2 mya.
2000 Tugen hills of Kenya’s Baringo district, The "“Millennium Man”: "Mankind’s Earliest Ancestor" -- ABC News (04 December 2000), "at least" 6 mya hominid, humankind's earliest known ancestor, at least 5 individuals, both male and female (almost twice as old as "Lucy," who dates from ca. 3.2 - 3.5 mya)
2001

Genetically Modified "Glow-in-the-Dark" Monkey-Jellyfish: "GM monkey ["ANDi"] Offers Medical Hope" [sic.] -- BBC News (11 January 2001)

2001 South Africa, Ape-man ate termites -- BBC News (16 January 2001),  Australopithecus robustus / Paranthropus robustus, formerly thought to be a vegetarian now known to eat meat, using the world's oldest-known bone tools to forage for the insects. It is said to be the oldest, direct evidence for a particular food resource in hominids.
2001-03-21 Fossil Find May Redefine Evolution : Kenyanthropus platyops
2001-07-11

Ardipithecus ramidus kadabba

 

For the very latest news on major discoveries see . . .

Anthropology World News -- Texas A&M Anthropology

Archaeological News -- Archaeologica

BBC Archaeology

National Geographic News

Discovery News: Archaeology

ScienceDaily

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