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Understanding Global Cultures

f2021 Canvas Modules for Class Participants Fall 2021
s2022 Canvas Modules for Class Participants Spring 2022

List of countries of the world -- Wikipedia
Language Dictionaries and Resources 
International Development Indicators 
-- Human Development Reports, United Nations Development Programme
Global Open Data Index 
. Thursday, 02 December 2021, 12:33 (12:33 PM) CST, day 336 of 2021 .

World Food and Water Clock

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(all TR courses and web pages)

Global Cultures



Demosthenes Practising Oratory(1870)
Jean-Jules-Antoine Lecomte du Nouÿ(1842–1923)


Your Presentation
Your ClassProject
Charles Dickens, 1842, Francis Alexander.


As far as the assignments go, the Presentation and the Term Paper are not repititions or duplications.

They are different ways to present the results of your research to different audiences for different purposes.

It is the goal of this pair of assignments combined to give you experience presenting (a) your information to (b) two different audiences for (c) two different purposes.

Your Presentation

(1) Presentation




Your Term Paper
Charles Dickens, 1842, Francis Alexander.

(2) Term Paper


Student Colleagues in a Regional Professional Organization
(i.e., a student paper presented at a regional meeting)

(finished version)


To inform classmates what you have been working on and what you have found interesting, and possibly what you would like to find out more about in the future.

To present the results of personal research to members in a professional forum.

(i.e., or, if you prefer, your audience can be the members of a task force of which you are a member, in a company or organization like you would like to work for in the future.)


Formal, following the specific syle and content guidelines of the organization.

(The default guidelines are those commonly accepted for academic college-level term papers in the style format most commonly used by people in your major.)
For further information see your respective
Presentation and Term Paper WebPages.


One of the goals of the Presentation is to give you some practice informally presenting something you are interested in to a small group.  Think giving a brief presentation to a UMD student organization (e.g., MPIRG) or campus interest group (e.g., Donut Connoisseurs of Duluth), or to a community organization that you belong to (e.g.s, The Superior Hiking Trail Association, Duluth Community Garden Program), or something like a student presentation at a state/regional convention of your major (e.g., The Central Sates Anthropological Society), or something like that. 

Another e.g.: If you are thinking about something like a PowerPoint type of Presentation, consider doing the kind of presentation you would do for an organization you are a member of, for something like a "tabling" event at a fundraiser or at something like a recruitment fair.

The audience should be a group like your classmates.

Another goal of the Project, an hence the Presentation, is to give you practice taking something you have been working on and are interested in and presenting it to two different audiences, one informal (the Presentation) and one formal (the term  paper).

Is public speaking fear limiting your career?
-- Tim Smedley, BBCcapital (22 March 2017)

"Teamwork, plus her experience making presentations in class,
proved valuable for an internship this year at fashion designer Kate Spade."

  This is the real reason new graduates can't get hired
-- Ronald Alsop , BBC (19 November 2015)

Whether you are giving your presentation
in person, recording a voice-over, or making a video . . .

s p e a k    s l o w l y 

d o    n o t    r u s h

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Basics #1

All presentations and writings
—except, perhaps, free verse "poetry" and "tweets"—
should have . . .

  1. a defined Audience

  2. a clear Purpose

  3. an intended Style (aka "Tone")

  4. focused Content

Your Presentation is an informal [style] preliminary report [purpose] to your classmates [audience] onwhat you have found(and found to be interesting)in your research on your Projectthis semester [content].


Your Presentationis apreliminary reportof yourTerm Paper,
to a different audience (your classmates), and with a different style (informal)

(By contrast, your Term Paper will be a "formal style" document.)

  • Classmates (not the professor)

  • Think of your presentation as a TED talk for your classmates, if you are familiar with TED talks, without having to pay the $3,500-$15,000 fee to give your talk at aTED conference.

    • (If you are not familiar with TED talks, you should check on them. Have a look at the TED TalksTopics.)

  • Or something like a "brown bag" luncheon presentation at your library to a mixed-group of curious individuals who normally attend more informal public lectures

  • Or students at the Student Presentations sections of the Central States Anthropological Society Annual Convention, or the annual regional convention of your major(s) [for example, Sociologists of Minnesota, Central States Anthropological Society]


  • One of the main reasons for your Presentation, apart from sharing your findings, is to give you experience at presenting to a small groupa skill that is increasingly necessary in "the real world".

  • To let your audience know what you were working on, and what you found out that was interesting and important, and what might be interesting to look at in the future

  • To get feedback on your Presentation that might be useful in preparing your final Term Paper

  • NOTE: This is a presentation of a work in progress


  • for the Presentation, it may be informal

  • for the Paper, formal academic


  • Your research findings

  • The topic is the same topic as your Term Paper
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Basics #2

All presentations and writings
should have . . .

  1. a Beginning

  2. a Middle

  3. and an End
    (generally a Summary and Conclusion)

And your "Middle" shoud beorganized in some way.

(See Organizational Strategies below.)

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Presentation Due Date

f2021 Your Presentation is due on-line in Canvas by the end of Week 13, Saturday, 27 November 2021 (up to 99 points)

 All Main Due Dates

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Length of Presentation

Your Presentation is basicaly a 12-15 minute preliminary report

on your Semester Research Project,

with about 3-5 minutes of the time devoted to questions and answers
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What Kind of Presentation Can I Give?

Presentations can be in the form of . . .

a Straightforward Talk
on YouTube

Visual Rhetoric Tips

Visual Rhetoric: Overview
Visual Rhetoric: Text Elements
Visual Rhetoric: Color
Visual Rhetoric: Images

For an excellent example of a straightforward talk, without PowerPoint or props or other visual aids, have a look at the YouTube Presentation of

 Joel Salatin, at the 3rd Annual Community Wellness Day April 28th 2012 at UMD

(Remember Joel Salatin of Polyface Farm from the videos and the text?)

Whether you are giving your presentation
in person, recording a voice-over, or making a video . . .

s p e a k    s l o w l y 

d o    n o t    r u s h

an Illustrated Talk

(i.e., a PowerPoint type presentation)

On-line PowerPoint Presentations

Sometimes when you go to a convention, or a meeting, or a job fair, or a sports show or something like that and you see a display or two that are set up with programs running on their own. Those can be short PowerPoint or videos that are looped to continually run on their own.

The messages can be written out, with the text included as part of the program, or the messages can be added with audio as a "voice-over".

  • with a "voice-over" the narration is not accompanied by the image of the speaker; the message is in the background explaining what the viewer is seeing on the screen

  • with "textual" only, all of the information is provided by the words on the screen (along with the images); there is no one in the background explaining what the viewer is seeing on the screen.

  • by contrast, with a YouTube or other "video" presentation, the speaker is, commonly in front of the camera speaking directly to the viewer(s)

You may do any of these types for your class Presentation.

See more on PowerPoint presentations below.


If you have had Prof. David Syring's or Prof. Emad's courses or workshops on media production this is an excellent place to demonstrate your skills.

See additional information on PowerPoint presentations below.

5 Tips for Photographing Food on Your Phone -- National Geographic (11 February 2016) 

Whether you are giving your presentation
in person, recording a voice-over, or making a video . . .

s p e a k    s l o w l y 

d o    n o t    r u s h

a Video Presentation

or a presentation augmented with YouTube
(or Google Photos "Movie" app on Android systems)

Whether you are giving your presentation
in person, recording a voice-over, or making a video . . .

s p e a k    s l o w l y 

d o    n o t    r u s h

a WebSite

. . . created featuring a presentation and explanation your Project

an On-line Blog

16 Rules of Blog Writing and Layout -- Successful Bloggins,

 How to Start a Blog --  WebsiteSetup, Nick Schäferhoff (17 January 2020)

How to start a blog: 11 pro tips -- Craig Stewart, Creative Bloq (14 March 2019)

How to Create A Blog with Blogger.Com -- Helen Mongan-Rallis and Bruce Reeves, UMD


a Prezi Presentation


presentations are allowed, but discouraged

"Research Poster"

If you were to attend a regional or national conference in a professional organization related to your major, or if you attend a conference or exposition related to something like an Undergraduate Research Opportunites Program (UROP) project, you would most likely see that there is a "Poster Session" as part of that conference or exposition.

So another option for your class presentation would be to create a professional poster presentation explaining your project to others interested in the topic.

UROP, for example, lists UROP Presentation Opportunities on their web site, and they go on to offer Guidelines for creating a professional poster.

Further information on research posters is available at . . .

 Research Poster Overview

Research Poster Content & Context 
Formatting Considerations
 Ordering Information
 Using Images
 Supplementary Handouts

* * *

  How to Create a Research Poster
-- NYU Libraries

  Poster Presentation
-- Michigan State University, Undergraduate Research

  YouTubeHow to Present an Academic Research Poster
-- Syracuse University iSchool

  Presenting Your Poster at a Conference: Tips and Tricks
-- Sharlene Fernandes, Society for Personality and Social Psychology, 17 June 2021

  Creating a Poster
-- Washington University in St. Louis, Library Services for Undergraduate Research

Poster Pointers

  • pay careful attention to white space

  • proofread

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PowerPoint Presentations


Saying "I don't like PowerPoint lectures" is like saying
"I don't like chalkboard lectures," or
"I don't like overhead projector lectures," or
"I don't like 8 mm movies".

It misses the point.

Likewise to assume that your lecture is good just because it uses PowerPoint
also misses the point.

As with any presentation, it is good to have a beginning, middle, and an end. Usually the beginning contains what in writing they call a "thesis statement."

  • For an e.g. have a look (or another look) at the Meet Your Professor slides . . .

  • PowerPoint projects for this course should be well-crafted and professional, and about 25-30 slides & * in length, with narration or narrative text as part of the program itself (and not simply presented, for e.g., as presenter's notes in a powerpoint presentation).

    • the numbers 25-30 slides are just guidelines. You may have more or fewer slides if you like.

    *Note: The "10-20-30 rule" works well, but only for some kinds of presentations. Choose an approach that best fits your presentation goals.

    Ref.: The 10 20 30 rule of PowerPoint -- presentation magazine

    • Your narration can be voice-over or textual

    • You should have captions where appropriate

    • The "narration" can be pretty straightforward.  It is the "story" that links the slides together 

      • If you look at any of the slide sets from the first part of the semester, there is a set of word slides linking together the various images

      • (Note, as mentioned above written "narration" should be part of the program itself and not simply presented as off-slide notes in a PowerPoint presentation. That is, the PowerPoint "show" itself should be self-contained. The same priciple is also true as it might apply to a web page presentation.)

      • To see what the presenter's notes are all about, if you go to your PowerPoint program and click on the "View" tab at the top (usually at the top) you will have the options . . .

          • Normal
          • Slide Sorter
          • Notes Page
          • Reading View

      • Some people sometimes put the "narrative" (the story that links the slides together) on the "Notes Page."  But when one does that they can not see the slides and the notes at the same time.

      • So don't put your "narrative" there

    • The minimum format should be slides with information on your project, with relevant illustrations. You may, of course, experiment. (But avoid items flying around and appearing randomly.)

     OWL logo, Online Writing Lab, Purdue University.

       Designing an Effective Powerpoint Presentation: Quick Guide

    Before You Start

    Design Principles

    Practical Guides

    Color Theory Presentation

    other presentation resources

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Presentation Citations Format Information

If you give an illustrated Presentation you will likely need to cite sources for your illustrations and other materials.

If you give a PowerPoint Presentation, for e.g.,
your citations can go on your last slide(s), in smaller font type (if you like).
See details below.

If you need to include citations (and you need to if you use anyone's ideas or images or the like), use conventional citations.

Use any standard format and / or style guide. The main ones include . . .

When it comes time to work on your Term Paper, have a look at the APA Sample Papers (if you are using the APA style) . . .

When it comes time to work on your Term Paper, have a look at the MLA Sample Papers (if you are using the MLA style) . . .


Chicago Manual of Style 16th Edition --OWL Online Writing Lab -- Purdue University

for the "Chicago / Turabian" style . . .

    QUESTION: "When you put pictures in PowerPoint slides do you have cite them?"

    The basic rule is that one needs to cite everything used that is not of their own creation.  There are different ways to do that.

    For a presentation you can list the sources of the images on one or more slide (if you are using slides) at the end; that is, all of the references can be at the end; they do not necessarily have to be with each picture (that is, in a Presentation; in the Term Paper, each image must be identified, and the source given).

    If you are doing a web site, it is acceptable to link the picture to its source (which is the system I use on most of the images for the class web pages).

    • You can also add a link an image in a PowerPoint slide, but, in the end, that can be very confusing when a viewer or presenter clicks on an image accidentally and is taken away from the Presentation to the web site (or other source) of the picture.

Have a look at the information below, and if you have any questions, please let me know.

images The use of images is one of the great strengths of using WebPages.  Images help explain your point, and they allow you to present information quickly, clearly and concisely.  And they generally make your work look more interesting.

Identify your images with concise headings.

When you include an image, place it as close as possible to the part of the text that it illustrates.  Place images in the most appropriate locations; do not simply add them at the beginning or the end of your paper.

At the bottom of each image, include the source of information and any other relevant notes.  Make sure each image has an accurate title.

images In your Presentation make sure each image has an accurate title.  And at the bottom of each image, include the source of information and any other relevant notes, but do that part in tiny fonts. 
images Images help explain your point, and they allow you to present information quickly, clearly and concisely.  And they generally make your work look more interesting.  Number your images and include concise headings.  And you must have at least one reference to each illustration . . . in the text.

When you include an image in your Term Paper, place it as close as possible to the part of the text that it illustrates.  Place images in the most appropriate locations; do not simply add them at the beginning or the end of your paper.  If your image is bigger or longer than fits on the page where it should ideally go, indicate its position with instructions set off by lines above and below and place each image on a separate page immediately following the inserted instructions as with the following example.


Insert Image 1 about here


At the bottom of each image, include the source of information and any other relevant notes.  Do not number these notes in the same series as the content notes.  Make sure each image has an accurate title.

Number your images consecutively, in the order mentioned in the text.  Number figures, diagrams, and illustrations similarly, but separately.

In the text, refer to images, tables, figures, illustrations ... by their number.  For example:

"Image 1 illustrates the relationship between the femur and its attached muscles.@

". . . these correlations support the hypothesis (see Figure 1)."

credits    Somewhere in your paper you should include an identification of and credits for your cover image.  You can do this on the “Works Cites” or “References” page.  This information is usually not included on the cover page.

Helpful Resources

Organizational Strategies

Journalist's Questions

  • Who
  • What
  • When
  • Where
  • How
  • Why

And you can do this for more than one subtopic

Time Sequence

T1 ---> T2 ---> T3 ---> T4 ---> . . .

(In this case T1, etc., can equal scenes in a video, for example)

Space Sequence

S1 ---> S2 ---> S3 ---> S4 ---> . . .

(In this case S1, etc., could equal the spacial scenes in the video)

(In other cases -- but not so easy to do with the information provided in this film -- with S1, etc., you could describe situations East to West, for example)

N number of items

"Ten itms define the importance of. . . .

First, . . . .

Second, . . . .

Third, . . . .

Finally, . . . .

Most Important ---> Least Important:

"The most important partition of . . . between Kypseli men and women is. . . ."

"Next in importantance to the men is . . . while women. . . ."

"The least importantant to the men in Kypseli is . . . while women. . . ."

Comparison / Contrast

Note how things are the same and how they are different. For e.g.  . . .

Item # 1
Item # 2
Item # 3
Item # 4
Item # N

Points of View

And don't forget that there can be basically two points of view . . .


  • viewing a culture from the inside
  • the term "emic" comes from linguistics: phonemics
  • the study of basic sounds



  • viewing a culture from the outside
  • the term "etic" comes from from linguistics: phonetics
  • the study of sound units



Where do I begin?

Begin thinking about your Project early in the semester

Talk / communicate with others about what they are doing, and share your ideas

Focus first on planning your term paper

See Term Paper WebSite for information on selecting a topic

Focus on that first, but keep in mind that at the end of the semester you will need to do a Presentation on your research

As mentioned above
(in Basics #1 and Basics #2)
whenever you write or present anything you should consider . . .



your personal style

focused content

And basically, your presentation should . . .

    • have a beginnng, a middle and an end

    • be organized

    • if appropriate, be illustrated
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Presentation "Reviews"

"Presentation Reviews" are your reviews of other's Presentations

You should review 3-5 of your classmates' presentations in preparation for the Final Exam.

(You do not need to submit anything specific pertaining to your reviews before the Final Exam, but it might help if you take a few notes--in the even that you get the following question from the Final Exam question pool.) 

The following will be the question about class presentations reviews that will be in the Final Exam Pool:

"Compare and Contrast your Presentation with the Presentations of three others in class.  If, in your opinion, your presentation was not the best in class, what would it take to make it the best?"

"As part of your discussion explain what units of analysis you and the others used, how they were used, and why you chose to use those exact ones you did."

Every student will write and submit their own term paper.

If appropriate, you may collaborate with others for your presentations.

  criteria for grading written works
  "The Strike Zone"
  "The Curve"
  UMD Grading Policies

Paper and Presentation Due to Assignment Area

 Writers' Workship

UMD offers free writing support from graduate student or faculty writing consultants to all members of the campus community at the Writers’ Workshop. The consultants will work with you on any writing project at any stage in the writing process.

To make an appointment, visit <> or stop by the Workshop’s front desk; walk-ins are also welcome if a consultant is available. The Workshop is located in the Learning Commons on the second floor of the Kathryn A. Martin Library. Look for the wall covered with quotations about writing. 

Students in this class have permission to see a Writers’ Workshop consultant for all take-home exams.

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Handy Assignment Calculator from the UMD Library

for your research papers try the
UMD Library > Research Tools and Resources >
Assignment Calculator

 UMD Library Assignment Calculator

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Technical Help For Your Presentation

Technical Help and Facilties for your Presentation are available at . . .

Also Check Out UMD's . . .

This course is governed by the . . .

University of Minnesota Duluth Student Academic Integrity Policy

UMD Office of Student and Community Standards

"Academic dishonesty tarnishes UMD's reputation and discredits the accomplishments of students. UMD is committed to providing students every possible opportunity to grow in mind and spirit. This pledge can only be redeemed in an environment of trust, honesty, and fairness. As a result, academic dishonesty is regarded as a serious offense by all members of the academic community. In keeping with this ideal, this course will adhere to UMD's Student Academic Integrity Policy, which can be found at []. This policy sanctions students engaging in academic dishonesty with penalties up to and including expulsion from the university for repeat offenders." — UMD Educational Policy Committee, Jill Jensen, Chair (08/16/2007)

and the UMD Student Conduct Code

and the

Student Conduct Code Statement (students' rights)

The instructor will enforce and students are expected to follow the University's Student Conduct Code []. Appropriate classroom conduct promotes an environment of academic achievement and integrity. Disruptive classroom behavior that substantially or repeatedly interrupts either the instructor's ability to teach, or student learning, is prohibited. Disruptive behavior includes inappropriate use of technology in the classroom. Examples include ringing cell phones, text-messaging, watching videos, playing computer games, doing email, or surfing the Internet on your computer instead of note-taking or other instructor-sanctioned activities." — UMD Educational Policy Committee, Jill Jensen, Chair (08/16/2007)

Instructor and Student Responsibilities Policy


A Note on Extra Credit Papers

Failure to comply with the above codes and standards when submitting an Extra Credit paper will result in a penalty commensurate with the lapse, up to and including an F final grade for the course, and, at a minimum, a reduction in total points no fewer than the points available for the Extra Credit project. The penalty will not simply be a zero for the project, and the incident will be reported to the UMD Academic Integrity Officer in the Office of Student and Community Standards.


A Note on "Cutting and Pasting" without the Use of Quotation Marks
(EVEN IF you have a citation to the source somewhere in your paper)

If you use others' words and/or works you MUST so indicate that with the use of quotation marks. Failure to use quotation marks to indicate that the materials are not of your authorship constitutes plagiarism—even if you have a citation to the source elsewhere in your paper/work.

Patterned failure to so indicate that the materials are not of your own authorship will result in an F grade for the course.

Other instances of improper attribution will result in a 0 (zero) for the assignment (or a reduction in points equal to the value of an Extra Credit paper), and a reduction of one grade in the final grade of the course.

All incidents will be reported to the UMD Academic Integrity Officer in the Office of Student and Community Standards as is required by University Policy.


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