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cultural anthropology

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Cultural Anthropology Course Information

    

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(all TR courses and web pages)

Political Organization and Leadership

Bands

 

Tribes

Chiefdoms

States

~ Modern Folk Cultures
   ("peasants")
~ Modern Microcultures

International

~ Major World Religions
~ Multinational Corporations
~ Intergovernmental Organizations
~ International Stateless Organizations

Band society
-- Wikipedia
Tribe
-- Wikipedia
Chiefdom
-- Wikipedia
State
-- Wikipedia
International Organization
-- Wikipedia

top of page /\ A-Z index

 Canvas

  Societal
Level
or Stage
Characteristic
Means of
Socio-Cultural
Integration
Major
Characteristics

Examples References
           
VI.A. Major World Religions
  • often hierarchical authoritative structure
  • religious scriptural and tradition based
  Christianity
Islam
Judaism 
Hinduism
Buddhism
Confucianism
Bahá'í
New Age

VI.B. Multinational Corporations
  • corporate
  • for-profit
  • "bottom-line" focused
 

Coca Cola
Toyota
Macdonald's
Monsanto

Cargill
ADM
IBM
Microsoft . . .

 
VI.C.

International Governmental Organizations (IGOs)

  • member states' charters and agreements
  • ideologically / mission focused
  UN
EU
WTO
Red Cross / Red Crescent
Médecins Sans Frontières . . .
 
VI.D. International Stateless Organizations
  • informal network
  • ideologically / mission focused
  Al-Qaeda  
V.B

Modern Microcultures

 to top of page / A/Z index

  • dependent or semi-dependent on national state
  • retain original ethnic or local differences
 

Basques

Basque people
-- Wikipedia
  Rom
(Gypsies)
Roma people
-- Wikipedia
  "Australian
Aborigines"
Indigenous
Australians

-- Wikipedia
  Kurds Kurdish people
-- Wikipedia
 

Mexican
Americans

Chicano
-- Wikipedia
 

American
Indians

American Indian
-- Wikipedia

e.g., Paul Buffalo

 

African-
Americans

African American
-- Wikipedia
 

The Shakers

Shakers
-- Wikipedia
 

Amish

Amish
-- Wikipedia
V.A.

Modern Folk Cultures

("peasant cultures")

 to top of page / A/Z index

  • dependent on national state
  • original ethnic or local differences reduced
 

modern Maya (Appeals to Santiago)

Maya
-- Wikipedia
 
  Aymara Aymara
-- Wikipedia
  Mapuche Mapuche
-- Wikipedia
 

typically,
villages
in large
countries

e.g., Kypseli

e.g., Mexico, India, China, etc.

          various
nationalities
within
dominant
cultures, etc.
 
IIII.

States

State
-- Wikipedia

  to top of page / A/Z index

  • control by means of force (coersion) or threat of force from institutionalized body of persons

  • legitimacy based on consent of the governened, but in many societies legitimacy is based on relision
  • state is constituted legally

  • manner of force is made explicit

  • other force outlawed

  • society is divided into political- economic classes

  • aristocracy = state bureaucrats, military leaders, upper priesthood

  • other people = producers

  • full-time professionals in arts and crafts, etc. (specialization of labor)
  Maya
(precolumbian)
Maya
-- Wikipedia
  Aztec Aztec
-- Wikipedia
  Inca Inca Empire -- Wikipedia
  Tibet Tibet
-- Wikipedia
  Yoruba Yoruba
-- Wikipedia
  Ashanti Ashanti
-- Wikipedia
III.

Chiefdoms

Chiefdom
-- Wikipedia

 to top of page / A/Z index

  • chieftainship, with prestige accorded person in office

  • the chief rules by means of the authority of his office (which he often gets through inheritance)

  • tends to become permanent or hereditary
  • this and all higher levels are "organismic"

  • nonegalitarian

  • labor specialization

  • larger populations

  • higher population density
 

Trobriand
Islanders

Trobriand Islands
-- Wikipedia
  Kpelle Kpelle
-- Wikipedia
  Masai Masai
-- Wikipedia
  Nootka Nuu-chah-nulth
-- Wikipedia
  Tahitians Tahitian
-- Wikipedia
  Kalinga Kalinga Province
-- Wikipedia
II.

Tribes

Tribe
-- Wikipedia

 to top of page / A/Z index

  • lineages and pantribal sodalities

    (nonresidential associations)
  • greater size

  • segmented
    (more subdivisions)

  • associations

  • leadership is charismatic

  • has more definite boundaries

  • still largely familial

  • remains egalitarian

  • most common with horticulturalists and pastoralists
 

Yanomamö

Yanomami
-- Wikipedia
  Nuer Nuer
-- Wikipedia
  Dani Dani people
-- Wikipedia
  Mendi Mendi
-- Wikipedia
  Cheyenne Cheyenne
-- Wikipedia
  Navajo Navajo nation
-- Wikipedia
  Jivaro Shuar
-- Wikipedia
  Land Dyaks Dyak
-- Wikipedia
I.

Bands
(slides)

Band society
-- Wikipedia

 to top of page / A/Z index

  • familial, via kinship ties
  • bottom and beginning of societal levels

  • lack special integrative mechanisms

  • most common with foragers (including hunting and gatherers)

  • leadership is charismatic

 

!Kung San

Bushmen
-- Wikipedia
  Waorani Huaorani
-- Wikipedia
  Desert
People

of Australia
Australian Aboriginal tribes
-- Wikipedia
  Netsilik
Eskimo
Eskimo
-- Wikipedia
  Tiwi -- Wikipedia
  Andaman
Islanders
Andaman Islands
-- Wikipedia
  Yaghan Yaghan language
-- Wikipedia
top of page A-Z index
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