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Tuesday, 18 June 2024, 17:27 (05:27 PM) CDT, day 170 of 2024

Prehistoric Cultures

Fall 2012 Calendar -- DAY  [archive]

Fall 2012 Calendar  -- EVENING [archive]

Dates and Times to Remember 

class slides on-line 

Tuesday, 18 June 2024, 22:27 (10:27 PM) GMT, day 170 of 2024
. . . in History 
  . . . in Headlines

      Babel Fish Translation 
~ translate this page

OWL logo, Online Writing Lab, Purdue University.

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Case Study

What's New?

Current Trends and New Discoveries
at the Texas A&M  Anthropology World News WebSite

DAY Case Study "What's New? Current Trends and New Discoveries" was due Friday, 21 September 2012, 11:55 p.m.

CE Case Study "What's New? Current Trends and New Discoveries" was due Friday, 21 September 2012, 11:55 p.m.


OWL logo, Online Writing Lab, Purdue University.
APA Sample Papers
Sample APA Paper: Definitions of Online Communication
Sample APA Paper: Adolescent Depression

MLA Sample Papers
MLA Undergraduate Sample Paper: Andrew Carnegie
MLA Sample Papers: Nineteenth Century Farming Handbooks

Turning in your paper

See "Turning in Materials" information before you turn in your paper

  Information on Uploading your Files
  manuscript outline and format suggestions
  turn in assignments to your Moodle folder
  call your file your e-mailname+assignment name

e.g., rouf0013_PC_case_study

  be sure to have your e-mail name in the title of your file
  your email name is your University of Minnesota Internet ID (X.500 user name)

  criteria for grading written works
  "The Strike Zone"
  "The Curve"
  UMD Grading Policies


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(Some people find it useful to think of this as something like a book report, or movie review, but with a focus on a web page instead.)

Section A

  1. First of all, have a look at the Texas A&M WebSite Anthropology World News

    • found at <>

    • scroll through the site, noting, in general, the kind of items that are being reported in the area of Prehistoric Cultures

    • "Kinds of items" includes things like people in the news, new fossils found, new prehistoric archaeological sites discovered, current controversies discussed, what's new with non-human primates (especially the great apes: chimps, gorillas, orangutans) reviewed, new methods explained, old things reinterpreted, unusual and / or special events noted, and things like that.  In other words, what are the groupings of things found on the main part of the Texas A&M page?
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  1. If one or more of the subjects sounds interesting to you click on it and have a look

  2. After you have had a look at the entire Texas A&M WebSite, Anthropology World News, write a paragraph or two about what trends you found
Section B
  1. Next, pick one of those trends or discoveries that you mentioned in your introduction and explore it in greater depth

    • if you are looking at Anthropology World News those items listed with several entries grouped together are usually the easiest ones to do
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  1. If you want to you can try getting related information by looking at other sites on the web:
    • Try surfing the web by searching with the search engines found by clicking on the Web "Search" button found on the upper righthand corner all of the course WebPages

    • Hint: When you do a search on an item that has more than one word, like "stone tools," click on the "phrase" button of the search engine -- otherwise it will search out everything with "stone" and everything with "tools," and the list of "hits" could get quite large

    • These keywords might be useful to your project:

      anthropology, archaeology, prehistory, human origins, paleoanthropology, primates, nonhuman primates, apes, hominids, lithics, stone tools, and ice age

  1. Also try getting more information from JSTORE, elelctronically stored journals, and look for other items from the UMD Electronic Reference Collection

  2. For this Case Study you may also use traditional library materials, and, where appropriate, interviews and videotapes

    So have a look at one or more of the daily newspapers to see what they're reporting

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  1. On-line Resources which might be helpful include:
    1. Infotrac®
    2. JSTOR©
    4. Soc-Anth-Cultural Studies Search Engines and Reference Works
    5. UMD On-Line Library Resources
    6. General Reference Works
    7. Books and Manuscripts On-Line
  1. Use the Forum to discuss your paper with others in the class. You will find that at your Moodle home.
  1. DAY Case Study "What's New? Current Trends and New Discoveries" was due Friday, 21 September 2012, 11:55 p.m.
        • (Unexcused late Case Study papers will result in a loss of 2% of the final course grade)

  2. Length: 5 - 6 well-written pages

    • including one title page (see sample title page) and
    • and at least one separate "Works Cited" (or "References") page (see sample)
    • that leaves 3-5 pages of text
    • Style: For the Paper, academic
    • Format: Any standard format and citation convention (APA, MLA, Turabian-Chicago . . . )
      • doublespaced
      • with one-inch margins all around
      • with body type font 11 or 12
      • illustrations, tables, figures, diagrams . . . may be included, but must be properly placed and cited

  3. The Case Study counts up to 100 points
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  1. Criteria for Grading College Writing


  2. Suggestion: Don't put off the Web Assignments. The web doesn't always work when you want it to

  3. When you write anything you should consider audience, purpose, and your personal style
    • For your case studiy, your audience should be your classmates in this class
    • do not write your college papers to the professor as audience

  4. Information about Handing in Your Paper

  5. See the "Preparing the Final Draft" section of the Sociology - Anthropology - Criminology - Humanities / Classics Writing Guide to see the details of what your Case Study report should look like when you hand it in

    • Basically, it should look like the paper which follows

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Formatting Suggestions and Resources

or other web resources such as OWL logo, Online Writing Lab, Purdue University.
(the Purdue Online Writing Lab)

or the Paradigm Online Writing Assistant

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TR HomePage

This course is governed by the . . .

University of Minnesota Duluth Student Academic Integrity Policy

UMD Office of Student and Community Standards

Student Academic Integrity
-- UMD Office of Academic Affairs (Effective: November 22, 2011)

Use of AI-content generators for assignments in this class

When I taught Advanced Writing for the Social Sciences here at UMD, for over twenty-five years, my rule of thumb advice to students was to plan to spend 60% or more of their time and effort revising drafts (for academic type writing).

In 2001 Wikipedia appeared on the scene and very quickly became a useful tool as a starting point for many academic projects even though as an open-source resource the Wikipedia entries are not checked and verified in the same manner as other traditional reference materials.

Spelling and grammar checkers arrived on the general scene and helped with spelling and grammar checking, but, as you no doubt have discovered, they continue to require human editing.

And, of course, before that we had a selection of excellent Encyclopedia offering good starting points for many projects, the most popular being The Encyclopedia Brittanica.

And long before that there were libraries--since at least the days of Alexandria in Egypt, in the third century B.C.

The bottom line . . .

Today the evolution of research resources and aids continues with the relatively rapid appearance of ChatGPT and other automated content generators.

As many folks have already found out, they can be very useful as starting points, much like their predecessors. But, from the academic point of view, they are still only starting points.

Professors nationwide are for the most part advised, and even encouraged, to experiment with the potentials of ChatGPT and similar apps.

In this class it is fine to experiment, with the caveat that all of your written academic work demonstrates that your personal efforts—including content development and revision—reflect your personal originality, exploration, analysis, explanation, integrating and synthesizing of ideas, organizational skills, evaluation, and overall learning and critical thinking efforts.

That is to say you may experiment with the AI tool to do tasks such as e.g, brainstorming, narrowing topics, writing first drafts, editing text, and the like. AI-generated works should in no case be more than that.

In the end you need to become familiar enough with the various subjects, peoples, and places discussed in this class to research a topic and problem-solve on your own, and carry on an intelligent conversation about them in modern-day society . . . a conversation that goes byond your voicing an unsupported opinion.

Please ask questions of and offer comments to


For the record, what follows is the official UMD Academic Integrity Policy. Note that "unless otherwise noted by the faculty member" this is the default policy.

"UMD’s Academic Integrity policy covers any work done by automated content generators such as ChatGPT or other generative artificial intelligence tools unless otherwise noted by the faculty member. These tools present new challenges and opportunities."

"Within the confines of this class The use of AI-content generators is strictly prohibited for any stage of homework/assignment (e.g., draft or final product). The primary purposes of college are developing your thinking skills, being creative with ideas, and expanding your understanding on a wide variety of topics. Using these content generating AI tools thwarts the goal of homework/assignments to provide students opportunities to achieve these purposes. Please make the most of this time that you have committed to a college education and learn these skills now, so that you can employ them throughout your life." -- Jennifer Mencl, UMD Associate Vice Chancellor, Academic Affairs, 10 May 2023

Current information from the UMN Senate Committee on Educational Policy Resources


See Also Using Wikipedia and other Standard Reference Works

"Academic dishonesty tarnishes UMD's reputation and discredits the accomplishments of students. UMD is committed to providing students every possible opportunity to grow in mind and spirit. This pledge can only be redeemed in an environment of trust, honesty, and fairness. As a result, academic dishonesty is regarded as a serious offense by all members of the academic community. In keeping with this ideal, this course will adhere to UMD's Student Academic Integrity Policy, which can be found at []. This policy sanctions students engaging in academic dishonesty with penalties up to and including expulsion from the university for repeat offenders." — UMD Educational Policy Committee, Jill Jensen, Chair (08/16/2007)

and the UMD Student Conduct Code

and the

Student Conduct Code Statement (students' rights)

The instructor will enforce and students are expected to follow the University's Student Conduct Code []. Appropriate classroom conduct promotes an environment of academic achievement and integrity. Disruptive classroom behavior that substantially or repeatedly interrupts either the instructor's ability to teach, or student learning, is prohibited. Disruptive behavior includes inappropriate use of technology in the classroom. Examples include ringing cell phones, text-messaging, watching videos, playing computer games, doing email, or surfing the Internet on your computer instead of note-taking or other instructor-sanctioned activities." — UMD Educational Policy Committee, Jill Jensen, Chair (08/16/2007)

Instructor and Student Responsibilities Policy


A Note on Extra Credit Papers

Failure to comply with the above codes and standards when submitting an Extra Credit paper will result in a penalty commensurate with the lapse, up to and including an F final grade for the course, and, at a minimum, a reduction in total points no fewer than the points available for the Extra Credit project. The penalty will not simply be a zero for the project, and the incident will be reported to the UMD Academic Integrity Officer in the Office of Student and Community Standards.


A Note on "Cutting and Pasting" without the Use of Quotation Marks
(EVEN IF you have a citation to the source somewhere in your paper)

If you use others' words and/or works you MUST so indicate that with the use of quotation marks. Failure to use quotation marks to indicate that the materials are not of your authorship constitutes plagiarism—even if you have a citation to the source elsewhere in your paper/work.

Patterned failure to so indicate that the materials are not of your own authorship will result in an F grade for the course.

Other instances of improper attribution will result in a 0 (zero) for the assignment (or a reduction in points equal to the value of an Extra Credit paper), and a reduction of one grade in the final grade of the course.

All incidents will be reported to the UMD Academic Integrity Officer in the Office of Student and Community Standards as is required by University Policy.


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Sample Paper Outline



[more information on your title]

What's New?

Current Trends and New Discoveries

in Prehistoric Cultures,

or "It's All New to Me"

by George Bush, Jr.

Prehistoric Cultures

Case Study

Professor Roufs

18 June 2024

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What's New in Prehistory 1

I. Introdution
[more information on an Introduction]

Put an introductory statement here, explaining the nature of your case study. Basically that is going to be some version of something like, "For the Case Study in Prehistoric Cultures we were to review the last four to six weeks of 'Anthropology World News' on the Texas A&M Anthropology web site. In the past month X, Y, and Z seem to be the popular topics. I found Z to be interesting and did further research on it. Here is what I found. . . ."

Notice that the introduction should Include a transitional statement at the end, in this case it's about finding an item of interest that's a good example of some current trend or new discovery.

Your introduction can be fairly brief. Most of your content should go in the "Body" of your paper.

II. Body
[Give this section an interesting subtitle, something other than "Body"]

Describe and discuss your chosen topic(s) here. (If you do a comparison / contrast paper you will need more than one topic, otherwise a single topic is fine.) Use some form of organizational structure. The "Journalist's Questions," Who,What, When, Where, How and Why are often helpful.

For Prehistoric Cultures Case Study #1 your "Body" could be made up of two parts:

    1. A summary of the contents of the last four to six weeks of news on the Texas A&M WebSite Anthropology World News site. This is just a summary of the topics that you can see on the A&M site; you do not have to read all of the items.

    2. For part B of your paper, pick one of the items and read about it, and then summarize what you found, and what your opinions are of it. Pick the topic from the Texas A&M Site that interests you most

    Use the Paradigm Online Writing Assistant if you do not have much experience writing college papers.

III. Conclusions

Put your conclusions here. One school of "Conclusion" writing says that your "Conclusion" should simply recapitulate (basically restate) what you said in the main part ("Body") of your paper. This approach also suggests that you do not actually add any new information in this section.

For this type of an assignment, which is basically an exploratory essay, that is probably the best approach to take.

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What's New in Prehistory  Nn 


Works Cited

Your "References" or "Works Cited" information should go on a separate page.

See "Documenting Electronic Sources in Specific Disciplines" from OWL for information on how to cite items from the web.

References should all be double-spaced.

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